National Association of State Election Directors
Voting systems board
- Chair: Sandy Steinbach
- Kathy Rogers
- Steve Freeman
- Brad Clark
- Paul Craft
- Dr. Brit Williams
- Michael Clingman
- Connie Schmidt
- Brian Hancock
- Brit Williams testimony before the EAC on 2006/07/15: "From their introduction in 1964 until 1990 the development, marketing, sales, and use of computer based voting systems was unregulated. In this era a computer based voting system was whatever the vendor said it was and whatever a jurisdiction could be convinced to purchase and use.
The Federal Election Commission began the development of voting system standards in 1986. This effort resulted in the publication of the first ever set of voting system standards in January 1990. This standard was directed primarily toward the hardware associated with voting and did not address the software system that we now call the election management system.
In 1994 the National Association of State Election Directors (NASED) formed a Voting Systems Board and undertook to implement the 1990 FEC standards. In the period between 1990 and 1994 several states developed their own certification process and used Wyle Laboratories, Inc. in Huntsville, Alabama to perform the environmental tests specified in the 1990 standards. As a result of this experience Wyle became the first NASED certified Independent Test Agency (ITA) and continues in that role today.
Over time, the 1990 standards were interpreted to include the election management software and the 2002 standards specifically included standards for election management software. Since their expertise was primarily in hardware, Wyle requested that NASED identify a software firm to evaluate the election management software. Nichols Research Corporation in Huntsville, Alabama became the first software ITA. This function passed from Nichols to Ciber, Inc. through a series of acquisitions and mergers. SysTest Labs, LLC, a woman-owned corporation, became the first ITA certified by NASED to perform both hardware and software evaluations."
- VoteTrustUSA, "EAC To Assume Oversight Of Voting System Testing And Certification", 2006/07/10
- NASED voting systems board members
- According to "The Two Faces of Diebold" by Rebecca Abrahams, Linda Lamone was formerly the president of NASED
Voting system test labs
- EAC list of voting system test labs
- VSTL documents from the EAC
- Huntsville AL significance - page here
- Washington Technology, "Companies Tout Commercial Solutions, Technical Might", 1999/04/09 - mentions Nichols Research as a military contractor in Huntsville
- Funding Universe, "Nichols Research Corporation History"
- Associated Press, "Vote count at mercy of clandestine testing", 2004/08/23 - mentions Ciber and Wyle Labs in Huntsville, SysTest Labs in Denver; discusses the locked premises of Ciber and the refusal by people like Southworth to provide any information; similar denials by spokesman Dan Reeder of Wyle (based in El Segundo CA) and Carolyn Coggins of SysTest; explains how the FEC's refusal to regulate the industry (perhaps a deliberate outsourcing to NASED and the Election Center) forced election officials (who were heavily influenced by the Election Center) to find testers themselves
- The Red & Black, "Machine testing lacks oversight", 2004/08/31 - all of the testing labs refuse to provide information; Gail Audette, vice-president of engineering for SysTest Labs, denies they were involved with Diebold; describes FEC's allowance of NASED to regulate the industry; KSU Center for Election Systems referred questions to SoS Cathy Cox's office, which never replied
- Wired, "E-Voting Tests Get Failing Grade", 2004/11/01 - Southworth and Coggins defend themselves by saying the standards are inadequate
- Bev Harris, "Launching e-voting in the USA: Some names, organizations involved", 2005/08/20
- BradBlog comment thread discussing the voting machine certification process
- Bev Harris, "CIBER THE BRIBER, AND OTHER ELECTORAL LAUNDRY", 2013/04/04 - Ciber's involvement in kickback schemes
- Bev Harris, "Law firm preparing shareholder lawsuit; Ciber kicked out of Pennsylvania contract", 2013/05/04
- DU research thread into the money trail behind electronic voting - in Georgia for 2002, Diebold hired former Secretary of State Lewis Massey as a lobbyist and Northrop Grumman/Diversified Dynamics hired former Department of Transportation board member Boyd Pettit; Florida lobbyist Sandra Mortham, a former Secretary of State who is close to the Bush family, was an ES&S lobbyist; Jeb Bush was a proponent of upgrading Florida voting machines; in San Bernadino County CA, Diebold hired as a lobbyist Dave Ellis, a campaign consultant to Board of Supervisors chairman Hansberger
- Full copy of Black Box Voting by Bev Harris hosted on the CIA website (part of items from Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad)
- 2017/09/08 Indymedia article that gives the history of many different voting system vendors
- History of election privatization (overlaps with the work of Sheri Leigh Myers; talks about Gary Greenhalgh and R. Doug Lewis along others): Bob Fitrakis, "Are U.S. Elections Legitimate? The History of Electronic Voting", 2018/10/07