Ted Bundy

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Theodore Robert Bundy was a convicted serial killer said to be responsible for dozens of murders across the United States, particularly in the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, and Florida.


Family and early life

Political involvement

Pacific Northwest crimes

Move to Utah

Utah prosecution

Colorado prosecution

Eastward getaway

Chi Omega prosecution

Kimberly Leach prosecution

Death row and execution


Intelligence work

There are many indications that Bundy was some kind of intelligence operative: his interest in Chinese language studies at Stanford University during the late 1960s; serving as driver and bodyguard for Republican lieutenant governor candidate Art Fletcher in 1968 (ed. note: mirroring Philip Arthur Thompson who was a driver and spook operative for Alan May); his work for Republican gubernatorial candidate Dan Evans to do opposition research (including spying on extramarital affairs) on his Democratic opponent Albert Rosellini; studying psychology at the University of Washington, whose faculty like Donald Dudley were known to be involved in mind control programs; stealing the files of patients of Jim McDermott (the losing Democratic primary opponent of Rosellini) at Harborview Hospital with no repercussions; showing an affinity for multiple foreign languages (per Colorado 9th Judicial District Attorney's office files)

Others involved

While it is virtually certain that Ted Bundy was responsible for numerous murders, there is little chance that he was solely responsible for all of the murders attributed to him. Many of them likely involved accomplices in addition to Bundy himself, and some of them may have been entirely the work of others for which Bundy was set up to take the fall. An interesting fact pointing to this possibility is that, as KOMO news reporter Ruth Walsh discovered while doing a series on Bundy's case, suspects in the Seattle murders other than Bundy also subsequently relocated to the same states (Utah and Colorado) where the later murders attributed to Bundy were committed.[1] The movement in unison of multiple suspects from the Pacific Northwest to Utah and Colorado suggests that a group effort was behind these murders from the beginning.

Based on an informant in Seattle's drug scene, the Seattle Police Department appeared to initially be pursuing the lead of a murderous cult being responsible for the murders of the young women. Reports were generated on that lead as late as June 26, 1974. Up until that point, every one of the disappearances had no witnesses, but 3 weeks later, the purported killer committed a brazen attack in broad daylight that created the public perception that one lone madman calling himself "Ted" was responsible for the disappearances. On July 14, 1974 at Lake Sammamish, when and where numerous prominent entities including the Seattle Police Department were having a picnic, Janice Ott and Denise Naslund both vanished after being seen in the company of a young man in a cast going by "Ted". Intended or not, the appearance of a lone killer almost certainly detracted from the cult investigation. "Ted" became the template to search for an individual serial killer who was ultimately identified as Ted Bundy.

Nevertheless, Seattle police continued to compile evidence of occult involvement in the murders into a police file known as File 1004. Several witnesses whose statements ended up in File 1004 reported seeing a man who looked like "Ted" leading satanic cult meetings in the woods. File 1004 was also reported to have made reference to a "Satanic cannibal murder in Montana", likely referring to serial killer Stanley Baker who professed to being part of a Process Church splinter group known as the Four P cult.[2]

With these multiple similar accounts in the Seattle police files, there is a distinct possibility that Ted Bundy was just one high-ranking member of a cult that was behind the disappearances of the young women in the Pacific Northwest. Further backing that up is the account of serial killer Stanley Bernson in Oregon, an open satanist who claimed to have traveled with Bundy, though Bundy denied the assertion.[3]

The circumstances behind the Melissa Smith abduction suggest the involvement others than or in addition to Bundy. An autopsy indicated she had been held captive for multiple days, yet she disappeared on the night of October 18, 1974 and Bundy left on a hunting trip with his fiance's father the next day.

On November 8, 1974, Bundy is purported to have failed to murder Carol DaRonch in Murray UT and then gone to Bountiful UT to murder Debra Kent. The timing of that night, however, makes it virtually impossible for Bundy to have done both crimes. By DaRonch's recollection to police just after her kidnapping, following her arrival at the mall around 7:00 PM, she spent about 10 to 15 minutes inside before meeting her abductor, and spent 20 to 30 minutes with him in total. Thus, she would have escaped her captor sometime between 7:30 and 7:45, and since she was taken to the police station by bystanders just after her escape yet her report was only taken at 8:30, her escape is likely to have occurred closer to 7:45. Meanwhile, the key witness in Bountiful, drama teacher Raelynn Shepherd, first reported seeing the culprit right around 7:45 PM. It ranges from extremely implausible (immediately coming up with a new plan and getting from Murray to Bountiful on a rainy evening, all in 15 minutes) to outright impossible (being in two places at once) for any person, Bundy or otherwise, to be responsible for both attacks that night.

It is quite notable that the Bountiful police's initial suspect was a Park City UT drug dealer named Ronald Dennis Auth. Ron Auth fit witnesses' description of the man at the school in Bountiful, and when the police took Shepard to a restaurant where Auth was the waiter, she gave an adamant identification of him as the man she saw, based on physical appearance, gait, mannerisms, and voice. Auth was subsequently cleared, seemingly on the sole basis of a polygraph exam. Auth appears to have been very well connected in the drug scene; in 1979 he was caught with three other men attempting to transport $390 million worth of Colombian marijuana past Puerto Rico on a shrimp boat that he owned.

The Colorado crimes attributed to Bundy contain some of the starkest indications that Bundy was networked with a larger criminal enterprise in the area. Nearly all of the crimes connect in some way to the drug and prostitution scene in the area around Grand Junction CO that occurred under that city's police chief Ben Meyers. Meyers was formerly police chief in Salem OR before relocating to Grand Junction in 1973 to become their police chief. Interestingly, this movement from the Pacific Northwest to states further inland mirrored the movement of Bundy and the other Seattle suspects who subsequently became suspects in the later murders. During his time in Grand Junction, Meyers was beset by rumors of corruption and a sleazy personal life.

In the murder of Caryn Campbell, the earliest alternate suspect was a man named Hugh Joe Temos. Temos was one of the aforementioned men who was a suspect in the Seattle murders and then also a subsequent murder (that of Campbell) attributed to Bundy. After living in Seattle during the 1974 murders, he was arrested on September 8, 1974, one day after the remains of Ott and Naslund were found, for indecent exposure to a policeman's wife. He then drifted to Colorado, taking up manual labor jobs like dishwashing at various hotels in the Snowmass resort in Aspen CO. During this time, he developed a reputation of violence, especially towards women, and exhibited mental instability, described by one coworker as not "playing with a full deck". Temos worked every single day from January 4, 1975 through January 11, 1975, then happened to be off duty on the 12th, the day that Campbell was murdered. Despite not working at the Wildwood Inn where she was staying, Walsh reported that a witness for law enforcement saw Temos by the Wildwood Inn pool that day. The next day, Temos collected his paycheck and quit, leaving town. He next surfaced at the Roseburg OR city jail, where other inmates described him bursting into spontaneous laughter at empty space and drinking his own urine. Aspen investigators visited Temos there and cleared him on the sole basis of polygraph exams, though no one other than Walsh reported that Temos refused to wear the blood pressure monitor during at least one of them.

It is also quite possible that Temos was deliberately maneuvered into place as a patsy. That would explain why he acted in a way that called substantial attention to himself as a suspect: approaching a Seattle police officer's wife to get arrested for a sex crime just as that region's murders had wound down, then establishing a presence at Snowmass shortly before Caryn Campbell arrived, making an appearance at the inn where she was staying on the day of her murder, and leaving town the next day. Presuming that the same group was responsible for the Pacific Northwest murders before moving to Colorado to begin a spree there, Temos may have been the initial person (before Bundy) intended to be thrown to the proverbial wolves.

Another alternate suspect in Campbell's murder is Meyers himself. Lizabeth Harter, the star witness who saw a suspicious man by a Wildwood Inn elevator where Campbell was last seen, was expected to identify Bundy, but in the pretrial hearing she instead pointed to Pitkin County's then-Undersheriff Meyers despite the fact that Bundy was clearly sitting at the defense table. Her identification of Meyers was universally dismissed as a fluke, but given Meyers's own rumored connection to several murders in Grand Junction CO later that same year, it is possible that he really was the man who Harter saw. As the Grand Junction murders appeared to center around local organized crime activities, that also suggests that if Meyers was involved, Campbell's murder was likely a targeted hit. Her brother Robert Campbell was a police officer in Fort Lauderdale FL, a major center for drug trafficking activity.

Vail CO ski instructor Julie Cunningham, who disappeared on March 15, 1975, may not have been a random victim. She was good friends with the daughter of Salem OR chief of detectives Jim Stovall, who worked directly under Meyers back when Meyers was Salem police chief. In fact, Stovall was the very first officer of the Salem Police Department who Meyers nominated for a national law enforcement award, and the two traveled together to Atlantic City NJ for the ceremony. Eagle County CO, whose county seat is Vail, also happens to be a notable center for the nationwide drug trade. Allen Rivenbark, a drug trafficker who operated from the 1970s until his plane crash death in November 1981, owned the Black Mountain Guest Ranch 30 miles from Vail, which was a hideout for East Coast mob figures and a reported drug distribution point for Rivenbark's network that was based in Fort Lauderdale FL.

Denise Oliverson was the first of many young women to disappear or be murdered in Grand Junction in 1975. All of these crimes were suspected of revolving around the drugs and prostitution activity in the city, in which many officers including police chief Meyers were complicit. Oliverson was known to be a drug user, putting her in at least some contact with the local drug scene.

While Bundy was never officially connected to the case, there are also indications that he was at the scene of a later Grand Junction murder: that of Linda Benson and her young daughter on July 25, 1975. Steve Goad, who lived in the same apartment complex as Benson, saw Bundy on TV one day and immediately recognized him as a man he had seen in the apartment parking lot on the night Benson was killed. DNA ultimately linked serial rapist Jerry Nemnich to Benson's murder, but that does not exclude the possibility of a larger group being responsible, especially given the presence of unidentified DNA samples that Nemnich's defense singled out at trial. Benson was even more enmeshed in the Grand Junction drug scene, to the point where she expressed intimate knowledge of high-level local players' complicity in narcotics trafficking. She was good friends with Linda Miracle, who would be murdered a month later along with neighbor Pat Botham after the two of them resolved to come forward with news that would "shock the whole town".

Bundy's second escape from prison in Colorado, which took him all the way to Tallahassee FL, has multiple indications that it was facilitated by others. He purportedly managed to saw through the ceiling of his cell using a hacksaw without anyone noticing, and a prison informant who heard Bundy moving through the crawlspace in the ceiling made multiple reports but nothing was done. After escaping, he is said to have found a sports car with keys already in the ignition that allowed him to make his escape, and from there managed to hitchhike from Vail to Denver to Chicago (by plane, raising the question of how he bought his ticket) to Atlanta and finally to Tallahassee. When asked later by a Florida interrogator how he got the money to travel across the country after his escape, Bundy responded "Well, man, there’s other people. Other people are in on it."

The massacre at the Chi Omega sorority house in the University of Florida at Tallahassee had very little evidence pointing to Bundy and some pointing away from him. Semen found in the bed of victim Cheryl Thomas belonged to a nonsecretor even though Bundy was known to be a secretor. Jurors in Bundy's trial seemed unaware of the significance of this testimony, with one stating "To me, the evidence said he was a nonsecretor, and it fit right in" and another admitting "I really didn’t pay too much attention to that".[1] This may have been due to an ineffective defense by Bundy's attorneys, questionable juror selection (picked with the help of Atlanta hypnotist Emil Spillman, who served in the Marines during the Korean War and was an apparent colleague of CIA hypnotist William Joseph Bryan), or some combination thereof. The lynchpin of the state's case was bite mark evidence on the buttocks of one victim that was said to match Bundy's teeth, but that evidence was extremely dubious. The prosecution experts matched the purported bite marks to a cast of Bundy's teeth taken in prison, but when the cast was taken, Bundy had a chip in his tooth that he had made after the Chi Omega murders.[4] The judge refused to admit testimony and photographic evidence demonstrating this at trial. If the bite mark matched the state of Bundy's teeth after the murders took place, then it is likely that the bite mark did not even exist at the time of the murders itself, and was instead fabricated based on the cast of Bundy's teeth.

1975 Grand Junction murders

Political connections

Republican Party

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 People, "The Enigma of Ted Bundy: Did He Kill 18 Women? Or Has He Been Framed?", 1980/01/07
  2. Spokane Daily Chronicle (from Associated Press), "Police File Hints at Ties With Occult", 1976/02/03
  4. Tallahassee Magazine, "An Extra-Ordinary Joe", 2012/07/20: "Yet while prosecutors used the bite marks to put Bundy at the scene of the murders, Aloi says he personally knew the evidence was faulty. That’s because before the trial, when Aloi told Bundy that investigators were going to make an impression of his teeth, “he broke his tooth off right in front of me” using the metal return bar from the typewriter. Bundy told him, “Now let them figure that out.” During his testimony, Souviron matched that gap in Bundy’s teeth to the photograph. But, says Aloi, “Of course it couldn’t be, because I saw him make the gap.”"

External links

  • True crime overviews
    • The Stranger Beside Me by Ann Rule (1980) - PDF here
    • The Only Living Witness by Stephen Michaud and Hugh Aynesworth (1983)
  • KOMO, "Ted Bundy - The Mystery", 1979 (FLV video) (WorldCat page) ("Programmed To Kill/Satanic Cover-Up Part 202 (Ted Bundy - OTHER SUSPECTS)", 2020/06/28) - producer, writer, and reporter is Ruth Walsh; executive producer is Jim Harriott; cameraman and editor is Rich Crew
    • Description for entry to the Peabody Awards: "For over four years, the circumstances surrounding mass-murder suspect, Ted Bundy, have been the subject of in-depth investigation by reporter Walsh. Bundy is a former Seattle resident -- his notoriety began in connection with the murders and disappearances of eight young women in the Seattle area. For the most part, in the print and electronic media, Bundy was convicted before the trial on purely circumstantial evidence. He is on the FBI's 10 Most Wanted list, suspected of over 32 murders. Walsh, over the years, through contact with Bundy, his family, his lawyers, his prosecutors, law enforcement officials, and years re-reading every court transcript, police document, and psychiatric report done in connection with the murder cases, uncovered substantial evidence of at least five other men with the same incriminating circumstantial evidence. This five-part investigative series was shown during our seven-week coverage, from Miami, of Ted Bundy's first murder trial. Also included as part of the 'Bundy Story' are three of the daily reports (3 a day), sent by satellite back to Seattle, Washington, about the longest distance possible in this country for local coverage!"
  • People, "The Enigma of Ted Bundy: Did He Kill 18 Women? Or Has He Been Framed?", 1980/01/07
    • "Previously, while researching a five-part series on Bundy, Walsh discovered that seven other men could be linked circumstantially with some or all of Bundy’s alleged crimes. “There are five possible ‘Teds’ in the Seattle area alone,” she says. The list includes a convicted sex offender who was living in Seattle at the time of the murders there. He then moved to Aspen, where he took a job at Snowmass, the resort where victim Caryn Campbell was staying. His co-workers remember him as violent, especially toward women. He didn’t show up for work on the day Campbell was murdered; the next day he picked up his paycheck and left town. (Subsequently he was given a lie detector test and passed.)"
    • "Walsh also learned that another suspect in the Seattle slayings was living in Salt Lake City at the time of the DaRonch kidnapping. Later convicted of shooting a woman to death, the suspect owned a gun and handcuffs and matched DaRonch’s description of her abductor—dark, slicked-down hair and a mustache. “The thing that makes me want solid proof against Bundy is that we have uncovered these other people,” says Walsh. “They fit the pattern of evidence and description in an almost uncanny way.”"
  • Law enforcement documents
    • Seattle Police Department, case 74-031075 (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) (archive)
      • installment 1: on p.30 has the 1974/07/03 statement of former Medford OR policewoman Sylvia Wahl mentioning a cult in Kirkland WA involving college-aged girls; she was approached by a girl driving a beige or yellow Volkswagen, which had two other girls as passengers, and asked to come to a meeting with them; when asked what kind of meeting, the driver said words that sounded like a chant, and inside the car, there was a wooden box which one of the passengers said contained an altar; the conversation led Wahl to believe that this group was a cult; the meeting was going to be on 13 Lake Street or 31 Lake Street; for whatever reason this document ended up in the Missing Girl File; on p.181 introduces a former roommate and good friend of Bundy's named John Muller; on p.182 says that Muller was partners in a diving venture with someone named Stan, who drowned a month ago and whose possessions subsequently ended up in a garage used by Bundy; notes that Muller went to Australia shortly after Stan's death; on p.185 says that Muller's wallet had a "private guard license" inside; on p.186-187 interviews James Doros who knew Bundy through his friend Muller; quotes Doros as saying that he and Stan Nielsen took over Northwest Marine Collectors from Jim Styres and John Muller in May 1975; puts the diving accident with Nielsen in August 1975 and says that his body had not been found; has Doros say that Muller had gone to Australia to work security for the State Department, and he did not know whether or not it was a CIA assignment; on p.190 has Val O'Donald of McChord AFB say that Muller was stationed at Alice Springs in Australia to provide support for Operation Deep Freeze in Antarctica; on p.192 names Muller as John Edward Muller, who claims that he met Bundy in August 1973, didn't associate much with him, and last saw him in September 1974 when Bundy left for Utah
      • installment 2: on p.5 it is mentioned that as of 1975/10/06 Bundy knew Ann Rule was writing a book; on p.158 there is a Seattle police interview with Michael Leach a.k.a. Kelly in October 1975 about his knowledge of cult activity and possible connections to the missing girls: "Officers brought KELLY into homicide office on information they received that Homicide wanted to talk to him about the missing girls in the U district and info he may have about the Cults. This started about a year ago when KELLY was somehow involved in narcotics, and two Det who he believes were a Frank & Dan Stokey, at this time Kelly states he went to the two Det and told them that he Met a man who he learned to know but had ill feelings about, and did not trust, they met at a bar and this man told him about persons who were involved in the cult activity and were looking for organic Mescaline. A short time later he met another person who told him the same story, and told him that they wanted approx 500 hits. This last person was a black guy by the name of Alex, Andrew who later raped a girl in U dist and has not been seen since. A few days later he was with his friend in a tavern who pointed out two of the persons wanting the drugs, they went and talked to them and talked about the price. A appointment was arranged to meet them at a later date to give them a sample of the drugs, and to see if he could find out anything about the missing girls. The meeting place was the Eastlake zoo tavern, he went there but the people did not show. Kelly cannot remember names, stated he has been in Seattle the last year, that about every day he is in LEE'S BAR in the U District drinking."
      • installment 3: on p.22-23 there is a mention of case 74-138 about a woman accusing a Seattle police officer of raping her, which the department denies
      • installment 4: on p.13 a woman being interviewed about Bundy refers to "two separate Teds or schizophrenic personality"; on p.20 in the interview transcript of her it mentions that Ann Rule had already, as of 1975 when the interview happened, "written a whole book on the missing girls"; on p.34 a Salt Lake County Sheriff's Office homicide investigator mentions collaborating with Mike Fisher of the Pitkin County District Attorney's Office, Sgt. Bill Baldridge from the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office, and Milo Vig of Grand Junction CO from the Mesa County Sheriff's Office; on p.61 mentions Det. Dave Reichert of the King County Sheriff's Office being involved in a 1989 search for remains of Bundy's victims; on p.86 details an informant on 1974/06/26 giving information to Det. F.L. Roesler about the missing girls: the bodies of the girls were "all hacked up" at an unknown location, the girls were killed during the cult's religious rites, the cult purchased hallucinogenic drugs from the informant to use during their rites, they had a house on Capitol Hill and one in the Fremont area, a woman named Joanne with a history of mental illness who lived on 12th Avenue N.E. near the University District was taken by the cult but made so much noise that they let her go, the informant was planning to meet a cult member at Fat Albert's Tavern on Eastlake Ave. E. at 8 PM on that date to arrange the sale of hallucinogenic mushrooms, the informant believed another girl would be kidnapped soon; Roesler believed the informant's information was good; on p.142 William Hugh Parry (born in Chicago IL in 1947), a former US Army serviceman and University of Washington philosophy major who lived near Lake Sammamish, was mentioned as offering several Capitol Hill women escort jobs to persuade them to get into the car with him; on p.145 mentions a request to the Los Angeles authorities for more information on William Hugh Parry
      • installment 5: on p.135-136 there is a 1976/02/04 letter from Dodie Etlinger of Boise ID: in late February 1975 she was approached by two girls trying to lure her to a house while a car with three man pulled up to oversee, her husband was a journalist who worked with Ken Matthews on the Thomas Creech case and she remembered him discussing similar tactics, as a Post Intelligencer journalist her husband also received a call from a University Hospital security guard in 1974 claiming that a young man there who worked as a janitor and had a friend in the cast room would go by the name Ted "when he wanted to make time with the girls" and later quit and "went east of the Cascades to work in the wheat harvest"
      • installment 6: on p.73-81 there is the Murray City Police Department report about the Carol DaRonch abduction: report was taken at 8:30 PM, on p.76 she says she arrived at the mall around 7:00 PM and was inside 10 to 15 minutes before meeting her abductor outside, on p.80 she says she spent 20 to 30 minutes with her abductor in total, and on p.80 she says she was picked up by witnesses who took her to the police station after getting free, allowing us to conclude that DaRonch likely escaped her captor closer to 7:45 PM which would give him about 15 minutes to reach the high school in Bountiful
      • installment 7: on p.6 is a letter from Susan Roller to the Seattle police chief on 2017/07/18 claiming that there was "a cover up of the Ted Bundy cases in general and in particular relative to the findings at Taylor Mountain", asserting that crime scenes were unprotected and evidence was ignored or destroyed while people "were allowed to profit from the case"; on p.7 Roller asserts that Robert Keppel, whose book Riverman shaped public opinion on the Bundy case, spread misinformation about the Bundy dump sites which hid the fact that he was already an "experienced serial killer" in 1974; on p.12 Roller claims that "law enforcement agencies in WA" ("from the Attorney General Office to the Seattle and King County police") "acted in concert" to hide this misinformation; also claims that in Issaquah where the remains of Janice Ott and Denise Naslund were located, other unidentified remains were also found; on p.16-20 it is noted that the Taylor Mountain site, which Keppel (whose name is on all the investigative reports) claimed was just a dumping ground, had items like chemical bottles and a proximity to abandoned houses indicating that Bundy took refuge there to plan his crimes; on p.23 the case number for the Taylor Mountain investigation is given as 75-29267; on p.54-55 there are documents mentioning "VORTMAN, MARLIN L" and linking him to the addresses "3510 W. ELMORE 201 SEATTLE, WA. 98199", "1220 IBM BLDG SEATTLE, WA. 98101", and "3814 NE. LATONA SEA, WA." as well as "LINCOLN NATIONAL LIFE"; on p.85 is a circled article about three men kidnapping two girls in Bang Saen, Thailand for Chinese millionaire "Sia Klueng"
    • Thurston County Sheriff's Office, case 74-3868-3, 1974/03 - on p.78 are police notes about the Institute of Insight a.k.a. Silva Mind Control International (almost certainly what Ann Rule refers to as Thought Power Inc. / the Institute of ESP), noting that it has an instructor named Jean d'VereVuere, mentioning how they checked into its business license, and stating that it formerly was but no longer is a franchise of parent organization Silva Mind Control; on p.80 are the Institute's registered agents: president Jean d'Vere Vuere of Olympia WA, vice president Bruce Kerkow of Tacoma WA, secretary Mary Pease (an X-ray technician) of Tumwater WA, and treasurer Ann Conaway of Montesano WA; on p.81 are the Institute's directors: Ted Mulholland of Tacoma WA, John D. Palmer of Lacey WA, Leon Stith of Auburn WA, and Virginia L. Nichols of Lacey WA; on p.161-162 is a 1974/04/05 account by a hitchhiker describing how the person who picked them up (later identified as Rex E. Jordan of Olympia WA, a "doper with a burned out mind") told him "Thurston County was a weird place", asked if he had heard about "Manson and Potter", and stated that "the police didn't know half of the facts"; on p.162 there is a mention of the fact that known sex offender Jack Kyle Silva was in the area on the day of Donna's disappearance, documented as writing a check that bounced; on p.175 it is stated that Donna was pursuing a college project on "magic-sorcery-withcraft" and was referred to Richard Allan Miller a.k.a. Rick Miller (of Seattle) at the University of Washington experimental college as an advisor; on p.256 is a list of alleged facts about Donna including having a case of venereal disease, doing personal writings that exhibit "an unusual interest in death as well as magic, the occult and alchemy", having a boyfriend in Spain, and being a frequent user of LSD; on p.318 is a 1975/02/03 overview of oddities in Donna's personal notebook, including a mention of someone named "Gimli" with a "broken hand cast" (ed. note: like the one that Bundy reportedly used to solicit victims); on p.325 is a report of a 1974/05/30 sighting of Donna in Vancouver accompanied by a "hippy type"; on p.357 is a 1974/04/05 statement by Lyle Edward Manson in which he states how John Daugert told him that Hank Adams, an affiliate of the Indian Movement or himself a Native America, related his belief that Donna was mixed up in the SLA through an Evergreen College acquaintance named Dave Clinger; on p.366 is a 1974/04/03 statement by Deanna Ray, where she mentions how Carol Spence at Evergreen had referred Donna to someone at UW (ed. note: Rick Miller) to help her on her occult study project, and describes how much Donna "really liked death"; on p.419 is a phone number of someone in the 92d Bomb Wing at Fairchild AFB, which appears to have been found in Donna's possessions; on p.498 is a 1974/08/01 supplemental report describing how Donna was seen at a recent party on O'Brien Road with members of a motorcycle gang known as "The Tribe"; on p.515 is a 1984/06/14 statement by Sandy Smithson, the sister of another Bundy victim Susan Elaine Rancourt who is identified as a member of the Thurston County sheriff's reserves and a part-time security guard at The Evergreen State College, in which she claims to have "extra-sensory powers"; on p.529 is a 1974/05/24 letter about how two witnesses gave a ride to a girl who resembled Donna and mentioned a "Ted" whom she was staying with (ed. note: this was nearly 2 months before a man with the name "Ted" became known as a suspect in the disappearances of young women); on p.603-605 is an account by an unknown witness who was acquainted with a man named Steve Brown: they were told by Brown that he was in the dope business with a friend from Tacoma named Ted Bundy, on one occasion they met a girl from Olympia who was with Brown and Bundy and was said by Brown to have venereal disease, Brown told them that he was upset about a bad dope deal and mentioned a construction site which the witness believed was an allusion to where Brown and Bundy buried the body of someone from that dope deal, and Brown was departing for Washington DC; on p.621 is Tacoma News Tribune, "Bundy aided in escape, official says", 1978/05/02 in which Glenwood Springs/Aspen DA Frank Tucker claimed that Bundy had help in his escape and indictments could be forthcoming (ed. note: this never materialized)
    • Multi-agency (including Seattle Police Department) files on the 1974/07/14 murders of Denise Naslund and Janice Ott at Lake Sammamish
    • Bountiful Police Department, case on Debra Jean Kent disappearance, 1974
    • Pitkin County Sheriff's Office, case 75-0078, 1975
    • Colorado 9th Judicial District Attorney's Office, case on Caryn Campbell murder, 1975-77
    • Grand Junction Police Department, case on Denise Lynn Oliverson disappearance, 1975
  • Political connections of Bundy
    • From p.163 of The Only Living Witness: "Outwardly, however, Ted was still the young Republican. He wrote friends that he could not believe what had happened (which was true) and how he looked forward to the system working to correct its error. This was the Ted that they all remembered, the one for whom a “Ted Bundy Defense Fund” was immediately established. Something over $4,000 was almost immediately raised, and major contributors included Marlin and Sheila Vortman as well as Ralph Munro [the Washington Secretary of State involved in the VoteHere company]."
    • From p.4 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "In March of 73 Liz notices a 4" bladed knife in her glovebox. Bundy claims that Vortman (an attorney in Seattle) gave it to him."
    • Marlin Vortman background
      • Attorney bios for Vortman & Feinstein: "Marlin L. Vortman began his professional career with the systems engineering division of the Boeing Company’s Developmental Center. He later worked for a local mechanical engineering firm before accepting a commission in the US Army in 1966. In the early 70’s, Marlin worked with Washington Governor Daniel J. Evans to revise the state’s tax structure. He advised the Washington State Legislature’s House Republican Caucus and was later assistant legal counsel to the Senate Republican Caucus. Marlin began his legal career defending small businesses who were being sued because of a product they manufactured or a service they provided. Marlin then worked for ten years with one of Seattle’s foremost real estate attorneys, representing local real estate professionals and their Multiple Listing Service. Marlin went on to develop his own general business practice serving closely held business, trade associations, medical and other professionals."
      • 1981/03/17 letter by Vortman concerning an annual report while working at Keller, Rohrback, Waldo, Hiscock, Butterworth & Fardal
    • Aspen Times Weekly, "Evidence represents Ted Bundy’s time in the Roaring Fork Valley", 2019/03/28: "Among the items in storage at the DA’s Office in Glenwood Springs [...] in the boxes of documents is a detailed report about Bundy’s escape from the jail in Glenwood Springs. Included is a lengthy inventory of the stuff he left behind in his cell after he broke out. Among the legal documents and texts, food items like vegetable protein powder and clothing was a large collection of books. They included “Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas” and “Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail ’72” by Hunter S. Thompson, the Woody Creek writer who lost the 1970 Pitkin County sheriff’s race to Carroll Whitmire, the man who occupied the Sheriff’s Office when Bundy committed the Snowmass Village murder. [...] Bundy apparently received several Christmas cards during the winter of 1977, including one, oddly enough, from Sheriff Dick Kienast and the Pitkin County Sheriff’s Office. The cards were saved as evidence in a manila envelope and tucked in among the boxes of evidence."
  • Ann Rule - a potential handler of Bundy
    • From p.37 of The Stranger Beside Me: "We might never have met at all. Logically, statistically, demographically, the chance that Ted Bundy and I should meet and become fast friends is almost too obscure to contemplate. We have lived in the same states at the same time—not once but many times—but the ten years between our ages precluded our meeting for many years."
  • Stephen Michaud and Hugh Aynesworth
    • Biography of Stephen G. Michaud on his own website: "A Vermont native, raised in the Pacific Northwest, he graduated with a bachelor's degree in history from Stanford in 1970, assuming at the time he would go on to law school. Instead, Michaud migrated from Palo Alto to New York City, where he took what he believed was a temporary job as a research assistant in the Newsweek magazine library. Three years later, while on assignment to the magazine's Houston bureau, he reported his first major crime story, the so-called "Candy Man" serial murders of 30 young men and boys. [...] [After joining Business Week in 1977 he] was about to make another major career move -- to Tokyo, for McGraw-Hill World News -- when Ted Bundy fell into his lap, figuratively. "I received a call from my agent," he remembers, "who told me that Bundy was interested in cooperating on a book. Ted, who lawmen suspected in as many as 150 murders from Seattle to Miami, adamantly insisted he was innocent on all counts, which seemed a dubious proposition. Nevertheless, I was intrigued at the possibility he could be telling the truth, and that a thorough re-investigation of his case might prove that. "Without giving the project much more thought, I canceled Japan and quit Business Week. I also induced my onetime mentor at Newsweek, Hugh Aynesworth, to join me in the project. I would interview Bundy on Death Row while Hugh, one of the very best investigative reporters around, would undertake a complete review of the evidence against Bundy." Michaud and Aynesworth quickly came to two realizations: Bundy was guilty as hell and he had no intention of admitting it, at least not openly. However, they did see a possible way to finesse the situation. Although Bundy was not ready to say, "I did it," he clearly wanted to discuss himself and what he'd done. So Michaud offered him a way to do that, to "speculate" about the murders, and the person who committed them, in the third-person. "Ted jumped at the suggestion," Michaud recalls."

Life background

  • From p.184 of Programmed to Kill:

        Theodore Robert Bundy was yet another serial killer whose parentage remains obscured. He entered this world in 1946 at the Elizabeth Lund Home for unwed mothers and he was promptly abandoned there for three months by his mother, Eleanor Cowell. He was raised to believe that his mother’s father, Sam Cowell, was his father as well, which he may in fact have been. Chronicler Ann Rule has written that the identity of Ted’s real father was unknown outside of the family, and that he was a “shadowy man whose real identity grows more blurred with every year that passes…” Throughout his life, Bundy described his church deacon father/grandfather in glowing terms, while other family members have characterized him as a horrendously violent and abusive man who terrorized his family and was sadistic to animals. Sam Cowell’s own brothers reportedly stated on numerous occasions that somebody should kill him to spare others further misery.
        In October 1950, Ted’s mother began calling herself Louise and legally changed her son’s name from Theodore Robert Cowell to Theodore Robert Nelson—for no discernable reason. The next year, she married Johnnie Culpepper Bundy and changed Ted’s name once again. Johnnie, a former Navy man and a member of a large clan of Tacoma Bundys, was employed at—of all places—a military hospital at a joint Army/Air Force complex. Ted attended Woodrow Wilson High School in Tacoma, Washington—at least according to his former classmates he did. That cannot be verified, however, since all records of Bundy’s enrollment there have strangely disappeared. After graduation, he worked for a municipal electric utility.
  • Allegation that Thomas Dowling Carr / Thomas D. Carr / Thomas Carr was Bundy's father
    • Part 3 of the FBI vault files on Bundy - allegations were made by Thomas's daughter Janla N. Carr in 1991; after noting that Bundy's mother Louise claimed Bundy's biological father was known to her by the name Jack Worthington, it relates Janla's claim that her father told Louise his name was either Lloyd Nelson or Jack Worthington; Janla accuses Bundy of multiple crimes: pushing a little girl into the path of a train at West Park in Pittsburgh PA during the mid 1950s, stealing a car in Tacoma WA and driving i to Pittsburgh at age 14 or 15, having him confess in 1970 at a party in Pittsburgh to a Tacoma murder and a 1969 New Jersey turnpike murder, and being in Pittsburgh in 1970 when a coed turned up stabbed to death; it is noted that the photograph of Thomas "bears a resemblance to published photographs of Ted Bundy"; elsewhere calls Janla by the name Janla D. Carr; notes that Janla claims her father once introduced Louise as "Aunt Eleanor"; on p.40-41 has Janla Carr claim that both her father and Bundy himself had "hypnotized" her to forget about the family connection
    • Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, "Grieving father, fatal obsessions", 1998/01/30 (pages 1, 10): "Thomas Carr gave Pittsburgh homicide detectives a torn piece of newspaper, 19 years old, with his daughter's troubled scrawling on it. The mostly indecipherable note written by Janla Carr told of some unidentified man looking at her strangely. That proved his daughter had been murdered, the Squirrel Hill man first told detectives nearly a year ago and many times since. Patiently, repeatedly, detectives told Carr that such was not the case. Janla, who had a lengthy history of mental illness, had probably committed suicide eight days after her 45th birthday by putting herself in the path of a train in Oakland. If not a suicide, they told him, it had been an accident. [...] On Wednesday, inside the Wal-Mart in Cranberry, Carr, 84, told his tale to a cellular telephone salesman throughout the day. Shortly thereafter, he took off a tassel cap, walked near the cash registers, drew a handgun, pointed it to his chest and pulled the trigger. [...] Wounded, he fired two more shots into his chest. [...] Janla Carr and her father had what friends characterized for police as a "love-hate" relationship. Janla Carr would tell her friends that her father had abused both her and her mother, who died of cancer about five years ago. Yet Thomas Carr, who told police he was a retired U.S. Postal Service supervisor, paid for the apartment Janla Carr kept in a former mansion in the 5100 block of Fifth Avenue, Oakland. [...] Janla Carr, who had suffered with mental illness for years and had numerous stays in Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, graduated from college but held no job. [...] Late on the night of Jan. 31, 1997 [...] The woman had been killed instantly. It was Janla Carr. [...] "He would point his anger in different directions, one tirfie.at'his neighbors, another time he would be angry at us and other times he would be angry at some nebulous government agency," Freeman said. [...] On Tuesday, Carr went to the Butler Eagle newspaper office and told an employee that he wanted to talk about his daughter's death, that he tried to get Pittsburgh police interested in it but he no longer trusted them. He said her murder involved a top political aide of a gubernatorial candidate. Carr, who said he was on the run, was referred to Post-Gazette reporter Dennis B. Roddy. The next day, Wednesday, [...] Carr walked about 20 yards away, out of Hengelsberg's line of vision. And then the first shot was fired."
    • North Hills News Record, "Suicide comes year after daughter's death", 1998/01/30: "The Pittsburgh man who shot himself Wednesday in front of employees and customers at the Wal-Mart in Cranberry did so just short of the first anniversary of his daughter's death. Thomas D. Carr talked to several people in the store, including a cellular telephone salesman claiming that his daughter was murdered and the same people were after him. [...] Although Janla Carr had a home, Marraway described her as eccentric. "I believe she had some psychological problems," Marraway said. "She had been in the hospital for psychological problems." There was no indication that Carr. 84, had psychological problems, according to Cranberry police Cpl. David Lewis. "When talking to the family, they were shocked at the occurrence," Lewis said. He said Carr has a sister who lives out of state. [...] Lewis added that police do not know where Carr got the gun he used to shoot himself and it is not registered. [...] Carr claimed he was the victim of FBI and police conspiracies, according to Hengelsberg. "It sounded like something on 'Miami Vice,'" Hengelsberg said Wednesday after the shooting."
  • Political and espionage career
  • AryanEmpires Infinity series on Bundy intelligence connections
  • Time in Pennsylvania in 1969 - after which Bundy returns to Washington state; it also happens to be the case that Pennsylvania native Hugh Temos first started drifting across the western US in 1969
    • More Than The Curve, "Serial Killer Ted Bundy Once Lived in Lafayette Hill", 2019/01/25: "We are not sure how we never heard this before, but today there is an article on PhillyVoice.com about the Netflix documentary series Conversations with a Killer: The Ted Bundy Tapes that mentions that Ted Bundy lived briefly with his grandparents in Lafayette Hill. According to the book, The Bundy Murders: A Comprehensive History, he lived on South Warner Road in Lafayette Hill for a month prior to starting at Temple University in January of 1969. To attend Temple he moved across the country from Washington state (he had previously been born in Philadelphia and lived in the city for three years prior to his family moving to Washington). According to the same book, many involved in the Bundy case believe he made the drastic move in an effort to quelch the desires he had developed, but not acted on, in Washington. Bundy only stayed at Temple for several months. He was back in Washington in the spring of 1969. During his period he claims to have killed two women."
    • Press of Atlantic City, "Ted Bundy possible suspect in '69 parkway murders, author claims", 2019/05/28: "[Bundy] was never connected to what has been dubbed the “coed murders” — the double homicide of Elizabeth Perry and Susan Davis. [...] Perry, of Excelsior, Minnesota, and Davis, of Camp Hill, Pennsylvania, both students at Monticello Junior College in Godfrey, Illinois, visited Ocean City for several days over the Memorial Day holiday in 1969. On Friday, May 30, after the holiday, they left to meet Davis’ family in Camp Hill for a road trip to Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, for Davis’ brother’s graduation. They left the Syben House, a rooming house on Ninth Street, at 4:30 a.m., hoping to beat traffic. They stopped at the Somers Point Diner for an early breakfast, and it was the last time they were seen alive. [...] The next day, Davis and Perry’s fathers reported them missing when they didn’t make it to Camp Hill. The two men, described in Press accounts as wealthy executives, rented a helicopter to fly the route the women would have taken. [...] The following Monday, June 2, the bodies of Perry and Davis were found 20 feet from each other in the “secluded underbrush” off the parkway just inside the border of Egg Harbor Township. [...] Bundy, a student at Temple University at the time, had “ample opportunity” to scope out the area, Barth said, adding he interviewed at least two people who claimed they saw a man that holiday weekend who matched Bundy’s description. [...] After Bundy was executed, forensic psychologist Dr. Arthur Norman revealed to Bill Kelly, a writer for Ocean City’s SandPaper in 1989, that Bundy admitted to killing Perry and Davis during one of their sessions."

Occult connections

  • Connection to the Seattle murders
    • From p.186-187 of Programmed to Kill: "Along with the proliferation of missing girls, the Pacific Northwest was grappling with another emerging problem in the spring of 1974: an abundance of what are referred to as ‘cattle mutilations.’ While conspiracy theories attempting to explain this phenomenon abound, such theories frequently involving UFOs and alien experimentation, many police investigators and independent researchers have linked these occurrences to local satanic cult activity."
    • Spokane Daily Chronicle (from Associated Press), "Police File Hints at Ties With Occult", 1976/02/03 (also called "POLICE FILE HINTS AT THE OCCULT" in a Henry Makow article): "A Satanic cannibal murder in Montana [possibly Stanley Baker], animals found skinned and missing their vital organs, and disappearances of Northwest women all play a part in the mystery of Seattle Police File 1004. Police interest in the occult, witchcraft and satanism has been stimulated by the mysterious slayings of several Washington and Oregon women and by the ravings of a murderer in Idaho. That plus the Charles Manson legend and a new wave of animal mutilations have caused a host of hysterical tipsters, officers say. The disappearance of the women—one of them in the company of the mysterious "Ted"—has filled File 1004 with citizen suspicions of a deadly occult connection, police say. Several tipsters said they'd seen men who looked like "Ted" and had held cult meetings, talked of the occult, talked about devil worship, worshipped rattlesnakes or set up strange shrines in the forest. With hindsight, some of the tips turned out to be laughable. The shrine in the forest was the work of a backwood sculptor. A "devil mask" was a piece of model airplane wing. A strange red and orange symbol on a tree turned out to be a forestry sign. But file 1004 continued to grow. A witch involved in "white magic" was said to know of a black magic group on the east side which had used the missing women in a sex ritual. Another advanced a theory that "Ted" was a Jesus freak who traveled to South America, studied Inca religions in which an ancient god returned to earth with a wounded wing, Ted's broken arm, and was forced to sacrifice victims on a high altar. None of the tips panned out, police say. There was a haunting resemblance between several of the missing women, whose photos revealed them as having long hair, parted in the middle. Some said they looked like sisters. Could they have been hand-picked for ritual death? And why, when the remains of four of them were discovered on Taylor Mountain last March, were there only skulls and skull bones found, officials wonder. Within weeks of the skull discoveries, an Idaho murder suspect, 24-year-old Thomas Creech, began talking to authorities from his jail cell. He said he had witnessed the ritualistic slaying of several women in King County by a motorcycle gang of Satan worshippers. At least the innocuous portions of his bloody story were true. There was a house in South King Couty like the one he described as the site of cult killings, and several of the individuals he named did exist. And human blood was found in one of the rooms in the house, although Seattle Police Homicide Capt. Herb Swindler said the room was too small for the kind of hideous ceremonies Creech described. But the bizarre events continue, and File 1004 continues to grow. Is the occult involved? "I've never known," said Swindler. "I don't know now.""
    • The Daily Chronicle (Centralia WA), "Seattle police investigating witchcraft", 1976/02/03: "[...] and missing their vital organs, to disappearances of Northwest women all play a part in the mystery of Seattle Police File 1004. Police interest in the occult, witchcraft and satanism has been stimulated by the mysterious slayings of several Washington and Oregon women and by the ravings of a murderer in Idaho. That plus the Charles Mansco [Manson?] legend and a new wave of animal mutilations have caused a host of hysterical tipsters, officers say." plus "[...] of them in the company of the mysterious "Ted" filled file 1004 with citizen suspicions of a deadly occult connection, police say. Several tipsters said they'd seen men who looked like "Ted" and had held cult meetings, talked of the occult, talked about devil worship, worshipped rattlesnakes or set op strange shrines in the forest. With hindsight, some of the tips turned out to be laughable. The shrine in the forest was the work of a bickwood [?] sculptor. A "devil mask" was a piece of forestry sign. But file 1004 continued to grow."
    • From p.48-49 of The Only Living Witness:

          In the absence of any concrete leads as to "Ted's" identity, many north westerners thought the answer would be found in occultism or Satan worship, which enjoy small but ardent followings around Seattle. One rumor given broad currency was that “Ted” had been a Jesus freak gone insane after a trip to South America. The theory was that “Ted” believed himself to be the reincarnation of a broken-winged Inca bird god.
          Herb Swindler wasn't buying anything so outrageous, but neither was the frustrated investigator above checking out the occult angle. Working quietly and, for the most part, alone, he put together what became File 1004, a dossier on area occultism. In the end, the effort led him no closer to “Ted”, but in the absence of anything more substantive to go on, he felt obliged to try.
    • p.189 of Programmed to Kill has a slightly different quote from Michaud: "Chronicler Michaud, however, offered a different take: “occultism or Satan worship [are] creeds that local police say have long found a small but ardent following of practitioners around Seattle.”"
    • From p.198 of The Stranger Beside Me: "Seattle Police had a file on occult happenings, File 1004. Reports came in to the beleaguered Task Force—reports from people who thought they'd seen “Ted” at cult gatherings. In any case with such widespread publicity, a number of “kooks” will surface, advancing theories that make an ordinary person's hair stand up on the back of his neck. There were totally unsubstantiated rumors that the missing and murdered girls had been sacrificed and their headless bodies dumped, weighted, into the almost bottomless waters of Lake Washington."
    • From p.111 of The Only Living Witness: "An odd-shaped piece of paper was found near the Issaquah hillside, and promptly there was speculation that it was a ceremonial mask. The “mask” turned out to be a wing cover for a model airplane. Many people were convinced that a virulent offshoot of the Charles Manson family had moved to the Seattle area and had begun a new reign of terror led by “Ted.”"
    • The Oregonian, "SATANISM AT ROOTS OF INMATE'S ELABORATE ESCAPE PLOT? SYMBOLS OF DEVIL WORSHIP RAISE UMATILLA SUSPICIONS", 1988/04/01: "The suggestion of satanism caught Donald D. Yokom of Pendleton, Bernson's court-appointed attorney on the escape charges, by surprise. ``I haven't heard anything of that,'' he said Wednesday. ``This is the first time anybody suggested that to me.'' But Carey said satanism crops up occasionally in criminal cases around the Northwest. ``We have definitely seen it in some homicides,'' the sheriff said. ``I think we're underestimating it. . . . I think it plays a far bigger role than we've understood in the past.'' Bernson is a former Tri-Cities, Wash., produce salesman who once bragged of traveling with Seattle serial killer Theodore Bundy, who is on death row in Florida. Bernson has been in jail for nearly 2 years, awaiting trial for the Dec. 22, 1978, murder of 15-year-old Sharon Weber at Cold Springs Reservoir near Hermiston. [...] According to testimony last year by former cellmates, Bernson bragged that he and Ted Bundy traveled together. Bundy was investigated, though never charged, in a string of murders in Washington state of college-age women in the mid-1970s. Six bodies eventually were found. Bundy has steadfastly denied any involvement in those killings."
    • "Programmed To Kill/Satanic Cover-Up Part 92 (Ted Bundy - Serial Killer - Occult & Satanism)", 2018/02/05 - has "Mad Dog" McKenna, a purported Hand of Death member, being interviewed by Gerald John Schaefer about how he taught Bundy about Satanism in 1973 and how Bundy sent a map to a cave where he tortured women; discusses how Bundy incinerated victims' bodies, raising the possibility that others were involved; points out the resignation of Ben Meyers after Bundy escaped from his Colorado prison
    • Fatal Visions No. 17, "AMERICA'S CULT OF DEATH: THE HAND OF DEATH" by G.J. Schaefer - claims that Bundy was driven to commit his crimes due to his involvement in Satanism; says that "South African adventuress" Molly von Heydreich was researching the Hand of Death, contacted Kenneth McKenna, and learned from him about Ted Bundy's cave where he tortured his victims; claims that practitioners of Palo Mayombe had stolen the remains of Denise Naslund from a police morgue and brought them to the mountains of northern Mexico; also claims that Bundy's hair was taken by Pauli Valentino, a member of the squad that prepared Bundy for execution who realized its value to the Satanic underground, and that Bundy's ashes were hidden in the Gainesville FL home of University of Florida employee Michael Radelet; says that in 1993 von Heydreich learned from McKenna that Bundy followed a branch of Satanism associated with some of Charles Manson's followers; claims that McKenna ordered the murder of von Heydreich through the satanic underground after she betrayed his confidence by publishing what he told her; mentions two books on Bundy links to Satanism: Ted Bundy's Butchered Beauties by Molly von Heydreich circulated by Justice Now in Columbus GA and the upcoming The Horrors of Bundy's Cave by G.J. Schaefer
    • Criminology Australia Vol. 6 No. 3, "Social control and the violation of human rights: the relationship between sociological variables and serial murder", 1995/02: "A further important influence on Bundy in a subcultural context was Satanism. After murdering several hitch-hikers during 1973, Bundy believed his own arrest was inevitable unless he could secure the protection of metaphysical forces. Through his contacts in the pornography underworld he met Kenneth "Mad Dog" McKenna whom he believed could help him through an organisation known as the Church of the Process, established in 1963. Initially, followers of the cult were offered a choice of deities, including Jehovah and Christ, but progressively the organisers insisted on homage to Satan. McKenna allowed Bundy to visit him at his home in Manasota, Florida. McKenna was able to cite details and provide evidence from his own criminal history which convinced Bundy that he could indeed kill with impunity provided certain guidelines were followed. He offered' Bundy a contract to sign which would enable him to commit murder and avoid detection as long as he acted as a representative of Satan and not simply indulge his own desires. A ritual was enacted, with Bundy becoming a practitioner of Satanism (K. McKenna 1994, pers. comm.). Apparently, Bundy was convinced of the validity of Satanism, and his subsequent behaviour was influenced accordingly."
    • Interesting note: Bundy attended Stanford University back in the 1960s, and purportedly starting killing in 1974, the same year that Arlis Perry was murdered at Stanford by Four P cult members. The accounts of File 1004 (see above) suggest a connection between Four P member Stanley Baker and a Satanic cult led by "Ted", and the weapon used on Perry was an ice pick, something that was found in Bundy's trunk at one point.
    • From Bundy: The Deliberate Stranger by Richard Larsen: "For years [Captain Edwin "Butch"] Carlstadt had been at the frustrating task of tracking California's so-called Zodiac killer. One after another, Carlstadt had investigated murders of girls and young women in northern California—fourteen or more between December 1969 and December 1973—in which the victims, often hitchhikers, were found nude, without clothing or other belongings. Near the bodies was found an elaborate witchcraft symbol of twigs and rocks."
    • From p.203 of Programmed to Kill, there is the possibility of overlap between Bundy's murders and those committed by Thomas Creech or his associates: "Ted Bundy, calmed by tranquilizers, was put to death by the state of Florida on January 24, 1989. In his final hours, he allegedly confessed on tape to an array of murders, including some in the state of Idaho that he had never been accused of. Many of the details given in these confessions were either wrong or unverifiable, and the tape is difficult to hear—due purportedly to yet another tape-recorder malfunction."
  • Above Top Secret comment about Bundy alluding to a larger network: "Toward the end of Stephen G. Michaud's book, The Only Living Witness: The True Story of Serial Sex Killer Ted Bundy, the author stated that Bundy said there was a secret network wherein people like himself were able to communicate, & to help each other in their efforts. Nobody was ever sure whether there might be some truth to this claim, or whether this was just one more ploy on Bundy's part to inspire the postponement of his scheduled execution so he could give information on this subject. Bundy attempted to offer several incentives to persuade the authorities to let him live a bit longer (including hints about more murders & an offer to lead authorities to bodies), but society had apparently had enough of Mr Bundy, & it was decided to allow his departure from this life to proceed on schedule."

Victim information

  • Lynda Ann Healy - 1974/02/01 in Seattle WA
    • ...
  • Donna Gail Manson - 1974/03/12 in Olympia WA
    • From p.??? of The Stranger Beside Me: "The investigators had found several slips of paper in Donna's room. One listed "Thought Power Inc." A preliminary check by the detectives showed this to be a licensed business in Olympia, located in a neat older home. Seminars on positive thinking and mind discipline were held there. The owners had changed the name to the "Institute of ESP" just before Donna disappeared."
    • Institute of Insight a.k.a. Silva Mind Control International
      • Jean d'Vere Vuere - the president and an instructor / psychorientologist
        • Brownsville Herald, "Jean d'Vere Vuere", 1974/03/24: "Jean d'Vere Vuere from Institute of Insight, Olympia, Washington, will conduct a 9 day class on the "I AM CONCEPT" beginning March 25th through April 2nd, 7:30 PM to 10 PM at the Unitarian Church on Paredes Line Road, Brownsville. Call Ruby Wilborn 831-4356 or 512-4756"
    • Jack Kyle Silva - a local sex offender who came up as a person of interest
      • Shelton Mason County Journal, "He Got His Wish, To Join Son In Prison", 1964/01/09: "Jack K. Silva, 52, Olympia told Judge Raymond Clifford in Mason County Superior Court he would like to be sent to the State Penitentiary in Walla Walla so he could be with his son. [...] Silva was charged with attempting force two 14-year-old Shelton girls into his panel truck with a loaded rifle last Oct. 18. [...] PROSECUTING Attorney Byron McClanahan told the court that Silva had a criminal record dating back to 1939 when he was convicted of carnal knowledge here. He later served a sentence for attempted rape in California and and sentences for forgery and burglary in Idaho. All in all, Silva told the court, he had spent some 20 years of his life in various penal institutions."
    • Richard Alan Miller - the University of Washington advisor to Donna for her project on magic and witchcraft
      • Dr. Richard Alan Miller website About page
        • "Author and researcher Dr. Richard Alan Miller reveals a depth of knowledge and experience in alternative agriculture, physics, and metaphysics. Miller began working in the secret world of Navy Intel (Seal Corp. and then MRU) in the late 60s, and now has amazing experiences and conclusions to share. Before many leading edge concepts became trendy topics, Miller was (and is) in the international front lines of research, experimentation and documentation. Today, Miller writes for Nexus magazine and is a preferred guest on internet radio. In the 21st century Miller is re-emerging at a critical time in humanities evolution where metaphysics and practical survival converge."
        • "Founded in Seattle in 1974 by Richard Alan Miller, OAK was relocated to southern Oregon in 1984. Crrently located in Grants Pass, OR OAK’s primary orientation is lecturing, writing, and research. Lecturing includes a number of diversified workshops and national speaking engagements, TV and radio. Writing includes a wide variety of topics, and numerous magazine articles. Recent book titles include. The Potential Of Herbs As a Cash Crop” (Acres), “Native Plants Of Commercial Importance” (OAK), The Magical & Ritual Use Of Perfumes (Destiny), and Successful Farm Ventures (New Farm). to be continued…"
        • "Miller was the Northwest Regional Director of Mankind Research Unlimited (MRU), the Washington D.C. based paranormal phenomena investigative team. He worked under the direction of Dr. Carl Schleicher."
        • "For two years Miller was the Northwest Regional Director of Mankind Research Unlimited (MRU), before it reorganized into MRF, Mankind Research Foundation."
      • Alignable page on OAK Publishing in Grants Pass OR - a 2020/05/12 comment by Miller says "I trained Navy SEAL Team One, and helped write the Anarchist's Cookbook"
      • COINTELPRO & the Truth About Organized Stalking & 21st Century Torture, "SYNTHETIC TELEPATHY AND THE EARLY MIND WARS By Richard Alan Miller", 2015/05/10: "Dr. Miller was one of three co-authors of the Anarchist Cookbook. Due to his top-secret clearance and former military involvement, his contribution as a co-author remained anonymous, but is verifiable. Additionally, Miller was the “real Mulder” of the X-Files, having written a treatment for Hollywood that was a bit complex and later adapted and simplified by the man who became the screenwriter for the X-Files. In the 1980’s he bailed from the world of Black-Ops and Navy Seals into the world of alternative agriculture, where he went on to become one of the world’s foremost experts on the commercial cultivation of herbs for supplements and medicines. In the words of Dr. Miller: “…Regarding my background = old man DuPont had a “bulls-eye” on me when I was in high school. They orchestrated my entire education, and then were waiting for me when I got out of graduate school.When I worked at Boeing, they first had me develop protocols for Seal Corp. (to make frogmen into supermen). From there, I moved up into Navy Intel (working directly with Dr. Carl Schleicher MRU) in Anesthesiology… When I “woke up” and realized what I was doing (mind control, drug studies, and chip implants), I left the military and became a farmer (35 years). I now network rural communities and bunkers for congressmen. Some now call me “The Postman” (eidetic memory). Mat Stein is helping me offer “survival skills,” what I developed for use with Navy Seals. Duncan Roads (Nexus magazine) calls me the oldest living MIB – that is what I did.”"
      • Mankind Research Unlimited (MRU) / Mankind Research Foundation (MRF)
        • Carl Schleicher background
          • Iona Miller, "MRU DIRECTOR: Dr. Carl Schleicher: Stealth was His Name & Mission", 2010-2013: "All research was conducted on a “need to know” basis. No one seems able to make a coherent story of it, though rumors about connections of Director Schleicher to MK Ultra run rampant. What is known is he had ten active years of military service (1955-1966) for the Navy as a “war games expert,” cryptologist, and spy in Europe. After his Naval service, Schleicher went into “exotic areas of knowledge” with a mandate to “peek discretely into the unknown”. He avoided marriage, saying, “My mission is different.” He always claimed his mission was “humanitarian.”"
        • Baltimore Sun, "FBI foils anthrax plot in U.S. White supremacist, lab owner arrested by FBI in Nevada; Vials, car taken for testing; Bacillus to be used as terror weapon, say federal charges", 1998/02/20: "In a lightning operation involving scores of agents, the FBI arrested two men outside Las Vegas and charged them with obtaining deadly anthrax microbes for use as a terrorist weapon, authorities said yesterday. One suspect, Larry Wayne Harris, 46, of Lancaster, Ohio, is a microbiologist and white supremacist who is on probation from a 1995 case in which he fraudulently obtained bubonic plague bacteria. He boasted last summer of plans to spread deadly biological toxins in the New York City subway, according to an FBI document. The other suspect, William Job Leavitt Jr., 47, of Logandale, Nev., owns microbiology labs in Nevada and Germany and is listed in corporate documents as vice president of a Silver Spring health foundation. [...] According to an FBI affidavit, Harris admits to being a lieutenant colonel in the Aryan Nation, a white supremacist hate group. [...] In November, Harris told U.S. News and World Report that if his friends were provoked, they would strike at government officials with biochemical weapons. [...] Corporate records list Leavitt as vice president of Mankind Research Foundation Inc., with a Silver Spring address. A telephone answering machine message at that address says the premises also house the Foundation for Blood Irradiation, and state records list another six corporations, including Lozanov Learning Institute Inc. and the Society for Application of Free Energy Inc. Mankind Research and Lozanov Learning Institute are both headed by Carl Schleicher, an inventor and entrepreneur who last year led an unsuccessful effort to convert a former Nike missile base in New Jersey as housing for the mentally ill and recovering substance abusers, the Bergen Record reported."
  • Susan Elaine Rancourt - 1974/04/17 in Ellensburg WA
    • ...
  • Roberta Kathleen Parks - 1974/05/06 in Corvallis OR
    • ...
  • Brenda Ball - 1974/06/01 in Burien WA
    • ...
  • Georgann Hawkins - 1974/06/11 in Seattle WA
    • ...
  • Janice Ott - 1974/07/14 in Issaquah WA
    • ...
  • Denise Naslund - 1974/07/14 in Issaquah WA
    • ...
  • Nancy Wilcox - 1974/10/02 in Holladay UT
    • ...
  • Melissa Smith - 1974/10/27 in Midvale UT
    • Find A Grave memorial for Melissa Smith: "Murder Victim. Daughter of Police Chief Louis Smith. Chief Louis had warned his seventeen year old daughter about the dangers of the world. On October 18, 1974, Melissa left a pizza parlor where she had been visiting with friends, but she would never make it home. Her body was found October 27, 1974 in Summit Park, she had been strangled. A murder victim of Ted Bundy, who confessed to her murder just before his execution on January 24, 1989."
    • Alibi of Bundy going on a hunting trip with his fiance's father
      • From p.180 of The Stranger Beside Me: "Meg looked through the newspaper clippings that Lynn had brought back with her, and she drew a sigh of relief when she read that Melissa Smith had disappeared on the night of October 18. “There, see? October 18. I talked to Ted that night about eleven o'clock. He was looking forward to going hunting with my dad the next day. He was in a good mood.”"
      • From p.10 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "Liz's father, who is a doctor, on talking with investigators said, although he was not a psychiatrist, and couldn't give a professional opinion, that he felt Bundy was a schizophrenic. Dr. Hurst had gone hunting with Bundy."
  • Laura Aime - 1974/10/31 in Lehi UT
  • Carol DaRonch - 1974/11/08 in Murray UT
  • Debra Kent - 1974/11/08 in Bountiful UT
    • Background of the Kent family
      • Logan Herald Journal, "Visitors from Nebraska", 1970/07/28: "Visitors in Smithfield the past two weeks have been the Dean Kent family of Omaha, Neb. Dean, his wife Belva and children Debra, Bill, Patricia, Eddy, and Blair have been guests of the William Ellett family, Belva’s parents. The Kent family are moving back to Utah and are waiting to move into a new home at 24 East 3500 South in Bountiful. Dean, who has been employed for the past six years by Husky Oil, will now assume responsibility as district representative for the Triangle Oil Co. [...]"
      • Ogden Standard-Examiner, "Case of Missing Mother Baffles Officers in Davis", 1975/07/15: "Ten days ago Monday a 23-year-old Layton mother mysteriously disappeared while working at a self-service gas station here. Today, law enforcement officials say they still have no clues as to the whereabouts of Nancy Perry Baird, the divorced mother of a 4-year-old son. From the outset, East Layton police and Davis County sheriff’s deputies have investigated the possibility the disappearance was an abduction, since the missing woman left behind her purse, containing $167 and medication, and her car. [...] The woman had been working at the Fina Station at 1378 N. Highway 89 on the Fourth of July. She had talked with East Layton officer Dave Anderson at 5:10 p.m. when he checked the station and left. About 5:30 p.m., store manager Bonnie Peck stopped by the station and found customers waiting and Mrs. Baird gone. [...] Initially, officials thought three men, two friends and the woman’s ex-husband, who could not be found during the July 4th weekend, could lead to information on her whereabouts. The former husband had been working in Idaho, another man had left for Phoenix, Ariz. the Wednesday before the incident and the third man was reportedly in Pocatello, according to Sheriff’s Lt. Dean Egbert. MAN IDENTIFIED Lt. Egbert said today the man in Pocatello had been identified by a 9-year-old girl as having been in the station that day, although he had alibis in Idaho on his whereabouts July 4. Lt. Egbert said the alibis are being checked thoroughly. The officials also reported that the Fina Station was run by Triangle Oil Co., a firm in which Dean Kent, the father of 17-year-old Debbie Kent who disappeared last November in Bountiful, was an officer. [...] Chief Adams, a parttime officer who also works at Hill Air Force Base, took a week's vacation to work with fulltime officer Anderson in investigating the case."
      • Deseret News, "LABOR DEPARTMENT FILES SUIT AGAINST TRIANGLE", 1988/06/20: "The U.S. Department of Labor has filed a civil suit in U.S. District Court for Utah against Triangle Oil Co. of Bountiful and four trustees of the Triangle Oil Co. Inc. Profit Sharing Plan for allegedly violating their fiduciary obligations under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. Trustees named in the lawsuit were Lyle Nelson, Dean Kent, Geraldine B. Allred and estate of Sheldon E. Christensen. Also named as defendants were Douglass Allred, Triangle Oil president; and West Winds Truck Stop, a joint venture owned by Triangle.The complaint alleges that the trustees violated the act when they made repeated imprudent loans, failed to collect money due the profit sharing plan, loaned $200,000 to the truck stop, a party to the plan; and caused the plan to extend credit to Allred Investment Co., also a party to the plan. The government claims that Douglass Allred participated in the fiduciary breaches of the trustees and the company is alleged to have acted imprudently by not monitoring the trustees' actions and failing to prevent or correct the violations. In its suit, the department is asking the court to appoint an independent fiduciary to manage the plan, enjoin Geraldine Allred, Nelson and Kent from acting as fiduciaries to any employee benefit plan for 10 years and order the trustees to restore to the plan all losses incurred as a result of the alleged violations. The department also wants the court to order the company to restore to the plan any profits of the fiduciaries which have been made as a result of the alleged violations, order Douglas Allred to reimburse the plan for all losses incurred as a result of participation in the fiduciary breaches of the trustees and enjoin all defendants from taking any action concerning the plan."
    • From p.95 of The Only Living Witness (also on this Tumblr blog):

          Meanwhile, another incident was unfolding twenty miles to the north in Bountiful.
          That night, the Viewmont High School drama club was presenting The Redhead before an audience of 1500 in the school auditorium. The play was to begin at eight, but the opening curtain was delayed about twenty minutes. Just before eight, drama teacher Raelynne Shepard, an attractive twenty-four-year old, was approached in the hallway by a young man she later described as “very good-looking.” Not only was he handsome, Shepard thought, but he was impeccably dressed. She noticed his patent leather shoes.
    • From the Bountiful Police Department file in the 1974/11/10 "Written Statement of Raelynne Shepherd": "I got to school for the musical at 7:30 p.m., seated my husband in the auditorium, and started around the corner to the dressing rooms. I think it was about 7:45 at the time. The hall was dark, but I could see fairly well. A man who was standing alone halfway down the hall approached me as I walked toward the dressing rooms."
    • Drug dealer suspect Ronald Dennis Auth - pseudonym John Badway
      • From the Bountiful Police Department file in the 1974/11/18 supplemental report of Detective Beal: "We left the Club Car 19 at approximately 2030 hours. When we returned to the car Mrs. Shephard stated, “That is the man I talked to in Viewmont,” indicating the waiter, this being Ronald Dennis Auth. Reporting officer inquired as to how she could identify him. Mrs. Shephard stated that there was no question in her mind that he was the man. He looks identical to him, his walk and mannerisms were same, his voice was the same. She pointed out that his voice was slightly higher when he spoke at reporting officer’s table, however when he waited on another table a few minutes later, he was talking in a lower normal voice. This was the voice she had heard at Viewmont. She also pointed out that he was an inch or two taller at this time, however he was wearing shoes tonight with higher heels. She also pointed out that on his left hand he had the imprint of a large ring, which he was not wearing tonight. Reporting officer asked if there was any question in her mind as to whether or not this was the man. Mrs. Shephard replied, “Absolutely none.”"
      • Morning News (Paterson NJ), "6th 'pot boat' bust nets $34M haul", 1979/06/07: "Four men arrested aboard a marijuana boat carrying $34 million in marijuana — the sixth "pot boat" seized in the Caribbean in 10 days — are American citizens, the Coast Guard said Wednesday. The Charles M, a 70-foot shrimp boat, was stopped by the Coast Guard cutter Gallatin Tuesday afternoon about 100 miles southwest of Puerto Rico. The vessel was well known around the Caribbean for "good Samaritan" relief work. It assisted earlier this year in evacuations from the burning cruise ship Angelina Lauro in the U.S. Virgin Islands and from the island of St. Vincent during the eruption in the La Soufriere volcano. The Coast Guard said the Charles M was carrying 17 tons of marijuana. At a street price of $1,000 per pound, the pot would be worth $34 million, officials said. Street price differs from area to area. The Coast Guard identified the four men as Clinton Hayes, of Tampa, Fla., James Swope of Miami, Stephen Black of California and Ron Auth, whose hometown was unknown. Another boat, the luxury yacht Backrunner registered in Nassau, Bahamas, was seized earlier this week by another Coast Guard cutter with about 5,000 pounds of marijuana 400 miles northwest of Puerto Rico. It had a crew of two Americans and one Canadian who have not yet been identified. Four other vessels laden with marijuana have been seized around the Caribbean in the past 10 days and a total of more than 150,000 pounds have been confiscated. Total street value of the drug which will be destroyed was $150 million. Most of the crewmen arrested on charges of conspiracy to smuggle marijuana were Colombians."
      • Fort Lauderdale News, "Fifth Pot Boat Seized In Four Days", 1979/06/07: "Two Florida men have been arrested in the area's fifth "pot boat" seizure in four days, the U.S. Coast Guard says. The Key West fishing boat "Charles M." was being towed to San Juan, P.R., after it was discovered loaded with 17 tons of marijuana, the Guard said. Arrested on pot smuggling charges were James Swope Jr., 33, of Miami, and Clinton Hayes, 25, of Tallahassee. Also arrested were Stephen Black, 31, of Seal Beach, Calif., and Ron Auth, 31, no address available."
      • The Daily Herald (Provo UT), "Judge to Rule on IRS Case Against Park City Resident", 1979/10/17: "A Park City, Utah, man convicted of drug smuggling in Puerto Rico claims the Internal Revenue Service can't assume he used unreported income to buy the Columbian marijuana. Ronald Auth is trying to stop the IRS from seizing his home and bank account. The federal agency told U.S. District Court Judge Bruce Jenkins that the IRS assumed Auth used at least $227,325 in unreported income to help buy the drugs. Jenkins said he would rule on Auth's suit "within 20 days." Auth was one of four men picked up in a boat off Puerto Rico last June. The Justice Department said the men used $1.3 million to purchase marijuana in Columbia. But Assistant U.S. Attorney Wallace Boyack said, if the drugs had been sold in the United States "the marijuana would have been worth far more." The U.S. Coast Guard confiscated the marijuana, and Auth was later convicted in Puerto Rico of possession of a controlled substance with intent to smuggle it into the United States. The IRS says it figures Auth bought up to one-fourth of the marijuana cargo, and claims he therefore understated his income because his recent federal tax returns show he did not have enough money to make the huge purchase."
      • Salt Lake Tribune, "Marijuana Charges Net Probationary Terms", 1979/10/21: "Four U.S. residents, including two Utah men, convicted of smuggling and distributing nearly 20 tons of Colombian marijuana have been re-sentenced to five-year probationary sentences by a federal judge. Ron Auth of Park City, Utah, said he was taken by surprise Friday when federal Judge Juan Torruella suspended his conviction sentence issued six months ago by a jury. Torruella said the four defendants' two-count sentences should run concurrently. Nabbed June 5 Auth said that on June 5 his shrimp-boat Charles M was boarded by the U.S Coast Guard some 20 miles southeast of Puerto Rico. It was there that the gold-colored marijuana was found. The shrimpboat captain, Steve Black, also of Park City, James Swoup, Key West, Fla., and Clinton Hayes of Texas claimed they were traveling from Colombia and destined to meet a mother ship that would have distributed the stash to Europe. Auth was quoted in local papers as estimating the street value of the weed at approximately $360 million. Feared Jail "I thought I was going to he jailed," said Auth. "I met some prisoners in the Bayamon Jail who were convicted to three and four years or having a single marijuana joint on them," he said. He said he and his three companions were jailed for three weeks before their individual $250,000 bail was reduced to $50,000."
      • United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, United States of America, Appellee, v. Clinton Hayes, Ronald Auth, Steven Black and James Swope,jr., Appellants, appeal decision, 1981/06/19: "On June 5, 1979, the CHARLES M, a United States registered fishing vessel, was boarded by the United States Coast Guard Cutter GALLATIN on the high seas in the Caribbean approximately 110 miles southeast of Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico. [...] The gravamen of appellants' defense was that they did not intend to import or introduce marijuana into the United States, or to otherwise violate the laws of the United States. To that end, they sought to introduce testimony that Captain Hayes thought that the marijuana was destined for Europe. [...] Captain Hayes was given ample scope to testify how he was recruited by a man named Cruz, who directed him to deliver the marijuana to a "mother ship" on the Saba Bank, and to develop the details of the planned delivery."
      • Park Record, "FBI agents arrest three Park City men on drug charges Wednesday, Feb. 24", 1993/03/04: "Three Park City men were arrested Feb. 24 by agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation on drug charges, Special Agent Keith Bennett said Mar. 3. Ronald Dennis Auth, 45, is charged with a three-count federal indictment. The charges include conspiracy to distribute cocaine, possession of cocaine with intent to distribute and using a communication facility (telephone) to facilitate illegal transactions. Auth was arrested in his home Feb. 24. Terry Hjorth Thomas, 41, is charged with a one-count indictment, alleging possession of cocaine with intent to distribute. Niles Christian Andrus, 42, was also charged with a one-count federal indictment alleging possession of cocaine with, intent to distribute. Auth is currently out on a $5,000 bond awaiting trial. Thomas and Andrus have been similarly released but on $1,000 bonds. The arrests were part of a long-term investigation on the part of the bureau, Bennett added. The maximum sentences for the charges against the three differ according to their prior records or lack of them, said Assistant U.S. Attorney Dave Schwendiman Mar. 3. Because Auth has a prior conviction in district court in Puerto Rico for trying to smuggle 18 tons of marijuana into the U.S. in 1979, the maximum sentence on the first count, conspiracy to distribute five kilograms of cocaine is 20 years to life imprisonment. Andrus and Thomas, on the other hand, would spend only a maximum of 20 years in prison if they were to be convicted, because neither has former convictions, Schwendiman said."
  • Caryn Campbell - 1975/01/12 in Aspen CO
    • Detroit Free Press, "Nurse's Death a Homicide, Colo. Investigators Believe", 1975/02/20: "Pending autopsy results expected later this week, investigators for Colorado district attorney Frank Tucker are working on the assumption that 23-year-old Dearborn nurse Caryn Campbell was murdered. Her naked, frozen body was found Monday two miles from an Aspen, Colo., ski resort from which she disappeared Jan. 12. She had been vacationing there with her fiance, Dr. Raymond Gadowski of Farmington Hills. [...] The sheriff's office earlier told reporters that marks on the woman's wrists showed she had been tied and probably thrown from a car. The sheriff's office also said the slaying might be connected with 12 others reported in the West. [...] Tucker said there are no suspects yet. His staff, he said, had interviewed practically all the guests at the lodge the night of Miss Campbell's disappearance. Miss Campbell's body was to be flown to Detroit for burial. Robert R. Campbell, Miss Campbell's brother and a Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., policeman, flew to Dearborn Wednesday to be with his family."
    • Alternate Seattle suspect Hugh Temos a.k.a. Joe Temos a.k.a. Hugh Joe Temos a.k.a. Hugh Joseph Michael Temos a.k.a. Hugh Michael Joseph Temos - pseudonym Manny Treff (in The Only Living Witness) or "Jones" (in Ruth Walsh's report)
      • From the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office file in the 1975/03/08 supplementary report: "Pipper is the head housekeeper, Top of the Village Condominiums. [...] PIPPER states that the person that we are looking for is one JOE TEMOS that worked as a maid for the Top of the Village. [...] PIPPER states that she, in her opinion, believes that subject TEMOS is very sick and I quote "the kind of person who would go in the corner and jack off". [...] PIPPER states that the person in charge of the Top of the Village Condominiums, a person by the name of Chris, last name unknown, had three run-ins with suspect TEMOS, because he was sleeping in the laundry and maids' rooms. PIPPER states that TEMOS is very resentful to authority and that he really scared Chris, Chris thought that he was going to be assaulted by TEMOS. PIPPER states that TEMOS is a white, male, American, 27-30 years, 180-195#, very good muscular build, light green or blue eyes, unshaven, wore tennis shoes, sweat shirt and a dirty, faded corderoy pants. PIPPER states that subject she believes was driving a 1964-65 brown station wagon with Washington plates on it. PIPPER states that after TEMOS has run-ins with Chris that they fired him. She believes that it was on 1-11-75_and with checking with VPM we find that suspect, TEMOS, picked up his check 1-13-75."
      • From the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office file in the 1975/03/10 supplementary report: "R/O along with Investigator, Fisher, contacted Dick Bradley, the Manager of the Holiday Inn, Aspen, Colorado.

        Bradley researched his files_and came up with an application on one, HUGH JOE TEMOS, 31 years DOB, 5-26-43. On the application his description was 6' tall, 170 lbs, brown hair, blue eyes. Subject states on the application that he went to Liberty High School, Bethlehem, PA. States that he went to college at Tufts University in Boston. On the application he gives a Valleycrest Landscape Company in Boffel (sp?), Washington as a former employer, also a J. A. Wyley, Inc (sp?) in Portland, Oregon. Also states that he has been employed for himself, in firewood cutting. He lists as personal references a Jim, Lasey, Central Lane, Portland, Oregon, a Jerry (sp?) Trobe in Port Angeles, unknow state and a Tom Jacob at a W.D.B., Florida-Diner.
        Bradley states that he really didn't know subject as he only worked a couple of days for the Holiday Inn. However he remembers him being dirty, unclean, unkempt and living out of his car.
        Bradley states that Temos worked from 12-29-12-31 of 1974 as a dishwasher.

        R/O noted that on Temos' application that he had been in the states of Washington and Oregon, however the dates of the employment were not filled in. R/O, along with Fisher contacted the Thurston Sheriff's Department in Olympia, Washington and talked with Detective Barcliff and gave him the information on suspect, Temos."
      • From the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office file in the 1975/03/11 supplementary report: "[FRANK] SIMPSON states that a person by the name of Hugh Temos did work for the Pomegranate Inn Jan 1, 2, & 3. Was paid for twenty hours of work and was kitchen help.

        Simpson suggests we contact a Jim Lowe (sp?), Restaurant Manager for the Pomegranate Inn. On 3/11/75 R/O along with investigator, Fisher contacted Jim Lowe, Restaurant Manager for the Pomegranate Inn. Lowe states that he remembers suspect Temos as a dishwasher.

        Lowe states that he got a lot of bad vibes from suspect, Temos and thought that he was the type of person that you could not trust.


        Lowe states, that, in his opinion, suspect, Temos is not "playing with a full deck". And is crazier than hell. Lowe states that he heard that Temos was fired from the Holiday Inn because he had stolen something. Lowe states that_he had approached Temos with that and Temos denied it but quit right away. Lowe states Temos said he had another job. However he came back in a day or two later about the 6 of January_and wanted his job back but was refused. Lowe states also that he came in with a New York steak, and stated that he had no place to cook and wanted to cook it in their kitchen. However, they refused him."
      • From the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office file in the 1975/03/11 supplementary report: "[Top of the Village maid IVANKA KAY] JENSEN states that as far is she is concerned that suspect Temos has mental problems and was not all there."
      • From the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office file in the 1975/03/12 supplementary report: "R/O along with Inv. Fisher contacted a DONALD PATRICK HUBNER, who is the manager of the Plum Tree Inn.
        HUBNER states that he remembers a person by the name of Hugh Temos who was working as a maid at the Plum Tree Inn.
        Hubner states that subject, Temos, could not get along with any of the female maids and at one time he yelled at one of them and called her a bitch and threw her down the hallway. Hubner states that subject, Temos, was always sleeping in the sauna and he could always tell when subject Temos was sleeping in the sauna because he could smell marijuana when he entered.

        Contacted a Dorothy Alt, who is the head maid for the Plum Tree Inn. ALT states Temos told her that he had a job in Craig, Colorado working for $4.00 an hour. It was right after that Temos left the Plum Tree Inn.

        R/0 along with inv. Fisher, went to the Pomegranate inn, who takes care of the Plum Tree Books, and contacted Frank Simpson, who is the head of operations. Simpson advised R/0 that Temos, did indeed work for the Plum Tree Inn on the 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 13 of January.Simpson states that on the 12 of January Temos was off duty. States that Temos worked from 4:30 in the evening to 7:00 in the evening on the 13th. of January and quit that night.

        R/O along with Inv. Fisher then called the one Ned Miller, Inv. with the Sheriff's Dept. in Craig, Colorado requested that Miller check the Craig area to ascertain if possibly Temos was in the Craig area.
        Miller advises that by the rate of pay of $4.00 it was possible the Temos was working in a strip mining operation near Craig, Colorad. He will check and call us back."
      • From the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office file in the 1975/03/12 supplementary report: "R/O and Inv. Fisher called Washington, D.C. to. the F.B.I. and requested a criminal history on suspect Temos.

        This was sent to the Pitkin County Sheriff's Department by telex and is included with this report. Reporting officer notes that on the criminal history subject Temos was arrested for indecent exposure in Seattle, Washington on September 8, 1974. R/O then called the identification bureau of Salt Lake City Police Department to request a picture be sent to our department. Also during the phone call R/O talked to a Det. Sgt. Beeson, Seattle, Police Department. Beeson advises that they have a whole task force on the missing girls in their area. R/O get Det. Beeson the full run down on suspect Temos. Det. Beeson advised R/O that he would check the subject out and return the call the next day, March 12.

        R/O received a return phone call from Det. Beeson. Det. Beeson advises that he checked the case on the indecent exposure on Temos and found that Temos was acting strangely and erratically, exposing himself to a woman who happened to be a policeman's wife. Beeson states that when suspect Temos was arrested on their case, he was very violent and dangerous person. Beeson adviseds that the court gave him a sentence of 180 days, which Beeson states is a very stiff sentence for that type of charge. Beeson states that in checking their records that they were having one missing girl per month but after suspect Temos was incarcerated in Seattle, that the missing girls stopped. Beeseon stated to this officer that Temos looks good as a suspect of theirs and will keep checking in their area. Beeson states that he has several women witnesses that might be able to identify Temos's picture."
      • 1975/04/03 letter from Pitkin County Sheriff Carrol D. Whitmire to FBI director Clarence B. Kelly: "Please fingerprint Item No. 2 [a light bulb and socket attachment]. If latent prints are developed, attempt to match with the suspect, Hugh Joseph Michael Temos, FBI 67-430-L-10 and to victim, Caryn Elaine Campbell, Latent Case # B-67-37.

        Please fingerprint Item No. 1 [a travel alarm clock and black case with gold trim] and retain all latent prints for future matches with other homicide cases throughout the Western United States.

        Information contained in our previous letter of February 20, 1975 can still be used as supporting information. Suspect, Temos was developed as he attempted to pick up a young woman in the area of the Wildwood Inn, Snowmass, Colorado on either the 11th. or 12th. of January, 1975.

        He did attempt this act at least three different times, all attempts with the same young woman and the young woman does fit the same general description of victim, Campbell. Suspect Temos was working as a male maid in the Wildwood Inn area and was known to sleep in linen rooms of hotels in the same area. Room 210 of the Wildwood Inn, where victim was staying and possibly entering at the time of the abduction, was directly across from the second floor linen room. Item No. 2 was taken from the aforementioned linen room. Item No. 1 was given to a wrecker driver by suspect Temos as a security for towing his car out of a snow bank in Snowmass, Colorado around January 1, 1975.

        It is known that suspect Temos had been traveling in the Western United States since 1969. During this time there have been numerous homicides of young, female persons, all fitting the same general description. These homicides include the states of California, Oregon, Washington, Utah and Colorado.

        Suspect Temos was arrested in Roseberg, Oregon 3-21-75 and is to return for trial on 4-9-75. We request, that if possible, we can have information requested by that time as we plan to interview suspect if he returns to Roseberg, Oregon for trial."
      • From p.15 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "Mike Fisher, Investigator for the D.A.'s office in Aspen then described another suspect for everyone's reference: Hugh Michael Joseph Temos, DOB 5-26-43, 6', 175 lbs., light brown hair, light blue eyes, with receding hairline, who has a record of being a flasher. He has been in the Seattle, Portland, California, Aspen and Vail, Colorado areas. He was driving a light brown station wagon with Washington plates. His FBI number is 67430 L10."
      • TODO: quote key information from Ruth Walsh series
      • People, "The Enigma of Ted Bundy: Did He Kill 18 Women? Or Has He Been Framed?", 1980/01/07: "Previously, while researching a five-part series on Bundy, Walsh discovered that seven other men could be linked circumstantially with some or all of Bundy’s alleged crimes. “There are five possible ‘Teds’ in the Seattle area alone,” she says. The list includes a convicted sex offender who was living in Seattle at the time of the murders there. He then moved to Aspen, where he took a job at Snowmass, the resort where victim Caryn Campbell was staying. His co-workers remember him as violent, especially toward women. He didn’t show up for work on the day Campbell was murdered; the next day he picked up his paycheck and left town. (Subsequently he was given a lie detector test and passed.)"
      • From p.109-110 of The Only Living Witness:

            He thought he had a break in early March when a chambermaid at the Top of the Village hotel reported that on January 9, 1975, a Manny Treff (pseudonym), thirty-one, drifter and day laborer, had made untoward advances in the maid’s room. The woman, who had discouraged Treff with a left fist to the mouth, told the police that he “had mental problems and was not all there.”
            Subsequently, Fisher connected Treff with several such incidents. He had cruised the ski resort in his brown station wagon calling, “Here, kitty, kitty,” to women. Another maid reported that Treff had tried to fondle her breasts and kept asking when they could “get it on.” Variously, the people who remembered him described Treff as “weird,” “sick,” and “dangerous.”
            A check on his police record revealed that Manny Treff had been arrested for indecent exposure in Seattle in September of 1974. A telephone conversation with Seattle police detective Ivan Beeson was logged on March 12 by one of Fisher’s investigators. “Beeson states,” reads the report, “that when suspect Treff was arrested in their case, he was a very violent and dangerous person... Beeson states that in checking their records that they were having one missing girl per month but after subject Treff was incarcerated in Seattle, that the missing girls stopped.”
            Mike Fisher caught up with Manny Treff at the Roseburg, Oregon, city jail on April 11, 1975. His fellow inmates at the jail told Fisher that Treff drank his own urine and often laughed spontaneously at nothing. Sometimes he slept under his bunk instead of on it.
            He was at first hostile to Fisher and the three investigators who had accompanied him from Aspen. But after he was apprised of the seriousness of Fisher’s mission, Treff settled down. Asked if he would submit to a lie detector test, he agreed to—provided the polygraph operator didn’t wear a tie.
            In all, Treff was given three separate lie detector tests administered by Corporal Donald Cain of the Oregon State Patrol. Cain’s conclusion: “...this agent is of the opinion that MANNY TREFF apparently is not involved in the murder of KAREN [sic] CAMPBELL.”
            The lie detector results were hardly conclusive; although Treff finally had been responsive and even cooperative, his evident mental imbalance could have invalidated the results. But Fisher had other reasons for doubting Treff’s culpability. Once he met the man, he had trouble believing that Treff‘s characteristically unsubtle approach would have lured a willing Caryn Campbell from the Wildwood Inn.
      • Aspen Times, "Bundy describes stalking before Snowmass murder", 1989/01/25: "When Ted Bundy arrived in Snowmass Village in January 1975, he had his sights set on a different woman than the one he actually killed, a district attorney investigator who interviewed the serial murderer said this morning. DA investigator Michael Fisher conducted the interview in the Florida state prison two days before Bundy, a 43-year-old law-school dropout, was executed in the electric chair. [...] Bundy told Fisher he stopped at the side of the Wildwood's pool and was hoping a woman nearby would help him carry his ski boots to his car. But the woman ignored Bundy and he waited for several minutes until Campbell — his second choice — walked across a balcony and asked Bundy if he needed help. Bundy did not give Fisher any details about his first intended victim, or why he was attracted to her."
      • 2020 comment by Vince Lahey about a possible sighting of Temos at the Wildwood Inn pool: "He was one of the mystery Michaels interviewed after a Dr. Brown mentioned that on the night Caryn disappeared he was swimming in the pool with a strange guy who said his name was Michael and that he worked at the hotel."
      • Early life and personal background
        • The Morning Call (Allentown PA), "Record Contingent Arrives For 3rd Week at Minsi", 1956/07/09: "Approximately 40 scouts and scouters, the largest weekly contingent in the history of Camp Minsi, Bethlehem Area Boy Scout Council camp, began the third camping period Sunday along Stillwater Lake. [...] Recipients of first class rank, awarded by John Winters, scoutmaster of Troop 30, were Hugh Temos, Robert Wartman, Joseph Hook and Perry Fly, all of Troop 16, Hamilton School Parent-Teacher Assn. [...] Winners of the medley relay were Chris Quigg, Troop 4, Wesley Methodist Church; Frank Barnako, Troop 2, First Presbyterian Church; Hugh Temos, Troop 16, and Lester Kemmerer, Troop 53. Other boating events included a canoe race, won by Hugh Temos, Troop 16, and Robert Lindenmuth, Troop 53, and a lifeboat rescue, won by Robert Myers, Troop 29, ana John Peapos, Troop 43."
        • The Morning Call (Allentown PA), "3 Bethlehem Wrestlers Win Jaspers", 1959/03/17: "[At Bethlehem High School] In wrestling, 13 varsity awards were approved. Recipients are Bedics, Koch, Grubbs, Ronald Bednar, Thomas Clements, John Eckenrode, Frank Epinger, Anthony Iasiello, Thomas Magdasy, Roy Morgan, Glenn Rossetti, Hugh Temos and Richard Branda, manager."
        • The Morning Call (Allentown PA), "3,000 Attend Bethlehem Scout Court", 1959/06/21: "Bethlehem area boy scouts were honored last night at a court of honor during the council's annual camporee at the East Bath Rod and Gun Gub grounds. A crowd of 3,000 attended. Hugh Temos of Post 16 of the Hamilton School, was honored with the eagle award and Fredric Wilson received the eagle gold palm. [...] Thirty-three units are represented in the three-day program. Camp will break this afternoon after the presentation of awards for camping activities. Included in the program will be the presentation of honors for the first aid meet held in April. Archery demonstrations were given yesterday morning by Frank Schwartz, state champion and Dr. John Heilman, state runner-up. The Bethlehem Elks band gave a concert before the court of honor awards."
        • The Morning Call (Allentown PA), "Easton 2nd, Allen 3rd, 'Kids 4th", 1961/03/05: "The only other champion to survive was Malcolm Purdy, the 124-pounder from Easton. He defeated Hugh Temos of Bethlehem, one of the two Hurricanes who fell in the finals."
        • The Morning Call (Allentown PA), "INSIDE STUFF" by Joe McCarron, 1961/12/10: "[At Franklin & Marshall College] HUGH TEMOS, of Bethlehem, is a 130-pound candidate on the Freshman wrestling squad"
        • The Morning Call (Allentown PA), "Daggett-Temos Rites Held", 1964/09/13: "Marriage vows were exchanged yesterday in St. Anne's Church, Bethlehem, by Nancy Louise Temos, daughter of Mr, and Mrs. Michael G. Temos, Stokes Park, Bethlehem, and J. Robert Daggett, son of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence H. Daggett of Glens Falls, N.Y. The Rev. C. Donald McManus officiated. Given in marriage by her father, the bride chose Mrs. Richard C. Grove of Aberdeen, Md., as her matron of honor. Bridesmaids were Marion Daggett, sister of the bridegroom; Mrs. Neil O. Reichard, and Mrs. Robert E. Davidson of Pittsfield, Mass. Serving as best man was Joseph O'Keefe of Glen Falls. Ushering were Hugh M. Temos; Neil O. Reichard; Joseph Stein of Hurley, N.Y.; Richard W. Nixdorf, Woodstock, N.Y.; and Robert E. O'Connor of Rochester, N.Y. Connie Lare of Norristown was flower girl. After a reception at the home of the bride's parents, the couple departed on a honeymoon trip to Canada. They will reside in Albany, N.Y. The bride is an alumna of Liberty High School and Virginia Intermont College. Prior to her marriage she did medical research for Merck, Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories in West Point, Pa. The bridegroom is an alumnus of St. Mary's Academy, Glens Fall and LeMoyne College. He received his M.S. degree from New York State University in Albany where he is presently studying for his doctorate in educational administration. He taught in the Onteora Central Schools, Boiceville, N.Y."
          • Albany Times Union, obituary for J. Robert Daggett, 2004/01/09: "J. Robert Daggett, 65, of Voorheesville, died unexpectedly on Wednesday, January 7, 2004 at his residence. He was born in Glens Falls and was the son of the late Clarence H. and Martha V. Scannell Daggett. Bob completed his undergraduate education at LeMoyne College and his graduate pursuits at SUNY Albany, where he completed his master's degree and doctoral studies. Mr. Daggett started his career in public service as director of educational planning for the state's office of planning coordination in the executive chamber. He was executive director of the New York State Assembly's Education and Higher Education Committees for six years. Over the course of 20 years, he served as executive assistant to three commissioners of education. In that capacity, he was responsible for coordinating and advancing the state legislative programs of the Board of Regents and the State Education Department. He was the recognized for executing extraordinary administrative and program responsibilities as assigned by the commissioners and for expediting the delivery of services, requested by public officials, their staff, members of the educational and professional communities and the general public. He was a partner later with Coppola Ryan McHugh Lobby Firm in Albany and currently served as volunteer and public policy coordinator of Catholic Charities of the Albany Diocese. Bob is the beloved husband of 39 years to Nancy T. Daggett; devoted father of Kimberly and Dermot Whelan, J. Robert and Lori Daggett Jr., Daniel and Kathleen Daggett and Michael and Valerie Daggett; the brother of Marion Zinkievich, Diana Cote and Martha Brock; cherished grandfather of Caitlin, Luke and Bridget Whelan, Timothy, Lindsey, Kelsey, Julia Daggett and J. Robert (Jack) Daggett III."
          • Relationship Science page for J. Robert Daggett: "J. Robert Daggett is former National Account Manager at REALTECH AG, former Head-Enterprise Sales at FirstLight Fiber, Inc. and former National Account Manager at MCI, Inc. He received an undergraduate degree from Siena College."
        • Bangor Daily News, "Piscataquis District Court", 1976/06/28: "Hugh Michael Temos, 33, North Hampton, Pa., criminal threatening, dismissed."
        • The Morning Call (Allentown PA), "32 ENTER COUNTY'S DRUNKEN-DRIVING ARD PROGRAM", 1987/04/01: "A total of 32 people were enrolled Monday in Northampton County's Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition (ARD) program for first-time drunken drivers. The offenders are placed on a year of nominal probation and must each pay $525 to the court. Of that, $25 is for an alcohol abuse profile; $150 for alcohol-highway safety school; $100 for costs; and $250 for supervision and program costs. Their drivers licenses are also suspended for six months. Some of the offenders, who were admitted into the program by President Judge Alfred T. Williams Jr., were also assessed charged for blood-alcohol tests, restitution, and fines for related charges. [...] Hugh Michael Joseph Temos, 43, of 3302 Bath Pike, Bethlehem R. 8, was charged $51.65 for blood testing. He was arrested Sept. 25 in Bath."
        • The Morning Call (Allentown PA), "BETHLEHEM", 1991/02/05: "Charged — Hugh Temos, 47, of 1216 Dover Lane, with public drunkenness Saturday at Fritz Drive and Randolph Road; citation issued."
    • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Bundy questioned by Pitkin County investigators", 1976/03/23: "A Salt Lake County sheriffs office said Monday that two officials from Pitkin County, Colo. questioned Bundy a week ago in connection with the slaying of Caryn Campbell, 24, a Michigan nurse, near Aspen, Colo. early last year. She disappeared while on a skiing vacation. Her body was found Feb. 18, 1975. The officer said Bundy's lawyer, John D. O'Connell, was present during the jail questioning by Pitkin County Sheriff's Lt. William Baldridge and Michael Fisher, an investigator for that county's district attorney. The session also was tape recorded."
    • Greeley Daily Tribune, "Convicted Utah kidnapper is charged with murder", 1976/10/23: "Bundy, 29, a former University of Utah law student from Tacoma, Wash., now serving a one-to-15-year sentence in Utah State Prison, was served a warrant accusing him of the 1975 killing of a nurse at the Aspen, Colo. ski resort. "I will prosecute Mr. Bundy for murder in the first degree," said Pitkin County District Attorney Frank Tucker in Glenwood Springs, Colo. [...] Michael Fisher, an investigator from Tucker's office, carried the first degree murder warrant to the Utah prison and served it on Bundy."
    • Culpability of Pitkin County Undersheriff Ben Meyers
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Aspen court action for Bundy opens", 1977/04/05: "One of the key prosecution witnesses in the Caryn Campbell murder case identified the wrong man Monday during a preliminary hearing for Theodore R. Bundy, charged with the slaying. Instead of identifying Bundy, she singled out Pitkin County undersheriff Ben Meyers as the man she saw standing near an elevator where Miss Campbell was last seen. [...] Bundy was sitting at the defense table when Lizabeth Harter of Chico, Calif., was called to the stand Monday in district court. Prosecutor Milton Blakey asked if one of the men she had seen outside the elevator at the Snowmass lodge, where she and Miss Campbell were staying, was in the courtroom. "I cant be sure," she said, then asked to have one man stand up and singled him out. That man was the undersheriff, who wasnt in uniform. Another witness, who according to a prosecution affidavit had spoken to Miss Campbell as she got off the elevator, was called to testify. Ida Yoder, wife of a Littleton physician, promptly said that she did not speak to Miss Campbell and could not remember at what floor Miss Campbell got off the elevator."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Bundy to stand trial for murder", 1977/04/07: "District Court Judge George E. Lohr ruled Wednesday that there is probable cause to bind Theodore R. Bundy over for trial on a first-degree murder charge in the death two years ago of a Michigan nurse. Lohr had no comment on the case, except to say that he had reviewed the evidence presented at a preliminary hearing Monday and Tuesday and found that Bundy should stand trial. A hearing on motions is set for May 6. No trial date has been set. [...] An FBI agent testified Tuesday that hair substances found in Bundys car were of the same type as those of Miss Campbell. Gasoline credit cards were introduced to show that Bundy was in the Aspen area at the time Miss Campbell was slain. Bundy's public defender, however, contended that insufficient evidence was presented to indicate Bundy should be tried. He noted that one of the key prosecution witnesses, when asked to identify Bundy in court Monday, singled out Pitkin County Undersheriff Ben Meyers as the man she saw standing near an elevator in the Snowmass Lodge where Miss Campbell was last seen."
      • Orlando Sentinel, "BUNDY: Is this quiet, polite, intelligent man a mass murderer?", 1978/12/24 (pages 1d, 4d, 5d, 8d): "The prosecution's only direct link between Bundy and the murder was a woman named Liz Harter of Chico, California. The night Caryn Campbell disappeared, Harter had told detectives that she had seen a "strange man" near the elevators at the Wildwood Inn. Later, she had picked Bundy's picture out of seven photographs. "How certain were you when you made that identification?" Milton Blakey, one of the special prosecutors, asked Harter. "In between certain and uncertain," Harter answered. Blakey asked her to point out the man in the courtroom. Harter pointed to a Pitkin County undersheriff. "That looks like the man near the elevator," Harter said."
      • From p.315 of The Stranger Beside Me: "This time, the eyewitness was the woman tourist who had seen the stranger in the corridor of the Wildwood Inn on the night of January 12, 1975. Aspen Investigator Mike Fisher had shown her a lay-down of mug shots a year after that night and she'd picked Ted Bundy's. Now, during the preliminary hearing in April of 1977, she was asked to look around the courtroom and point out anyone who resembled the man she'd seen. Ted suppressed a smile as she pointed, not to him, but to Pitkin County Undersheriff Ben Meyers." (a play calls the witness Sandra Quilling) (true crime author Kevin M. Sullivan names her as Elizabeth Harter)
      • 2020/01/11 post by Vince Lahey with a video interview of Milt Blakey about Harter's identification of Meyers: "Unfortunately for Blakey, Mrs. Harter was not able to identify Bundy when she showed up to the pretrial hearings six months later. Tragically, when asked to point to Bundy she looked right past the man sitting between the two lawyers and instead identified undersheriff Ben Myers, sitting in the front row, as the man she had seen that night."
        • "2. On April 4, 1977, Mrs. Harter testified at a preliminary hearing in the above-entitled action. The Court is referred to a transcript of her testimony appearing at page 33 through page 61 of the preliminary hearing transcript dated July 7, 1977."
        • "4. In this regard, an assessment of the probativity of the Harter identification testimony begins with the serious discrepancies which exist between her version of the facts versus the version testified to by Micheal Fisher, the investigator who displayed the photographs to Mrs. Harter on January 9, 1976, from which was picked Defendant's photograph. A summary of the discrepant testimony is as follows:

          * Fisher testified that when interviewed at the Wildwood Inn on January 14, 1975, Harter reported that she had seen nothing unusual on the afternoon or evening of January 12, 1975 (the evening the deceased disappeared). (T. 114)

          ** Harter testified that she had told Fisher about the two men upon their first meeting in January, 1975. (T. 52)

          * Fisher testified that Harter had first indicated something unusual on January 9, 1976, when upon her return to the Wildwood Inn 3 year later she picked Defendant's picture as being the "strange man by the elevator". (T. 115)

          ** As Harter recalled this January 9 meeting, the picture she identified resembled that of the second man standing farther back by a refrigiration unit. (T. 44, 46, 57)

          * Fisher indicated that the first time Hater had revealed the existance of a second man standing farther back was in a letter to him dated March 19, 1976, wherein she estimated that this individual was about 17 years old. (T. 119)

          * When confronted with Harter's discrepant version of events Fisher stated that she must be wrong or mistaken in her recollection. (T. 117)"
        • "5. The value of Harter's alleged identification is lessened further by her own testimony that:

          ** She didn’t get a good look at the man Defendant's picture resembled. (T. 38)

          ** The light was not good where this man was standing. (T. 38, 47)

          ** Neither of the individuals said anything to her, (T. 39)

          ** She walked 15 to 20 feet away from where the men in question where standing. (T. 39)

          ** When asked to see if anyone in the courtroom looked like either of the two men she saw, she picked an undersheriff as a person who looked like the man by the elevator. (T. 40)

          ** At the time she looked at photographs of Defendant she questioned his resemblance to the second man on the basis of coloring of hair, size, and the general appearance. (T. 46)

          ** The man she saw was younger and lighter in weight than Defendant's pictures would indicate. (T. 47)

          ** Due to the poor lighting conditions, she was unable to express a high degree of certainty regarding her identification by photograph. (T. 47)"
      • Comments by Vince Lahey suggesting that Meyers was included in the lineup
        • Possible photo of Meyers: "Now I am not sure what to make of this - but just now, when I searched photos in my computer and typed in Ben Myers, the computer singled out one photo in that collage of photos and it was the one right above Bundy. Could it be that Fisher actually did show Mrs. Harter a photo of Ben Myers within that stack of photos???"
        • Full mugshot stack shown to Harter
      • The Capital Journal (Salem OR), "Meyers seeks Colorado job", 1973/12/05: "Salem Police Chief Ben Meyers has been on the road this week looking for a new job. Meyers, 42, was interviewed by officials in Grand Junction, Colo., as one of three finalists for chief of the department in that Western Colorado city."
      • Salem Statesman Journal, "Meyers Finalist for Colorado Job", 1973/12/05: "Ben Meyers, Salem's police chief since May 1967, is one of three finalists to apply for police chief at Grand Junction, Colo. Meyers, 42, was in the Eastern Colorado city of 23,000 population this week for an interview for the job, The Statesman learned Tuesday. He is scheduled to return here today."
      • The Capital Journal (Salem OR), "Salem police chief takes Colorado position", 1973/12/10: "Salem Police Chief Ben Meyers will resign Dec. 31 to become chief of police in Grand Junction, Colo. City Manager Robert Moore said Meyers, 43, informed him of the resignation this morning. [...] Meyers, who came here in 1967, cited the new challenge and the climate as the two main reasons he accepted the Grand Junction job. [...] Meyers said he began looking for a job early this year when the Salem Civil Service Commission rejected his bid to demote Captain Walter Esplin to lieutenant. He noted that the Grand Junction police force does not have civil service. Meyers, who makes $21,000 a year, will take a base salary cut to $16,000. But certain fringe benefits including a paid life insurance policy, exemption from social security payments, and vacation and sick leave benefits partially offset the cut. [...] "Don't get me wrong," he said. "I like this community, They've paid me well, and I've tried to serve them well. I just never liked the climate.""
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Bar incident revealed after police chief resigns", 1976/01/20: "The resignation of Grand Junction Police Chief Ben Meyers, announced Monday, follows a New Years Eve confrontation with the local state liquor Inspector at a Grand Junction bar. During the argument Meyers threatened to get" the job of James Gilliam, local state liquor inspector, according to a report filed by Gilliam with the state revenue department. Also during the argument, Meyers told Gilliam he would dismiss a police officer who had made allegations that the chief was illegally buying alcoholic drinks for a 19-year-old girl friend, according to Gilliam's report. The confrontation occurred during the new year's celebration at The Timbers bar and restaurant, 1810 North Ave. The Sentinel learned of the details of Gilliams report this morning from Roland Brumbaugh, deputy director of the state revenue department. [...] Gilliam also reported that a young woman he later verified as being 19 years old was sitting at Meyers table on the night of the confrontation. Gilliam reported the woman had a drink in front of her but that he did not check to see if it was an alcoholic beverage, Brumbaugh said. Brumbaugh added that Gilliam later told his superiors at the revenue office that a few days after the bar incident, Meyers apologized to him and assured him his woman companion was drinking only Coca-Cola. [...] For the past month in interviews with The Sentinel Meyers said he was considering other job opportunities and as early as last October spoke of the consultant position with the Public Administration Service. Meyers often cited press criticismas one reason causing him to seek another job."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Interim police chief to be named Jan. 30", 1976/01/20
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Meyers says confrontation didn't lead to resignation", 1976/01/27: "Grand Junction Police Chief Ben Meyers said today the New Years Eve confrontation with the local state liquor inspector had nothing to do with his resignation announcement last week. In his first interview with The Sentinel on the subject, Meyers also said he might not take an offer to become a consultant for a law enforcement evaluation agency, Public Administration Service. He originally said that job was why he is resigning, effective Friday. He said today that in addition to the Chicago-based firms offer, he is considering three other jobs. One would be a management position with a local business, which he declined to identify. Meyers said that he also has tenative interviews scheduled with two larger cities, one in California and one in Minnesota, for police chief."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Chief Meyers got going-away payment from city", 1976/02/13: "Grand Junction Police Chief Ben Meyers was paid $3,364 severance pay, two months' salary, when he resigned In January. City Manager Harvey Rose said he negotiated the amount with Meyers and it was part of a $5,306 check the ex-chief received Jan. 20. [...] [City council member Elvin] Tufly became the first council member to admit that Meyers resignation was forced, however, saying with that type of check, "it was not a resignation." Asked by a reporter if Meyers had been asked to resign, Tufly replied affirmatively."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Ex-police chief must testify at former policeman's trial", 1976/02/18: "On the witness stand, Meyers said he expects to be in Rochester, Minn., as a police consultant for Public Administration Services for five weeks, beginning in the next few days. Meyers told Defense Lawyer Harold Flowers of Denver, who had subpoenaed him as a witness, that he was "unemployed - between jobs," and that his address is 2837 Mesa. He also testified that he had decided to resign as police chief "to seek better employment" and that he had three job offers at the time he resigned. One was with the Chicago firm, one was in a management position with a Grand Junction business, and one was a police chief interview, he testified."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Mayor calls resignations 'normal turnover'", 1976/03/06: "Kozisek, backed by city council members Jane Quimby, Larry Brown and Bob VanHouten, maintained the four resignations are coincidental. The string of resignations began last October when police Capt. Robert Burnett, the number two man in the department, resigned. Police Chief Ben Meyers announced, his resignation, effective Jan. 30, on Jan. 19. City Manager Harvey Rose held a news conference Feb. 19 to announce that he plans to resign but declined to give a date. On Feb. 23, Public Works Director Gus Byrom said he would resign on April 2 and then City Engineer Rodger Young announced last Monday that he would resign on March 19."
      • Archive Aspen photograph of Ben Meyers: "One b/w image of Ben Meyers, new Pitkin Co. undersheriff, in the Aspen Times on May 20, 1976, pg. 11B."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Meyers has caretaker Aspen role", 1976/08/10: "Former Grand Junction Police Chief Ben Meyers has become head of the Pitkin County Sheriffs Office following the resignation Monday of the county's elected sheriff whose performance was the subject of an outside investigation. Meyers, 46, became Pitkin County undersheriff this spring after resigning his Grand Junction post in January. He will temporarily replace Carroll Whitmire as Pitkin County sheriff. Whitmires performance was criticized Tuesday by Dist. Atty. Frank Tucker, whose staff recently conducted an investigation of the sheriffs office. Pitkin County Commissioner Dwight Shell man told The Sentinel today it is unlikely Meyers will be formally appointed acting sheriff an election will be held for the job in November."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "City bank files lawsuit against former Junction police chief", 1976/12/22: "A lawsuit has been filed against former Grand Junction Police Chief Ben H. Meyers involving money he borrowed from the First National Bank in Grand Junction. The lawsuit alleges that Meyers, now employed as undersheriff for Pitkin County, and living in Aspen, has not repaid loans of $1,700 and $1,400 he received from the bank in November, 1975, and January, 1976. [...] Meyers, contacted in Aspen this morning, said he has not repaid the loans. But he blamed his financial troubles on a divorce settlement his ex-wife obtained from a Mesa County District Court judge this November, and said he intends to repay First National Bank as soon as possible. The divorce settlement was rendered against Meyers a few months after his repayment of the bank loans was due. Meyers, 46, resigned as Grand Junctions police chief last Jan. 19 and was named to his current law enforcement job in April. [...] Meyers became Grand Junction's police chief In February, 1974, after serving in the same capacity in Salem, Ore. His resignation last January came in the wake of criticisms about his performance as police chief and his personal lifestyle. Upon his resignation Meyers received $3,364 in severance pay from the city."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Meyers leaves Pitkin County law position", 1977/07/01: "While Meyers' resignation follows immediately a pair of resignations directly related to the recent escape of Theodore Bundy, Kienast said Meyers departure is not connected to that incident. Kienast said he and Meyers differed over law enforcement philosophy. Meyers said he will vacation at Aspen, and possibly at Lake Powell, before considering new job opportunities. His resignation took effect Thursday."
      • In his previous job as police chief of Grand Junction CO, Meyers faced controversy during the murder trial of Ken Botham over Botham's apparent framing, the string of murdered women in 1975, and police involvement in organized crime that Meyers himself likely partook in (Ken Botham website case overview): "The public would like to believe lawmen are on their side, but with a turnover rate far in excess of the state average, sexual involvement of nearly a dozen officers (that can be proven) with some of the victims, when the same officers being assigned to investigate their murders when they admittedly alter and destroy evidence, and when the police chief of that time, partied with the victims before their deaths, a feeling of uneasiness tends to develop.

        The police chief Ben Meyers was forced to resign shortly after the Tomlinson murder, and was allegedly extensively involved in drug traffic. Botham's investigators found numerous large deposits in account in two banks, but the D.A. objected to a court order for all Meyers bank records and Judge Ela denied it, saying it was irrelevant. Immediately, the chief resigned, clearing all accounts. This man took an undersherrif position in Aspen, Colorado, resigning after Ted Bundy escaped from the Aspen jail. During the Bundy trial, a witness identified Myers as the man she saw leaving the dead nurse's apartment at the time of her murder . . . the nurse Bundy was accused of killing and leaving frozen in the countryside."

        As the Ken Botham website's overview of people describes him: "Was found to have several "extra" bank accounts with untraceable money. Cleared bank accounts and left Grand Junction in December, 1976. Went to Telluride as Chief of Police. Alleged connections to the drug/traffic/prostitution community."
      • Denver Post, "Former Grand Junction cop still haunted by bizarre rash of homicides in 1975", 2012/05/19 (pages 1, 2, 3, 4): "On April 6, serial killer Ted Bundy bought fuel at a gas station where Rushing’s brother worked, Rushing said. Coincidentally, a girl resembling many of Bundy’s victims, Denise Oliverson, disappeared while riding a bike. The next day her bike and shoes were found but not her, according to a Grand Junction Sentinel article. Three months later in July a “ghost” murdered Linda Benson, 24, and Kelley Ketchum, 5, Rushing said. It would take decades before DNA would identify the mysterious killer, who had never been on the radar for Rushing and two detectives while they tirelessly investigated the case in 1975 and the years to come. The man was suspected serial killer Jerry Nemnich . Authorities arrested Nemnich in 2009. Nemnich became a person of interest in the murder of June Kowaloff, a 20-year-old mathematics major at the University of Denver On Aug. 22, Patricia Botham and neighbor Linda Miracle and her two sons Chad and Troy were murdered. Patricia’s husband Kenneth was later convicted of their murders and sentenced to life in prison. Before the terrifying year was up there would be one more shocking homicide in the bucolic city of Grand Junction. It would prove to be the most difficult to solve. Shortly before 6 p.m. on Dec. 27, 1975, a Saturday, the partially clothed body of Deborah Kathleen Tomlinson, 19, was discovered in the bathroom of an apartment at 1029 Belford Ave. She had lived alone in the ground-floor apartment a block south of Mesa College, where she attended school. Tomlinson’s hands were tied behind her back, according to an article that appeared in The Denver Post two days later. Evidence indicated she had also had been sexually assaulted, according to a Grand Junction Sentinel article. [...] Grand Junction spokeswoman Kate Portas said currently there are no suspects in the Tomlinson case. But despite all the years that have passed she holds out hope the case will be solved some day."
      • The Killing Season by Alex French (2016) - preview
      • From l.900 of The Killing Season: "There were rumors Chief Meyers took cash for looking the other way on prostitution and drugs. When it became too much to ignore, the city council president (a former police chief) asked Fromm to investigate in secret. That's the way Fromm tells it, at least. He says he stole the key to the chief's file cabinet. Slipped into the office late one weekend night when he imagined Meyers would be out with his buddies. But then Chief caught him snooping. The next day the brass kept Fromm in interrogation for four hours. Worked him over good."
      • Linda Miracle and Pat Botham murders - on August 23
        • SUSPECTS: The Botham / Miracle Murders by Marti Talbott (2010)
        • Junction podcast episodes (show notes) - says that Butch Goad and wife Arlene Goad were "told by Patricia that her and Linda were going to come forward with some news that was going to shock the whole town"
        • Reddit comment about another Colorado murder suspect who brought up the Botham and Miracle murders: "Incidentally, this case was referred to briefly by one of the witnesses to a murder case currently in the courts, the retrial of Lester Jones, who is accused of murdering Paige Birgfeld. One of the other suspects in that case, Steven Heald, who took the stand a couple days ago, was said by another witness to have mentioned the case "out of the blue" when they had met to discuss business several years ago, at the Bridgeport road where it intersects US 50. The witness found it alarming that Mr. Heald had mentioned the discovery of the bodies that were "thrown off the abandoned bridge" up the road, for no apparent reason in the midst of their business discussion. As it happens, the victim's remains in this case were found in this vicinity as well, near Wells Gulch adjacent to the Gunnison River, a few miles away from the Bridgeport Road."
          • Denver Post, "Mesa County: arrest made in death of soccer mom turned escort", 2014/11/22 (pages ..., 5, ...): "They investigated Steven Heald, 44, then the manager of Blue Star Industries. He had written checks to Paige. When Sgt. Josh Warner interviewed Heald, he said he once asked Paige if she was ever afraid of the johns she met and she replied, “no more than I’m afraid of my ex-husband.” He said that Paige offered a deal in which Paige would give the construction company Pampered Chef products to new home buyers. She also did odd cleaning jobs for Blue Star for money. Two days before her disappearance he had lunch with her and she said she was trying to refinance her home."
          • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Witness: Birgfeld blackmail story was a lie", 2016/08/25: "A former client of slain Grand Junction call girl and single mother Paige Birgfeld said Thursday that early in the investigation he fabricated a story to law enforcement that she was blackmailing him in order to avoid coming under scrutiny himself. Steven Heald, a former Delta resident, testified Thursday that, even though he seemingly gave himself a motive in Birgfeld’s 2007 disappearance by claiming she was demanding hush money to hide their sexual relationship from Heald’s wife, that story was a lie, and he had nothing to do with her death. “She never blackmailed me,” Heald said on the witness stand. “(At the time) I am trying to protect myself and trashing someone who did not deserve to be trashed.” Defense attorneys have presented Heald as one of several alternate suspects they say could have kidnapped and killed Birgfeld instead of Lester Ralph Jones, who is standing trial for the crime. Law enforcement briefly investigated Heald as a suspect, but ultimately cleared him after his alibi was verified, according to testimony Thursday."
          • Dateline NBC, episode on the Paige Birgfeld murder with reporter Keith Morrison, 2017/04/01: "reporter: so they let him go too, for the moment. the other clients? hautzinger knew one of them very well, a prominent real estate investor named steven heald. he was almost as well known in town as rob dixon and, like dixon, for the wrong reasons. investigator: the first major case i handled when i came to this jurisdiction was his multi-million dollar fraud case. i mean, i had prosecuted him and sent him to prison back in the early '90s for that. so when he came up again as a suspect in the birgfeld matter it was interesting. reporter: when detectives questioned him, heald admitted he embezzled money from his company to pay for dates with paige. but then, he claimed, paige turned the tables on him. investigator: he made allegations that she was essentially blackmailing him asking for extra money. reporter: what a motive. except heald's wife supplied an alibi -- they were home that night, reading, watching tv. so heald seemed to be in the clear -- which made it all the more shocking when -- after being questioned by detectives -- heald attempted suicide. that, d.a. hautzinger assumed, was not guilt but shame."
      • Denise Oliverson disappearance - on April 8
        • Greeley Daily Tribune, "Colorado officers want to question man held in Utah jail", 1975/11/01: "And Grand Junction Police Chief Ben Meyers also confirmed to a reporter that the Bundy credit card had been used in his city on the date of the Oliverson disappearance."
        • From p.11 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "Lt. Ron Smith of the Grand Junction, Colorado Police Dept. then spoke. [...] He then went on to his second victim, which might be related to the other homicides being discussed at this meeting. On April 6, 1975 one Denise Oliverson of Grand Junction got on her bicycle and was never seen again. The bicycle was found ten blocks away, three blocks from the river. Oliverson is 5'4½ tall, brown hair, blue eyes. Her shoes were found close to the bicycle."
        • Daily Kent Stater, "Bundy's death ends ordeal for families", 1989/01/26: "In Grand Junction, Colo., the father of a woman believed to have been murdered by Bundy said he was relieved, although investigators said Bundy did not confess to the slaying. “We’re just happy he’s been executed because it should have happened a long time ago,” said Robert Nicholson, father of Denise Oliverson."
        • Associated Press, "URGENT Governor’s Office Releases Tape Bundy Made Before Execution", 1989/01/26
        • Orlando Sentinel, "Bundy Detailed 2 Slayings 45 Minutes Before Execution", 1989/01/27: "They then discussed Denise Lynn Oliverson, 24, who disappeared while bicycling in Grand Junction, Colo., on April 6, 1975. Bundy had discussed the case earlier with Mike Fisher, an investigator for the Garfield County district attorney in Vail, Colo. "I believe that the date would have been April 1975," Bundy said. "The young woman's body would have been placed in the Colorado River about five miles west of Grand Junction. It was not buried.""
        • KJCT, "Investigator in Grand Junction Ted Bundy case still haunted by alleged murder", 2019/02/01: "Doug Rushing doesn't forget much. [...] "I've often thought about Denise Lynn Oliverson," Rushing, an investigator on the Oliverson case in 1975, said. [...] In 1989, just a few days before he was put to death, Bundy confessed to investigators in Florida that he had dumped Oliverson's body in the Colorado River near Grand Junction. "We were glad to hear him say that he had actually killed her," Rushing said. "It is always terrible not to get a closure on something like that." Despite Bundy's claim, Oliverson's body still hasn't been found to this day."
        • Fort Collins Coloradoan, "Almost 45 years later, case finally closed for Ted Bundy's last known Colorado victim", 2019/08/06: "Earlier this year, the Grand Junction Police Department decided to revisit the case after renewed public interest in Bundy. Due to increased requests from media — including the Coloradoan, which released its special podcast series, "Hunted: Inside Ted Bundy's Trail of Terror" in January — Grand Junction investigators worked to confirm reports that just minutes before his 1989 execution, Bundy confessed to murdering Oliverson and throwing her body in the Colorado River. After reviewing confession tapes and talking to investigators who interviewed Bundy on death row, the Grand Junction Police Department reclassified Oliverson's disappearance from a missing persons case to a homicide case in May. They also closed the case because Bundy, their lead suspect, had been dead for 30 years."
      • Linda Lee Clark "murder-suicide" of Miles Cody Clark and Knolly Thouth Clark - on June 6
        • From the Botham website case overview: "A 24 year old mother and her infant child in Whitewater, near Grand Junction, found shot, her infant wounded in the head, classed as tragic murder-suicide, June 7. Police, reinvestigating after August 23rd murders, stated it was just that. The woman's mother disagrees. The dead woman knew both Linda's. Allegedly involved with drugs."
      • Linda Benson murder - on July 25
        • Her murder is the focal point of The Killing Season
        • Denver Post, "Rapist held in 1975 murders", 2009/04/10: "According to a July 27, 1975, Denver Post article, the bodies of Benson and her daughter were discovered on a Friday afternoon in their apartment. [...] Neither victim was raped."
        • Grand Junction Police Department, case no. 75-3545 - original case file begins on p.1395; interesting pages include 1491 1517 1523 1526 1531 1537 1541 1557 1574 1587 1603 1607 1623 1628 1633 1646 1675 1678 1718 1724 1733 (statements by Linda's mother Barbara Himmerite including her suspicion that Steve Benson and Ted Bundy "probably ran dope together" which led to Bundy meeting Linda and Judy) 1740 1746 1753 1777 (statement of a witness relating how Linda said that she was "not in that scene anymore" after someone, who was later involved in drug store holdups and a police shootout in Utah, asked her for "downers" while they were high on heroin)
        • From l.376 of The Killing Season: "A cross was carved into her sternum, between her breasts."
        • From l.558 of The Killing Season: "Word around Junction was that the stab wounds suffered by Linda and Kelley formed a particular pattern that linked them to cult killings in California."
        • From l.710 of The Killing Season: "There were rumors around town (none of them substantiated) that Steve Benson was running stolen guns and drugs—marijuana packed into hollowed-out bullet casings. There were murmurs that he'd been behind on a narcotics payment. A member of Lawrence Himmerite's church group told the police, I'll tell you what, though. Linda was into the drug scene. I believe she had knowledge of the numerous heavy pushers around the Valley and that put her into considerable danger. Once she said to me, "If you only knew who the dealers are . . . big shots.""
        • From l.913 of The Killing Season: "STEVE GOAD, A race car enthusiast who lived in the Chateau Apartments, saw Ted Bundy on TV and said, Oh my God. That's my boy! He remembered so clearly seeing that face in the parking lot out back on the night Linda and Kelley were murdered. The police brought the hypnotist in to work with Goad. It was around 2 a.m. He looked like he was nursing something that was hurt. Ribs maybe. I looked him dead in the eyes. Cold black eyes that I'll never forget. He was real close. I thought he was going to rumble."
        • From p.11 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "Lt. Ron Smith of the Grand Junction, Colorado Police Dept. then spoke. [...] He also mentioned another homicide involving the work of possibly an occult-oriented murderer. He said this victim was found with seven slash wounds across her chest and an unusual cross carved in her breast, which he drew an example of. He mentioned that if anyone had any information with occult type homicide to contact him."
        • Death of sister in 1974
          • From the Botham website case overview: "The previous year (July 1974) Linda Benson's older sister, Judith Ketchum, is found dead at a campground just outside of Aspen (Pitkin County). Authorities ruled it a drug-overdose. The head sheriff, however, was investigating a plane crash and Judith's body was suspiciously whisked away and embalmed before family members could request an autopsy."
          • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Young Junction woman's death attributed to natural causes", 1974/07/09: "The death of a Grand Junction woman, discovered Monday at an eastern Pitkin County campground, is being attributed to natural causes, according to a district attorneys investigator here. Investigator Michael Fisher told The Sentinel today the death of Judee Ketchum, 22, appeared to be from natural causes. He said circumstances surrounding Miss Ketchum's death indicated little possibility of foul play or suicide. He said an autospy would be performed in Denver to determine the exact cause of death."
          • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, obituary for Judee Ketchum Lake, 1974/07/10: "Mrs. Judee Ketchum Lake, 22, of 3347 Road G, who died unexpectedly Monday at Chapman Reservoir campground while vacationing in the Ruedi area, had lived in Grand Junction since 1961. She was employed at Delta Products. The Ketchum family came here from North Platte, Neb., where she was born Feb. 6, 1952. Surviving are her husband, Phil Lake; her mother, Mrs Barbara Himmerite; two brothers, Mark and Danny Ketchum, and two sisters, Linda and Tammy Ketchum all of Grand Junction."
          • Fort Collins Coloradoan, "Body of young woman identified", 1974/07/11: "The body of a young woman found in the Chapman Reservoir Campground near here Monday has been identified as that of a 22-year-old Grand Junction woman, Judy Ketchum, authorities reported Tuesday. Assistant Dist. Atty. Mike Fisher of Aspen said the woman apparently died of natural causes. Her death was first reported as a possible homicide when the body was found. Fisher said the woman had a history of poor health and had seen a Glenwood Springs doctor [...]"
      • Jerry Nemnich as a serial killer
        • Denver Post, "Rapist held in 1975 murders", 2009/04/10: "Nemnich has an extensive sexual-assault history. His first case was in Nebraska when he was 16 in 1960. In 1961, at 17, he was convicted of rape with a weapon and served a prison term in Colorado, said Katherine Sanguinetti, Colorado Department of Corrections spokeswoman. In 1968, he was imprisoned for assault with intent to rape, according to CBI records. In 1974, he was arrested in Boulder for rape using a weapon, kidnapping and assault, according to CBI records. The disposition of the case is not known. Between 1978 and 1992, he served a prison sentence for a Denver rape."
        • Boulder Daily Camera, "Longmont man arrested in 1975 Grand Junction killings", 2009/04/10
        • Boulder Daily Camera, "Longmont suspect investigated in '73 DU killing", 2009/09/02: "Two years earlier, June Kowaloff, a 20-year-old mathematics major, was fatally stabbed outside her apartment at 2301 S. Race St. in Denver early on a Saturday morning. Denver cold-case detectives are investigating whether Nemnich killed Kowaloff, according to Sgt. Anthony Parisi. "We have reopened the case," Parisi said. "We are reinterviewing witnesses." Investigators are going to compare semen found on the woman to Nemnich's DNA, according to sources."
        • Denver Post, "DU student raped, stabbed after accident" by Kirk Mitchell, 2009/09/05: pages 1, 2, 3 - has this weird detail: "In the early 1990s, New York City attorney Arthur Kowaloff got a call from the same Denver detective who had worked on the investigation of his sister’s murder 19 years earlier. The detective told him he was going to seek a DNA test of a man who had been a suspect in June’s death all along. Arthur Kowaloff said he couldn’t recall the suspect’s name. The detective wanted to test the man to determine whether he was the killer before his release from prison. Arthur Kowaloff never heard from the detective again."
        • ABC7 Denver, "Longmont Trucker Explains DNA In Mother-Daughter Slayings", 2010/10/26
        • GJPD Patrol, "Past and Present Come Together for a Conviction", 2010/10/29: "In 1960 Nemnich raped a 15-year-old girl at knifepoint."
        • From l.1133 of The Killing Season: "Bullard called up Nemnich’s rap sheet. He found an arrest in late August of 1960 for rape, assault, and car theft in North Platte, Nebraska. (North Platte was Where Barbara Himmerite was from, Bullard remembered.) Nemnich was just fifteen years old the first time he got put away. He stayed fourteen months in a Lincoln, Nebraska, reformatory. The day he was released, police from Boulder County picked him up and brought him back to Colorado on rape charges. Nemnich negotiated a plea agreement and served as a guest of the state until 1963; he was nineteen. When he was released. Six months later he was picked up again, this time in Grand Junction, for passing bad checks. He served four years. In May of 1968, Nemnich was arrested just hours after entering a home in Pueblo through an unlocked front door and sexually assaulting a woman. He threatened her with a cleaver. Witnesses spotted him casing the neighborhood before the attack. He was just about to turn thirty when he was released in 1973. Once free, Nemnich landed in Denver. He got caught trying to shoplift a carton of cigarettes in 1975 but otherwise managed to avoid serious trouble until 1978, when he kidnapped a woman at gunpoint, forced her into a vacant apartment, and raped her. The Department of Corrections (DOC) sent over booking photos. In 1968, Nemnich had been bookish and prim, with thick, black-framed glasses and a hairline in prompt retreat. In the photos from ’75 and ’78, he had long, shaggy hair, a thick beard, and dark-tinted prescription glasses. His facial features were hardly visible behind the hair and the spectacles, but there was no hiding the menace."
      • Tracy Freitas death - on October 5
        • From the Botham website case overview: "Oct 5, 1975, teenage girl Tracy Freitas, found dead in a local pond. She babysat for Linda Benson and Linda Miracle, and possibly experimented or used illegal drugs."
      • Richard Deavens and Bobby Wilson drug charges
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Junction cop arrested on pot charges", 1975/10/09: "A Grand Junction policeman and a former City Council candidate arrested late Wednesday for possession and selling less than an ounce of marijuana were released on bond this morning following a preliminary hearing in Mesa County Court. Dist Atty. Terry Farina, presiding in the place of the four county and district judges who are in Colorado Springs at a judicial conference, advised Patrolman Richard Deavens, 27, and Bobby Earl Wilson, 27, 138 N. Sixth, of their rights. He set bond at $1,000 for Deavens and $500 for Wilson. Deavens also has been charged with officials misconduct of a public official and conspiracy to commit official misconduct. Wilson has a charge of conspiracy to commit official misconduct against him as well. [...] Police chief Ben Meyers said the three-month long investigation which proceded the arrests involved not only the city police staff, but also the Colorado Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and investigators with Farinas office. He said it began with tips received from several citizens. [...] Wilson was arrested by Capt. Ed Vandertook and Lt. Bob Evers in the 900 block of Orchard at 5.25 p.m. Deavens was arrested at the police department at p.m. by Lt. Ron Smith and Sgt. Fred Albrecht. Meyers said Deavens, who has been with the force since March 1974, has been suspended without pay pending the outcome of the case."
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Testimony reveals CBI agent posed as crime syndicate figure", 1976/02/14: "[State Revenue Director Joe] Dolan said he would have to first review the testimony of witnesses and compare it with the 30-page transcript of a taped conversation that took place in a bugged motel room last Oct. 7 between Wilson, former Grand Junction policeman Richard Deavens and a Colorado Bureau of Investigation (CBI) agent, Ken Brown, posing as a member of the Mafia. Dolan would not authorize giving copies of the transcript to the media after attorney objected that prior publication could affect the upcoming trial in County Court March 4 involving marijuana charges against Deavens and Wilson. After the hearing he told the news media he could not say how long it will be before he decides whether to grant Wilson a license for Oliver's at 323 Rood. [...] During his 30 minutes of testimony, Brown told Dolan he set up the meeting by having an informant named Rick Hampton tell Deavens two days before he knew a businessman who had some money to invest. Wilson said they didn't know of the purported Mafia connection until they were in the motel room. Brown testified in the morning how he posed as a Mafioso by the name of Mr. Rico who met the two men for a couple of hours in the motel room and said the Mafia would put up money for the bar. He said he did it because the CBI was investigating Deavens, who was on the force at the time, on the request of unnamed local law enforcement officers who had heard he was a narcotics dealer. The meeting with Wilson was part of a guise to check out Deavens, whom Wilson said he had known for 20 years. In return for the Mafia investment, Brown said the Mafia would bring in narcotics and prostitutes and give the two men a percentage of the action. [...] Brown confirmed the transcript statement attributed to Wilson that he repeatedly said he didn't want any part of the proposal. Wilson reiterated the point Friday, saying he had no intentions of agreeing to Brown's offer after hearing it. He said Deavens was a friend whom he mentioned to City Personnel Director Pat Bittle in 1973 when she asked him if he knew of any minorities qualified for police work. [...] Deavens testified he had no financial connection to the bar enterprise."
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Ex-police chief must testify at former policeman's trial", 1976/02/18: "Grand Junction's former police chief, Ben Meyers, will have to testify at the marijuana possession trial of Richard Deavens and Bobby Wilson on March 4, Mesa County Judge Harold Moss ruled Tuesday afternoon. [...] Deavens, a former policeman, and Wilson, a Department of Employment worker, were arrested last October on the possession charge, involving less than one ounce of marijuana given to a Colorado Bureau of Investigation undercover agent. [...] Meyers told the court that, as police chief, he had heard rumors that Deavens, a Grand Junction policeman, was involved in narcotics deals. Meyers said there were more rumors than usual about Deavens, and Flowers asked if he felt there was some reason. "Because he's black," Meyers replied. "Does that concern you?" Flowers asked. "Yes, it does," Meyers replied. [...] Meyers related that a Colorado Bureau of Investigation agent was called in, at his request, as an undercover agent. But he testified he was not present at any actual transactions between the CBI agent, Deavens and Wilson. He also testified the arrests of the two men last October were on probable cause, without warrants."
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Contrasting testimony given in county court jury trial", 1976/04/15: "Deavens took the witness stand this morning, after a number of police officers had testified for the defense in the jury trial. [...] Several of them testified that Deavens had told them he was concerned about a telephone call he had gotten at the police station from a Kathy McDonald asking that he sell her drugs. There was also testimony that Deavens told some of them he felt he was being set up. Some also remembered that he had asked them for identification checks but they could put no date on those requests nor could they remember names. Deavens told the court that he had been contacted by Sam Antonopoulos of the Athens Motel, who had a man named Rick Hampton who was interested in a bar-lounge being planned at 323 Rood. Deavens said he told Hampton he would get in touch with the owner, Bobby Wilson. On the following Tuesday, Deavens testified he and Wilson met with Hampton and aaman identified as Joe Rico, who claimed to be a member of the Mafia. Rico asked him "five or six times" for marijuana, speed, and other drugs, and Deavens testified he told Rico he didn't know where to get it. [...] Deavens claimed there was no discussion of an agreement on money to be given by Rico to the proposed club. [...] He told the court he had attempted to check Rico out in the police department without success four times. He said he was told he couldn't get anything without a date of birth. [...] During prosecution testimony Tuesday afternoon, CBI undercover agent Kenneth Brown testified that he had come to Grand Junction as Joe Rico. He said he had been brought to Grand Junction by the police to check rumors that Deavens was involved in narcotics. Brown said he had told Deavens and Wilson that he would finance the bar for them, if it could be a front for gambling, prostitution and narcotics. "They said they did not want any part of my activity, but would allow my activity at their bar," Brown testified. [...] Brown also testified that they had given him a small bag of marijuana, as an evidence of good faith."
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Ex-cop, pal guilty in drug charge", 1976/04/16: "Richard Deavens and Bobby Wilson, charged with giving a small amount of marijuana to an undercover agent, were found guilty by a Mesa County Court jury about 8:50 p.m. Thursday. However, they were found innocent of additional charges related to official misconduct. [...] During the hearings, both Deavens and Wilson were on the witness stand, denying claims by Colorado Bureau of Investigation Agent Kenneth Brown that they had told him they would furnish him police information and obtain a bar-lounge license through city council contacts. [...] Acting Police Chief Ed Vander Took said this morning there has been no final official action on Deavens termination from the policeforce. He said former police Chief Ben Meyers had recommended Deavens be terminated, on the basis of the accusations against him. This action was taken, and Deavens appealed the decision to City Manaager Harvey Rose. Rose has not yet handed down his decision, Vander Took said."
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Rose upholds firing of policeman", 1976/04/29: "The firing of former Grand Junction policeman Richard Deavens has been upheld by City Manager Harvey Rose following a formal grievance hearing at city hall Tuesday. [...] Deavens was suspended from duty without pay Oct. 8 following his arrest, and that of Bobby Wilson of Grand Junction, the same day on a charge of possession and selling less than an ounce of marijuana. [...] Rose's decision backed the termination action made by former Police Chief Ben Meyers on Jan. 12, an action that was delayed after Deavens appealed on Jan. 26 [...] Rose noted In his written decision that it was based on not just the marijuana conviction, but also citizen complaints involving drinking in uniform while off duty, another jury finding Deavens guilty of three charges for writing short checks and an incident where Deavens and Wilson discussed with a state undercover agent bringing organized crime into a bar Wilson was planning. [...] Rose noted Deavens' contention that he was investigating the organized crime incident for the police department, but pointed out that Deavens' supervisors had no knowledge of it. The manager said Deavens' argument that he didn't contact his superiors because they had ignored him on a previous issue involving a woman who wanted to buy marijuana from him was "at the very least... showed poor judgment." That statement also applied to the drinking in uniform incident which Deavens had admitted to city officials."
      • Deborah Tomlinson murder - on December 27
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Scholarship is memorial", 1975/12/31: "Presently, Meyers said, seven officers are working on the case under the direction and including sergeants, Fred Albrecht and Jerry Frazier, and Lt. Robert Evers."
        • KUSA, "Police solve 1975 cold case involving murder, sex assault of 19-year-old woman", 2020/12/02: "Investigators said they gathered evidence and performed interviews with neighbors and possible suspects, but weren't able to find enough evidence to charge a suspect. The case then went cold. In 2019, GJPD re-looked at the case with new eyes. Earlier this year, homicide investigators asked for a Virginia-based company's services. Parabon Nanolabs has a DNA analysis service called "Snapshot" that other law enforcement agencies have used before after exhausting other traditional DNA methods, GJPD said. Parabon created a genetic profile from Tomlinson's crime scene by comparing it with a public genealogy database, hoping to find people who shared DNA with Tomlinson's killer. From there. family trees were built and newspaper obituary archives and other public records were scoured to narrow down possibilities before a final list of leads was issued, police said. After receiving the final list of leads, Grand Junction Police investigators continued the investigation. leading them to identify Jimmy Dean Duncan as Tomlinson's killer. [...] Police said investigators got a DNA swab from one of Duncan's relatives and submitted it to the Colorado Bureau of Investigation (CBI) for comparison with the original DNA evidence. CBI confirmed that Duncan was Tomlinson's killer after analyzing the DNA according to Parabon's Snapshot parameters, police said. Duncan had not been identified as a suspect during the initial investigation, police said."
        • KKCO, "Deborah Tomlinson murder case solved after 45 years", 2020/12/03: "Duncan died of unknown causes in 1987. He was 26 years old at the time of Tomlinson’s murder. The Grand Junction Police Department is still investigating a potential motive for the killing, though Duncan did have a criminal history. He had previously been involved in a robbery and a separate shooting in Florida."
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "GJPD detective helps solve second cold case from 1975 or 'The Year of Fear'", 2020/12/04: "It’s been nearly 45 years since the body of 19-year-old Deborah Tomlinson was found bound, sexually assaulted and strangled to death in a Grand Junction apartment. [...] Through DNA evidence, investigators identified Jimmie Dean Duncan, 26 at the time, as the man who killed Tomlinson’s daughter. Though Duncan reportedly died in 1987, this revelation still provided closure and satisfaction for a father left in the dark for decades. [...] Tomlinson became the year’s sixth murder case in Mesa County and the 11th victim, [...] Detective Crocker said 1975 was dubbed the “Year of Fear” in Grand Junction. This is now the second cold case he has been part of resolving from that bloody year. [...] The same CODIS system that helped convict Nemnich is the one used to identify Duncan as Tomlinson’s alleged killer. [...] In March of 2019, the Tomlinson case was opened back up. Detectives started pouring over old notes and interviews. [...] Detectives put him in the Grand Junction-area at the time of the murder through interviews and, using DNA samples from one of Duncan’s relatives, they were able to get a match. Essentially, detectives were able to match DNA found at Tomlinson’s crime scene to Duncan’s using CODIS. The new system looks at genetic genealogy and uses advanced DNA testing in combination with innovative genetic analysis, sophisticated identification techniques and traditional genealogical methods to establish the relationship between an individual and his/her ancestors. [...] Crocker said that Duncan’s relative consented to the test, but if they didn’t, he believed there was enough evidence for the court to demand the sample. He also said detectives were able to eliminate the relative as a suspect."
        • Find A Grave memorial page for Jimmie Dean Duncan
      • Other potential victims in Grand Junction
        • From l.888 of The Killing Season: "GRAND JUNCTION, IT seemed, was overrun by evil. At a motel on Horizon Drive in Grand Junction, Detective Montgomery busted a drifter for using hot credit cards. When Montgomery went through the man's wallet, he found IDs for two young Oregon women who'd mysteriously disappeared weeks earlier. Out on the interstate, sheriff's deputies and state troopers arrested three men from the FBI's most-wanted list."
      • UFO cult in Grand Junction at the time - later infamous as Heaven's Gate
        • Washington Post, "KEEPER OF HEAVEN'S GATE WAS AN EARTHLING NAMED MARSHALL APPLEWHITE", 1997/03/28: "For more than two decades, they had been known as "The Two." They were soft-spoken and secretive, a nurse and one of her former patients. They called themselves Bo and Peep, or sometimes Tiddly and Wink, or even Winnie and Pooh. Marshall Herff Applewhite and Bonnie Lu Trousdale Nettles had a knack for winning publicity. In 1975, they made it onto Walter Cronkite's newscast, "a group of earthlings who believe they're on their way to a rendezvous" with a rocket ship from outer space. According to academic studies and news accounts, he was a music professor who had sung 15 roles with the Houston Grand Opera and was said to resemble Mister Rogers in manner and voice. She had left medicine to become an astrologer, and left her family to join Applewhite in a spiritual journey. Both were once dedicated Christians. And both came to believe that they were aliens from the "next level," sent to Earth to find converts who would join them in a return to outer space."
        • Baltimore Sun, "Cult leader seduced 20 people from town on Ore. coast in '75 Most returned, wonder what impulse drew them", 1997/03/30: "WALDPORT, Ore. -- This seaside village, a pastiche of lighthouses, tidal pools, and cedar-shingled bed and breakfasts, does not look like a source for new members in a UFO cult. But Aaron Greenberg remembers the day when he and about 150 people -- one quarter of the town's population -- eagerly packed a motel hall to hear Marshall Herff Applewhite, who was called Bo at the time, lecture on the topic "UFOs -- why they are here, who they have come for, when they will leave." "There was this compulsion," Greenberg recalled of the standing-room-only crowd that attended the September 1975 lecture. . "It was like Richard Dreyfuss in 'Close Encounters' when he was making that tower of mashed potatoes." Within days after the lecture, about 20 people, including Greenberg, had left town to join the cult, going first to Grand Junction, Colo., for a gathering of more than 400 people seeking an eventual rendezvous with a UFO."
        • Denver Post, "Rapist held in 1975 murders", 2009/04/10: "The Bensons’ murders occurred during a year when 15 women and children died violently in western Colorado and eastern Utah: [...] There were rumors in the shaken community at the time that some of the murders were cult killings. A UFO cult, led by a couple who called themselves “The Two,” had stayed at Colorado National Monument around the time of the murders."
        • From l.794 of The Killing Season: "For years the Two had been recruiting members across the country. In Spokane, Washington, and the Bay Area and Los Angeles and Ojai and Sedona, Arizona, and Boise, Idaho, and Longmont, Colorado, and western Nebraska. The Two instructed their followers fast. They recommended that, after surrendering all money and material objects, their followers relied on the kindness of church organizations for fuel and sustenance. Sex, drugs, alcohol were forbidden. A young woman from West Allis, Wisconsin, showed authorities a note from her boyfriend, a twenty-two-year-old surveyor: "I've seen the light, and I'm going to follow it. There's so little time left." Police in Fox Lake, Illinois, linked the group to a string of cattle mutilations and murders plaguing Midwestern farmers." - note that West Allis WI is where Jeffrey Dahmer's grandmother lived
    • Brother and Fort Lauderdale FL police officer Bob Campbell
      • Fort Lauderdale News, "Machete-Wielding Man Sets House On Fire, Fends Off Policemen", 1975/01/31: "A machete-wielding arsonist possibly aggitated by marital problems set fire to an empty house this morning and tried to cut police officers who arrested him minutes later, police said. Police arrested Wilmer Vassor, 25, of 915 NW Third Ave., and charged him with arson and aggravated assault against a police officer. Police later today said Vassor was a mentally disturbed person and that they will place him in a state hospital under the Baker Act. Officers Dave Ecklund and Robert Campbell said they were directed to the fire at 3:45 a.m. by witnesses who said they saw a man torching a house at 909 NW Third Ave."
      • Fort Lauderdale News, "The Truglia Jury — 10 Hours Of Anger", 1976/08/15 (pages 1, 17, 18): "But, the four holdouts would not give in. They asked to hear again the testimony of Officer Robert R. Campbell, of the Fort Lauderdale Police Department, who was one of the first policemen to arrive in the bloodstained room on NW 15th Street and talk to Truglia. It was read back to them by the court clerk. They heard again Campbell's words, how he saw Mary Lou Truglia lying on the floor, her mouth smeared with blood and her tooth chipped off. She was hysterical, the young officer said. They heard him relate Truglia's admission at the scene. It hardly varied from the defendant's later statements, and he was "highly upset" at the time. They heard again how Truglia called his .22 a .38 revolver. Most of the jurors thought that a natural mistake to make in the turmoil of the moment. But the four wondered and held out."
      • Fort Lauderdale News, "Woman Shot In Apartment Robbery", 1979/02/09 (pages 6, 8): "While staying at the Las Olas home. Miss Deiss met 26-year-old Kevin Buckley in the neighborhood several days ago. He lives less than a block away in a second floor apartment at 321 Sunset Drive. Buckley, described by police as a yacht broker, was returning to his apartment late last night with a friend, Laurie Doornbosch, 26, of 1520 SE Third Ave. [...] [Susan] Ruhl said she heard one of the men say, "DA" or "DEA," as he met one of the victims at the door. "I thought he meant district attorney," Miss Ruhl said. Detectives, however, believe the intruders were trying to pass themselves off as agents of the federal Drug Enforcement Administration. While rifling through drawers and personal belongings, the two men kept demanding of Buckley, "Where is it? Where is it?" the victims told police. Detectives said Buckley told them he did not know what the men were looking for. The victims added that they could hear the men using walkie-talkies or some other type of radio to communicate with a third person. Finally, according to Miss Ruhl, the intruders received a radio message: "Get out the back door, quick." The two men fled immediately. [...] [Linda Deiss] ran to the Las Olas home where she had been staying and telephoned police. Patrolman Robert Campbell, first to arrive at the Las Olas home and first at the apartment, found the other victims."
      • Fort Lauderdale News, "Burglars plunder area near city docks", 1979/10/23: "Houseboat dwellers in downtown Fort Lauderdale are on the alert for burglars who made off with three mopeds and a bicycle in the dark of the night, part of a pattern of thefts along the New River near the Andrews Avenue Bridge that has gotten worse in recent weeks. [...] "Mopeds in general are a pretty hot item. Whenever we get a report, we pass it on to whoever is on duty," said officer Bob Campbell of the department's larceny section."
      • Fort Lauderdale News, "State quizzes parents after baby's found alone, crying", 1980/03/10 (pages 1b, 2b): "State officials today were interviewing the parents of an 8-month-old baby removed from his home last night after neighbors complained to police that the child had been left alone for several hours. The child, identified as Billy Prince Jr., was found alone in his northeast Fort Lauderdale home by a neighbor, who then summoned police. [...] "The baby appeared neglected. . . but not otherwise mistreated," said Officer Pete Balcunas. After police were unable to locate Rita Diane Dycus and Billy Prince Sr., identified by the neighbor as the child's parents, little Billy was cleaned up and taken to police headquarters. "I was driving with one hand and holding the baby with the other," said Balcunas. While the baby snuggled comfortably in the arms of Community Service Aide Leslie Montgomery, Balcunas along with Officer Gary Mcintosh and Sgt. Bob Campbell tried for several hours to find little Billy a home for the night. "You're telling me we have to keep this child?" said an exasperated Campbell during a telephone conversation with a nursing supervisor at Broward General Medical Center. "Are we so tied up in the bureaucratic structure that we can't beat it for five minutes?" A nursing supervisor, Campbell said, insisted the child would have to be turned over in the morning to HRS and that in the meantime the hospital could do nothing. "We don't keep diapers and baby food at a police station," Campbell said. The police sergeant said he next called two personal friends who work for HRS. "Both said they weren't working and to call someone else," he said."
      • Fort Lauderdale News, "Out of luck: Annual influx of destitutes begins when fall winds blow", 1980/10/19: "The paramedics and police try to decide what to do with Florice. "Come on, dear. We're going to give you a ride. You can't be sleeping on this bench," says Fort Lauderdale patrolman Robert Campbell. "You're not playing games, are you?" challenges Florice. "Do I look like I'm playing games?" responds Campbell. He piles Florice into the back of a patrol car and heads for the Broward Alcoholism Rehabilitation Center. It's a nightly assignment."
      • While it is perhaps unlikely to be the same person, an Atlanta police recruit during the Atlanta child murders named Robert Campbell was the one who testified that he heard a splash on the Jackson Parkway bridge and then saw a car turn on its lights and drive slowly across the bridge, crucial to the state establishing that Wayne Williams had dumped a body that night
    • 9th Judicial District Attorney's Office investigator Michael Fisher
      • 2020/02/12 comment by Dave Garms on a post about Frank Tucker: "We, at the Detective Bureau knew of his illegal activities for years. but it hard to get the district Attorney to arrest himself. He was arrogant and crooked as a dog's hind leg. I turned down a job offer as D.A.'s investigator from him because he stunk. Mike Fisher took the next offer...."
      • Note that Fisher was the investigator who ruled the 1974 death of Linda Benson's sister Judy Ketchum to be of natural causes
      • Sun Sentinel, "DETECTIVES NEGLECTED MURDER TIP POLICE SHRUGGED OFF HAMWI CASE DATA", 1993/02/07: "In 1985, police in Colorado gave Fort Lauderdale detectives and prosecutors information indicating that an innocent man had been convicted of murdering a woman and her baby in Broward County in 1983. But John Gordon Purvis languished in prison for almost eight more years before being freed last month. [...] Paul Hamwi, 47, was arrested last month on two charges of first-degree murder, three months after police reopened the investigation into the Nov. 3, 1983, killings. Their evidence shows that Hamwi hired two men to kill his estranged wife, Susan, 38, for $14,000. [...] Bob Beckett Sr., 54, of Las Vegas, was the key who unlocked Purvis' prison cell. [...] Beckett said he and Paul Serio, 47, of White Settlement, Texas, killed Susan at the direction of Paul Hamwi for $14,000. [...] The trail began in 1984 when, one spring morning, two fishermen in the mountains near Aspen found a thawing body of a man that apparently had been covered by snow and ice. The coroner ruled the death accidental, but months later White learned that the man, Glenn McGee, had been beaten to death in a drug-related robbery. He reopened the case. "I found people who also had information about a murder in California from 1981," White said. "The murder was of an 18-year-old girl, but she never had been found." His sources said two Colorado men were involved in that murder. One was named Bob Beckett Sr., who managed two drugstores in the Aspen area. In the meantime, those same sources provided White with enough information to arrest two men who were later convicted of murdering McGee. Then, in April 1985, Beckett's son, Bob Beckett Jr., was arrested by Aspen police on assault charges for beating up his girlfriend, Nicki Rapp. [...] Detective White talked to Beckett Jr. several times about the California murder. A source had told White that Beckett Jr. also was involved. White said Beckett tried to sidestep the California case by indicating his father was involved in the Hamwi killings. [...] White also called then-Assistant State Attorney Rob Carney, who prosecuted Purvis, with the same information. Carney, now a circuit judge, assigned investigator Barbara Barton to the case. In a memo, Barton wrote that she takled with White as well as the Pitkin County, Colo., District Attorney's Office in May 1985 and was briefed on what they knew. [...] In June 1985, still without information, Barton called Mike Fisher, an investigator with the Pitkin District Attorney's Office. Fisher told Barton that Colorado authorities did not want anyone talking to Beckett Jr. or Rapp. Under Colorado law, all such interviews were "discoverable." That meant that if Beckett Jr. became a witness in a future criminal case, the statements would have to be given to defense lawyers, possibly giving them opportunity to cast doubt on his credibility. Barton said there was no more to do until Beckett went to trial on the assault charges. Prosecutor Carney, who had been kept informed, said to close the case unless there were further developments. "Colorado had thrown roadblocks in front of us, as far as talking to Beckett Jr.," Carney said last week."
        • rec.org.sca post by Harold Feld a.k.a. Yaakov HaMizrachi on 1994/04/04 about Society for Creative Anachronism member Paul Serio a.k.a. Duke Angus: "I have read with some alarm the various reactions of certain individuals to the verdict in the Paul Serio trial, particularly the knight who expressed such vehement personal animus. [...] Good gentles, whatever Paul Serio has or has not done in the Society, he surely does not deserve to *die* for it. And die he will, if the jury in the sentencing phase of his trial finds him guilty of committing the murder in a heinous and atrociuos fashion. [...] I would not, perhaps, feel such revulsion if I felt that those who espouse their sentiments upon this Bridge did so because they felt repulsed by what the jury has declared Paul Serio has done (I will confess to having my doubts as to the veracity of the verdict, given the facts surrounding the case and the history of this case in Florida). Yet I detect, in some, a certain glee that it has befallen Angus, simply because they did not like him or his conduct in the Society."
  • Julie Cunningham murder - 1975/03/15 in Vail CO
    • Connection to Salem OR chief of detectives Jim Stovall
      • From p.??? of The Stranger Beside Me:

            Jim Stovall, Chief of Detectives of the Salem, Oregon, Police Department, takes his winter vacation there, working as a ski instructor. His daughter lives there, also a ski instructor.
            Stovall drew a deep breath as he recalled to me that twenty-six-year-old Julie Cunningham was a good friend of his daughter, and Stovall, who has solved so many Oregon homicides, was at a loss to know what had happened to Julie on the night of March 15.
      • Salem Capital Journal, "Detective Tabbed a Top Man", 1970/07/30: "A Salem police detective has been nominated for national policeman-of-the-year, primarily for his work in helping solve the Jerome Brudos murder cases. Sgt. James Stovall, 45, was given the honor when Chief Ben Meyers submitted his name to the contest, sponsored by Parade magazine and the International Association of Chiefs of Police. The winner will be announced in October. Meyers' nomination said, "Sgt. Stovall was instrumental in breaking a case that led to a guilty plea on three counts of first degree murder." The letter says the arrest cleared other crimes Brudos had committed throughout the state and placed many Oregon citizens at ease. Stovall is the first nominee whose name has been submited by Salem since Meyers became chief three years ago. Stovall began work 21 years ago as a uniformed patrolman. He was transferred to the detective section in 1953 and has been one of the department's chief criminal investigators for the past 15 years. He has attended courses in municipal police administration, Willamette University's legal fundamentals class for police officers and Harvard University's school of legal medicine dealing primarily with homicide investigations. Stovall lives at 540 Lefelle St. SE with his wife, Clarice, and their two children."
      • Salem Statesman Journal, "Well-Deserved Honor", 1970/08/01: "The entire Salem community should second the nomination of Detective Sgt. James Stovall as national policeman of the year. He has been nominated by Police Chief Ben Meyers on the basis of his investigation leading to the arrest and conviction of Jerome Brudos in the murder of three girls, but his service to the community both as police officer and citizen covers many years and many areas. In his private life, he is one of the top-ranked ski instructors in the Northwest. His ski school activities at Hoodoo Bowl, involving hundreds of young people each winter, add another dimension to his community service."
      • Salem Capital Journal, "National Police Award to Stovall", 1970/10/03: "Sgt. James Stovall of the Salem police department has been selected as one of the most out-outstanding policemen in the nation. His selection has been announced by editors of Parade Magazine. Stovall will receive the honor along with 11 other policemen next week at the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Conference in Atlantic City, N.J. Stovall will receive the Parade-IACP service award at a session Tuesday. He and Chief of Police Ben Meyers will leave Sunday for the convention. Meyers nominated Stovall last summer. The nomination was primarily based on the sergeant's police work involving the Jerome Henry Brudos case last year. Brudos pleaded guilty to three counts of first-degree murder in connection with the deaths of three young Oregon women. Stovall also was instrumental, Meyers said, in breaking the case which resulted in the arrest of Bobby Ray Robinson, Salem. Robinson is serving a term in the state penitentiary in connection with the death of a Salem woman. Stovall is a 21-year-veteran with the police department and has been a detective since 1953. He presently is assigned as liaison officer with the Marion County district attorney's office. He and his wife, Clarice, live at 540 Lefelle St. SE. They have two children, Mrs. Kenneth (Sherrie) Jern, and James Jr. Both are students at the University of Oregon, Eugene."
      • Salem Statesman Journal, "Salem Police Detective Awarded National Honor", 1970/10/04: "Salem Police Detective Sgt. James Stovall has been named one of 10 honorable - mention recipients in the Parade Magazine-International Association of Police Chiefs (IAPC) annual national policeman of the year awards. Stovall and Salem Police Chief Ben Meyers are in Atlantic City, N.J., to receive the award at the IAPC annual convention today. Before leaving for the convention Meyers pointed out that as an honorable mention winner, Stovall was one of 11 finalists in a selection from thousands of police nominees nationally. Stovall was nominated for the award by Meyers on the basis of his career as a policeman and in community service, and, in particular his work in helping to solve the Jerome Brudos and Bobby Ray Robinson murder cases. "At this one time five criminal homicides, several burglaries, assaults with dangerous weapons, attempted kidnaping and rape were under investigation by the police team headed by Stovall," Meyers said."
      • Salem Capital Journal, "Stewart gets ride in taxicab", 1973/03/07: "Salem City Councilman Steven C. Stewart got a ride home in a taxicab early Tuesday morning after police determined he was only on the "borderline" of intoxication. Stewart was stopped at Broadway and Tryon Avenue NE shortly after 3 a.m. by Marion County Deputy Sheriff Bill Guest. Stewart's car had been weaving along Broadway, Guest reported, and was being operated in an "erratic" manner. City police Lt. Jim Stovall, in command of the late night shift, was called to the scene. His report said that Stewart "had an odor of liquor about his person and on his breath" and his eyes had some "lackluster" features. He said Stewart talked without slurring and walked straight. Stewart told Stovall he had been at "McNary" (presumably the McNary Golf Club north of Keizer) and was on his way home with a friend, Dean Alexander Stiles. A private radio operator who monitored the transmissions between the city and county officers said he heard Guest tell his dispatcher that Stewart asked for consideration because he is a councilman. After conducting the field sobriety tests, Stovall determined that Stewart's condition was "marginal." Stewart was not administered a breathalyzer test. He was not arrested or cited by the officers. Instead Stovall called for a cab to take Stewart home. Stiles walked home. Technically, the incident was a county case because Deputy Guest had made the original traffic stop. But since the incident occurred inside the city limits and involved a city official, Salem police were brought into the investigation "as a matter of courtesy" and ultimately they had the final say. Police Chief Ben Meyers was telephoned by Lt. Del Pixler of the sheriffs office. Meyers said Guest had been instructed to base his judgment on Stovall's recommendation. Stovall indicated he wouldn't have made an arrest. Meyers relied on Stovall's judgment. "I made the final decision that Stewart was not to be arrested," the chief said. Meyers said it is normal procedure to not administer a breathalyzer test until the suspect is placed under arrest. "The test is not used as a crutch," he said. "It is used only as a tool to substantiate what the officer believes in the field." Last month Salem police officers stopped and arrested Atty. Gen. Lee Johnson on a drunk driving charge. He was administered the breath test and cited into court. Meyers said it was a value judgment that ultimately cleared Stewart. He denied any attempted collusion with the sheriff's office to cover up for Stewart. "A department that would turn in the attorney general wouldn't turn its back on a freshman city councilman," he said."
      • Salem Capital Journal, "Almost everybody gets same treatment in Salem", 1973/03/08: "Policemen aren't supposed to stop people unless there is good reason to believe they are drunk. Had the deputy then found Stewart to be sober, he wouldn't have radioed city police; he simply would have apologized to Stewart and gone back on patrol. If the city patrolman accepted the case, he should have handled it normally, arresting or releasing. Once Stovall got into it, he should have done the same thing. Just play it straight, as with any citizen. Somebody even got the acting city manager out of bed, which doesn't figure. ' . Once it was so out of hand, however, why not make the pinch and give the breath test, and move to dismiss the case if it came in under the critical point? That way the thing would have been cleared up, one way or the other. And why, if Stewart was not drunk, couldn't he drive himself home? Why wasn't Stovall's report in the overnight batch along with all the others? We found out, six hours late from other sources. The way it is now, cynics are going to believe we have two patsy police departments, and it's going to be difficult to convince them otherwise."
      • Jackson Hole Guide, "A B&B room of one's own", 1998/12/16 (pages d6, d7): "Like Becker, Wildflower Inn owners Ken and Sherrie Jern thrive on turning people on to the outdoors. The couple worked as ski instructors in Vail before moving to Jackson 20 years ago."
      • Find A Grave memorial for James William Stovall: "James Wm. Stovall December 14, 1924 - September 3, 2017 Salem - Enlisted in the United States Marine Corps in 1943, and at 18 may have been the youngest rifle range coach ever assigned; also a member of the United State Army assigned to the Counter Intelligence School at Oberammergau Germany. Married an Oregon girl, Clarice M. Harms, a War Department Employee at the school in January 1948 - Two Children, Sherrie Y. Jern and James, Jr. and two grandchildren, Jessica A. Jern and Matthew K. Stovall. But Clarice died January 1990, which was a great loss to us all... Salem Oregon Police Officer for 36-1/2 years, having spent most of those years in Criminal Investigations as a detective and lieutenant commanding. I retired December 31, 1985 and moved to the Vail/Beaver Creek Colorado ski country and lived on an exclusive golf course, "Arrowhead at Vail" for more than two years, skiing 80 days per year and fly fishing Eagle River which parallels the golf course, and also fished the Jackson Hole Wyoming area, as well as Yellowstone National Park."
    • Possible association of Bundy with nearby law enforcement officers
      • From p.13 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "Also the Chief of Police of Silverthorne recognized Bundy. The Chief had to go to Breckenridge, Colo. to Court and had stopped by the Holiday Inn in Frisco, also near Vail. He was waiting in the lobby to be seated in the coffee shop. He remembers Bundy coming in, spotting him, turning and leaving. He was wearing a blue ski jacket (wet look) and a yellow turtle neck shirt." - note that Frisco CO is where JonBenet Ramsey murder lead investigator Sgt. Tom Wickman of the Boulder Police Department became police chief in 2002
  • Escape from the Garfield County jail
    • Tacoma News Tribune, "Bundy aided in escape, official says", 1978/05/02: "District Attorney Frank Tucker of Garfield County, Colo., has alleged that former Tacoman Theodore Bundy had help in his escape from the jail in Glenwood Springs, Colo., last New Year's Eve. Tucker's theory was reported in a copyrighted story aired yesterday evening by KMGH-TV in Denver. However, Garfield County Sheriff Robert Hart told The News Tribune in a telephone interview today he knows of no such help, and does not know on what Tucker based his conclusion. THE DENVER TELEVISION station reported Tucker as saying an investigation into the escape is continuing and that indictments could be forthcoming this summer. "I do believe there was collusion," Tucker told reporter Bill O'Reilly. But the district attorney refused to say whether the persons believed to be involved were connected with the jail. Bundy was awaiting trial on first-degree murder charges at the time he escaped by crawling through a hole in the ceiling of his cell. The television station reported that Bundy apparently drove to Stapleton International Airport in Denver, took a flight to an unnamed northern city, and drove from there to Tallahassee, Fla."
    • The Devil's Defender: My Odyssey Through American Criminal Justice from Ted Bundy to the Kandahar Massacre by John Henry Browne (2016) claims that Bundy had an accomplice in his escape who provided him with the car and clothing
  • Chi Omega sorority house murders - 1978/01/15 in Tallahassee FL
    • From p.237 of The Only Living Witness:

          It had been nearly three and a half years since Dr. Daris Swindler, the forensic anthropologist from the University of Washington, had examined the remains of Denise Naslund, Janice Ott, and the nameless third victim found on the Issaquah hillside. Those murders had never been far from his mind, not with the indelible memory of cradling Jan Ott's peculiarly elongated skull in one hand while he compared it with the photograph of her that he held in his other hand.
          On Sunday morning, January 15, 1978, Swindler awoke in Tallahassee, Florida. He and his wife, Cathy, were on their way to a Caribbean vacation and had stopped in Florida capital to visit a favored ex-student, then teaching at FSU.
          When they heard the gruesome news of the Chi Omega slaughter that morning, Cathy Swindler felt “this shudder of recognition.” She remembered the horror of 1974 in Seattle. Their host in Tallahassee also remembered the “Ted” killings and his former professor's involvement in the case. “What are you doing?” he asked jocularly. “Bringing more dead girls along with you from Seattle?”
          Daris Swindler laughed uneasily.
    • Bite mark evidence
      • Florida Supreme Court, no. 57,772: THEODORE ROBERT BUNDY, Appellant v. STATE OF FLORIDA, Appellee, initial brief of appellant, 1982/03/30: "The state shortly thereafter rested its case. Motion for judgment of acquittal was made and dmied (R 9023). Defense counsel announced ready for trial with exhibits (R 9024). The defense began with another rift between counsel and the Defendant (R 9036). It became obvious the defense was not ready as a motion was made to recpen the case for the defense after resting (R 96241, The defense had evidence from blow-ups of the Defendant taken when he was arrested in Pensacola which showed no chip on one of the teeth, a critical point of comparison {R 9978-9984). The Defendant and another witness testified that the chip in the tooth wasmade in jail in Pensacola after the crimes were committed (R 9590). The trial judge found the defense had adequate time to develope the photo (R 98301, and related testimony, and if the evidence had been timely prepared and presented, the court would have admitted it (R 999Q). The failure to procure the evidence was attributed to counsel (R 9998)."
      • Tallahassee Magazine, "An Extra-Ordinary Joe", 2012/07/20: "Yet while prosecutors used the bite marks to put Bundy at the scene of the murders, Aloi says he personally knew the evidence was faulty. That’s because before the trial, when Aloi told Bundy that investigators were going to make an impression of his teeth, “he broke his tooth off right in front of me” using the metal return bar from the typewriter. Bundy told him, “Now let them figure that out.” During his testimony, Souviron matched that gap in Bundy’s teeth to the photograph. But, says Aloi, “Of course it couldn’t be, because I saw him make the gap.”"
    • Dr. Emil Spillman - a "jury expert" for Bundy's defense
      • Associated Press, "Ted Bundy Trial Miami 1979", 1979/06/28: "Ted Bundy, left, accused in the Chi Omega sorority sister murders, leans over the table to offer an opinion to defense counsel Dr. Emil Spillman during jury selection for his murder trial, Wednesday, June 28, 1979, Miami, Fla. Bundy is participating in his own defense, along with a team of public defenders. Spillman is an analytical hypnotist."
      • From p.457 of The Stranger Beside Me: "Dr. Emil Spillman, the Atlanta hypnotist who had been Ted's jury expert, told the press that Ted had truly chosen his own jury. They had to go through seventy-seven potential jurors before they reached a final selection on June 30."
      • Obituary of Emil V. Spillman III who died 2005/08/26: "Emil V. Spillman, III, M.D., age 74, died Friday, August 26, 2005 at the Flint River Community Hospital in Montezuma, GA. Dr. Spillman retired from operating his general practice in the Marietta and Mableton areas for many years. He was a U.S. Marine veteran of the Korean War. A native of Lancaster County, PA., he was the son of the late Emil V. Spillman, Jr. and the late Mable Elizabeth Hogarth Spillman. He is survived by his wife, Martha J. Spillman of Vienna, GA; a son, Capt. Emil E. Spillman of Springfield, VA; three daughters, Rhonell Sedlar of Howell, Mich., Sharon Elizabeth Stadler of Richmond, VA; and Yvette Poling of Clifton, VA; a brother, Harry Spillman of Marietta, GA; and 12 grandchildren."
      • Atlanta Constitution, "Medical Hypnosis Seminar Opens", 1969/10/03: "Dr. William J. Bryan's audience went to sleep on him Thursday. That could be a pretty embarrassing thing for some speakers. Bu not for Bryan. It wasn't that he was dull, boring or unimaginative. He hypnotized them. The demonstration was part of a four-day seminar sponsored by the American Institute of Hypnosis. More than 70 physicians and dentists attended the opening meetings Thursday at the Hilton Inn. Dr. Bryan, who is founder of the institute which has 12,000 doctor and dentists as members, said the seminars are held to stress the importance hypnosis can play in treating patients and to encourage more professional people to use it in their practice. [...] One of me instructors at the seminar is Dr. Emil V. Spillman of Marietta, a medical doctor who has been using hypnosis in his practice for a number of years."
      • Atlanta Constitution, "Medic Gets Year in Jail In Tax Case", 1975/08/23: "An Atlanta-area doctor Friday was sentenced to one year in federal prison to be followed by three years probation for failing to file income tax returns. The U. S. attorney's office identified him as Dr. Emil V. Spillman III of 1631 Timberlake Road in Kennesaw. The physician pleaded guilty in June to three counts of willful failure to file the returns for the years 1968, 1969 and 1971, though he had income of more than $294,000. Spillman, 44, is a graduate of Emory University's medical school and a specialist in medical hypnosis."
      • Atlanta Constitution, "WHERE ARE THEY NOW?", 1998/06/25 - appears to refer to Dr. Spillman's son: "Navy Lt. Cmdr. Emil Spillman, a 1973 graduate of North Cobb High School in Acworth, recently departed on a three-month counter-narcotics deployment to Eastern Pacific and Caribbean international waters aboard the guided missile cruiser USS South Carolina."
    • New York Times, "Bundy Guilty of Murders Of Two Florida Women", 1979/07/25
  • Kimberly Leach - 1978/02/09 in Lake City FL
    • Jacksonville detective James Parmenter having his own children targeted
      • From p.350-351 of The Stranger Beside Me:

            On Wednesday, February 8, 1978, fourteen-year-old Leslie Ann Parmenter left Jeb Stuart Junior High School on Wesconnett Boulevard in Jacksonville a little before 2:00 P.M. Leslie’s father is James Lester Parmenter, chief of detectives for the Jacksonville Police Department, an eighteen-year veteran on the force. She expected to be picked up by her twenty-one-year-old brother, Danny, and she crossed the street in front of the junior high school and entered the K-Mart parking lot, keeping an eye out for Danny.
            Policemen’s children tend to be a bit more careful than the average, are warned of dangers a bit more often. It had not saved Melissa Smith in Midvale, Utah, almost four years earlier. It would save Leslie.
      • Florida Times-Union, "Longtime Jacksonville detective dies at age 84", 2020/05/29: "James “Lester” Parmenter once spent a long night with his partner working to free a dead girl’s body from the ground off Beach Boulevard. She would turn out to be to be Virginia Helm, the fourth of five girls who went missing locally in 1974. She had been shot in the head. [...] Mr. Parmenter was born in Bryceville before his family moved to Jacksonville. He grew up on a chicken farm, ultimately joining the Duval County Road Patrol, which became the Jacksonville Sheriff’s Office in 1968 when it merged with the city police department. [...] A high-profile missing children case in 1974 also drew in the homicide detective, and that’s when he and partner Richard Pruett helped recover Helm’s body. Five girls ages 6 to 12 had been reported missing that summer. Times-Union columnist Mark Woods spoke to Mr. Parmenter in 2009 about that case as part of a column about child homicides. [...] Then on Feb. 8, 1978, his own daughter, then 14, was in peril as she walked home from school, Mr. Parmenter said. His son had gone to get her when he saw a man talking to the girl, claiming he was a firefighter. The son wrote down the license plate of a van parked nearby, then took his sister home. The man turned out to be Ted Bundy, who killed 12-year-old Kimberly Leach in Lake City the next day, then was arrested, tried and convicted, partly because of the help of Mr. Parmenter and his children. [...] After retiring from the Sheriff’s Office in the mid-1980s, Mr. Parmenter worked as an investigator for the Pajcic and Pajcic law firm, helping find witnesses and evidence for cases. He was a Freemason and Shriner, raising money for community projects, his family said. He was married for 59 years to Ruby Ann Milstead Parmenter, who died in 2013. They are survived by children Leslie Blackburn, Andy Parmenter and Danny Parmenter. Mr. Parmenter was buried at Riverside Memorial Park."
      • Obituary for James Lester Parmenter: "James Lester Parmenter was born in Bryceville, Florida, September 18, 1935, to Henry Elam Parmenter and Maebell (Pringle) Parmenter. Lester moved to Jacksonville, Florida when he was 7 years old. He attended Thomas Jefferson Elementary and Middle School and Robert E. Lee High School (Class of 1954). Lester worked in law enforcement for 21 years beginning as a Patrolman with the Duval County Road Patrol (which later became the Jacksonville Sheriff's Office). He spent his last 12 years with the JSO as a Homicide Detective. After retiring from the JSO, he moved on to corporate security for several years. He then became a private investigator for almost three decades, doing work for several law firms including Pajcic & Pajcic. Lester was a diehard University of Florida Gators football fan. Lester was a member of the National 4-H Club, a Free Mason in Masonic Lodge #101, 32nd Degree Mason, Morocco Temple Shriner, and Morocco Temple Provost Guard, Fraternal Order of Police, Florida Peace Officers Association, Duval County Patrol Association, National Association of Retired Cops, and the Fightin' Gator Touchdown Club. He coached a Pop Warner football team for the Cedar Hills Athletic Association."
    • Involvement of alleged CIA mind control scientist Dr. Milton Kline
      • High Times, "Ex-CIA Doc Leads Fight to Limit Hypnosis", 1980/01: "Hypnotherapist Dr. Milton V. Kline, former consultant to the CIA's supersecret behavior-modification project Bluebird, is currently campaigning for strict legal constraints on hypnosis, limiting its use to trained members of the health professions. During the early '60s, when the CIA was covertly funneling millions of tax dollars into a variety of brainwashing experiments involving LSD, other hallucinogens and electroshock, Kline provided expertise on hypnosis."
      • Palm Beach Post, "Testimony in Bundy Case Challenged", 1980/02/05: "A defense expert testified yesterday that hypnosis-induced testimony by the state's only eyewitness in the Theodore Bundy kidnap-murder trial lacked any value or credibility. Dr. Milton V. Kline, a New York City clinical psychologist and specialist in hypnosis, told a Circuit Court jury that former fireman C.L. Anderson "was extremely compliant to suggestions" by what he called domineering and "omnipotent hypnotists" on what he saw during 12-year-old murder victim Kimberly Diane Leach's alleged kidnaping two years ago."
      • Tampa Tribune, "Bundy Case Psychologist May Be Fraud", 1981/10/08: "A psychologist who examined convicted murderer Theodore Bundy and John Lennon's admitted killer, Mark David Chapman, has been charged with lying about his professional credentials. Milton Kline of Chappaqua, N.Y., was indicted Friday on a charge of committing perjury during a Nov. 14, 1979 hearing in Manhattan state Supreme Court, Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthau said at a news conference Tuesday."
      • Tampa Tribune, "Bundy Case Witness Subject Of Florida Perjury Investigation", 1982/02/04: "The investigation of Milton Kline centers on whether he misrepresented his academic credentials on two occasions during Bundy's 1980 trial in the death of a 12-year-old Lake City girl, according to Lake City State Attorney Jerry Blair, who prosecuted the case."
      • Orlando Sentinel, "Psychologist in Bundy case faces charges", 1982/03/06
      • Orlando Sentinel, "Psychologist gets 1-year sentence", 1983/02/18: "Milton Kline, 58, had pleaded no contest to perjury after prosecutors said he lied when he said he had degrees from Columbia and Penn State universities. He made the plea with understanding that he could appeal Columbia County Judge Arthur Lawrence's ruling that the testimony was material to the case."
      • Orlando Sentinel, "Court upholds conviction of Bundy witness", 1984/01/31: "Kline testified as a defense witness at Bundy's trial for the 1978 rape and slaying of 12-year-old Knberly Leach of Lake City. He claimed to hold a doctorate degree in clinical psychology from Pennsylvania State University. Kline later admitted this was not true and pleaded no contest to a perjury charge. [...] Bundy was convicted of murdering the Leach girl and sentenced to death in the electric chair. He also received death sentences for killing two women at the Chi Omega sorority house at Florida State University in Tallahassee. Appeals in both cases are pending before the Florida Supreme Court. Victor Africano, a lawyer for Bundy and Kline, said he was "fairly confident" Kline would seek a rehearing and, if that is denied, appeal to the Florida Supreme Court."
  • Final arrest in Pensacola FL
    • Pensacola News Journal, "Track-Star Imposter Held in Coed Slayings", 1978/02/16 (pages 1A, 8A): "Meanwhile, "Mr. X" in Pensacola was telling police an amazing amount of personal information backing up his claim to being Kenneth R. Misner. He had graduated from college in 1972. He had been in the Air Force. He had taken odd jobs dishwashing. Concerned that he wasn't using his education successfully, he went quietly to California for a year to "find" himself. He had a birth certificate in Kenneth R. Misner's name, and several credit cards with the same name on them. And, he had a laminated, key-punched, hard-to-duplicate FSU identity card with a picture of himself. The police believed him. When Gannett News Service found the real Ken Misner at home in Tallahassee at mid-afternoon, he was flabbergasted. Yes, he had lost his FSU identification card, sometime between Christmas and New Year's. No, he wasn't aware of another Kenneth R. Misner. No, he hadn't been to Pensacola recently. [...] "This is chilling," he told the reporter. "This guy obviously knows a lot about me. Where I worked. How old I am. That my wife comes from Ormond Beach. And the scariest of all is the California bit. Very few people knew I took that trip. The only place it's written down is in Air Force records at Fort Walton Beach "Evidently, this guy completely assumed my identity. He had lots of details that would be really hard to research. This thing is so out-to-lunch. I'm really strung out. Unbelievable." Misner got on the phone right away and called the Pensacola police. By that time, detectives had discovered Mr. X was not Misner. [...] Except for one call to an Atlanta attorney, he clammed up during two hours of questioning by Patchen and Bodiford. They say the man will be questioned further today. He is still a suspect in the FSU murders, they say. Yes, they're curious, too, about how he built and credentialed an imposter's identity on a physical similarity to a well-known athlete in a relatively small city like Tallahassee. [...] now that Misner thinks about it, some strange things have been happening in his life. "About a year ago, when I was out of town, some guy called my wife late at night, and seemed to know I was out of town. He said as long as I wasn't there, he might as well come over. He never did, but he called back a second time. When I got home, the calls stopped." And a few weeks ago, the track star got a call from a man who said he was in the registrar's office at Florida State University. Some of Misner's records had been lost, he said, and he just needed to ask a few simple questions about personal background. Misner answered them."
    • The Courier-News (Bridgewater NJ), "Mystery man suspect in sex slayings", 1978/02/18: "Tallahassee police have traced Bundy's most recent residence to an apartment house just four blocks from the FSU main gate. College students living in the building remember him as a quiet fellow known as "Chris" who showed up in early January, would sing and drink with them, but would not reveal his last name or his job. [...] Police here say he has been in contact with Atlanta attorney Millard Farmer, one of the South's most famous defense attorneys, who has represented more than 100 murder defendants."
  • Raiford prison term and 1989 execution

Other curiosities

  • From p.10 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "Keppel then went over the items found in Bundy's apartment and also mentioned that Bundy made a call on 6/16/75 to the Denver Post. They were unable to find out who he spoke to however." - note that this is one day after an unknown person tried to strangle Linda Miracle in Grand Junction CO
  • According to Denver Post, "Bigfoot believers", 2003/01/05 (excerpted here), anthropology professor Daris Swindler, who examined the skulls of the Seattle victims, is an adherent of Bigfoot's existence. This is reminiscent of how multiple Bigfoot believers were linked to the Yosemite murders: Michael Larwick was the son of Leroy Larwick, who produced a controversial videotape purportedly showing Bigfoot, and Cary Stayner was known to be fascinated with Bigfoot, claiming to others he met that he had seen one of those creatures.
  • Sandra Weaver murder - found on 1974/07/02 in Grand Junction CO
    • Trempealeau County WI investigative documents on the Sandra Weaver murder found in the Colorado 9th Judicial District Attorney's Office files - names a key person whom she was with at the party shortly before her death as Glade Gamble
    • From the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office file in the 1975/01/15 supplementary report: "Investigator Vig informed me that the homicide in their area had come out of Utah, that the victim had been staying in Salt Lake City, Utah and that her disappearance was actually from that state and not Wisconsin. Investigator Vig also informed R.O. the Salt Lake City Police and Sheriff out there have a total of six homicides involving all young females. The method of operation has all been basically the same. Also there is some evidence that they might link into homicides or missing persons of young females on the California, Oregon, Washington Coast. Investigator Vig states that on the 29 of June, last year, that there was a large party in which narcotics and/or dangerous drugs were used. That their victim went to that party with a person by the name of Phillip Quintana, also known as Phillip Martinez. The next morning , the 30th. of June victim was seen by a girlfriend, Joanne Elkins on her way to work. A forklift operator at the place of employment saw victim just before 1000 hrs. At that time their victim stated she was going to see Joanne Elkins and that was the last time she was seen alive. Victim was found two days later in Mesa County in the Debec (sp?) Canyon area. Also at the party and a suspect in the case is a Wade Gambrale. Suspect is known as a drug pusher in the Salt Lake City area. Vig states that a Jerry Thompson, Investigative Division, Salt Lake City Sheriff's Department, phone 801-328-7491 is in charge of the investigation in the Salt Lake City area and any additional information we might need, we should contact him."
    • From p.11 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "Lt. Ron Smith of the Grand Junction, Colorado Police Dept. then spoke. On 7-2-74 a Salt Lake hitchhiker, one Sandra Weaver was found in Grand Junction dumped off the side of a road. This 23 year old girl had been manually strangled and was found nude except for a necklace and ring. She had left Salt Lake on 7-1-74."
    • Glade Gamble background
      • Tooele Transcript-Bulletin, obituary for Glade A. Gamble, 1997/01/21: "Glade Alfred Gamble passed away suddenly Jan. 21, 1997. He was born Nov. 22, 1948. Glade was a graduate of Grantsville High School where he excelled in tennis, winning the state title his senior year. He served four years in the Coast Guard. Glade met and married his wife, Ti, in Las Vegas, where they were both employed. Their home is in Wendover, Nev. Glade was employed by the Stateline Casino. He is survived by: his wife, Ti; his boy, Milo; father and mother, Don and Evelyn Gamble, Grantsville; brother, Larry; sister, Julie; one niece and two nephews."
    • 2017/02/11 comment by philip conrad on ExecutedToday.com, "1989: Ted Bundy, psycho killer", 2000/01/24: "i knew sandra weaver, the Colorodo detectives talked to me and my x wife in lacrosse wi because we thought the guy that left with her might have had something with her death. I do believe Ted Bundy killed her."
  • Alternate suspect Douglas Alan Yoakam
    • From KOMO, "Ted Bundy - The Mystery", 1979 @ 28:01: "Colorado and Utah authorities now add the names of Sandra Weaver, Kathy Hanson, Carolyn Sarkesians, Karen Roberson to their growing list of missing and murdered women. A coroner's report concludes that it is possible the same person or persons killed these women. At this point in our investigation, an interesting coincidence is documented: another man was convicted of the murder of Karen Roberson and is currently serving time. He used abduction, handcuffs, and a handgun. It is believed this man was briefly investigated in the Carol DaRonch case in which abduction, handcuffs, and a handgun were used."
    • Deseret News, "Man convicted in 1977 murder makes another plea for parole", 2016/01/06: "Douglas Alan Yoakam, 66, has been incarcerated for nearly four decades. On Tuesday, Yoakam made yet another plea for parole before Utah Board of Pardons and Parole member Jesse Gallegos, the same board member who heard Yoakam's last attempt at parole in 2006, which was denied. The challenge for the board, however, is deciding whether Yoakam, who has been diagnosed several times as being delusional and schizophrenic, would still pose a threat to society if he is released. Yoakam, a licensed gun dealer, was in Millcreek Canyon in 1977 when he unloaded a Mac-10 submachine gun on Karen Roberson and Justin Tauffer, killing Tauffer and critically injuring Roberson. [...] At the time of the shootings, Yoakam was on medical leave from his job and was paranoid that someone was out to kill him — so much so that he carried a cache of weapons with him everywhere he went and wore a bulletproof vest. On Tuesday, Yoakam said part of that paranoia was caused by [Ervil] LeBaron, the former leader of a polygamous sect that ordered the murders of rival polygamists in the 1970s, including Rulon Allred. Yoakam claimed that Allred attempted to buy a machine gun from him shortly before he was killed in 1977. Because of that contact, Yoakam was afraid that LeBaron would come after him, he said. LeBaron, who was sentenced to life in prison himself, died in the Utah State Prison in 1981. [...] During his latest psychological evaluation given in preparation for the hearing, it was noted that medication prescribed to Yoakam in 1977 could have caused psychosis in a person who already suffered from schizophrenia."
    • Salt Lake Tribune, "Samaritan Try Kills Man, Woman Hurt", 1977/05/11 (pages B-1, B-4): "Capt. Hayward said an autopsy Wednesday will determine how many times Mr. Taufer was struck by bullets. Miss Roberson was hit four times. Detectives found 14 expended casings at the scene, six miles up this canyon. The suspect was arrested at 1591-300 East, about 3 p.m. A British-made machine pistol and several other weapons were found in the attic of the house, Capt. Hayward said. He identified the suspect, who has been booked into Salt Lake City-County jail, as Douglas Alan Yoakam, 28, of that address. In a sequence of events as outlined by Capt. Hayward and Chief Deputy Sheriff Kenneth Hammon, Miss Roberson had spent the morning hiking near the top of the canyon. As she returned to her pickup truck, she was accosted by a man who said he was going to rape her. As she started to struggle with him, Mr. Taufer, who was en route to his cabin in the canyon, stopped to help her. He was able to get between the woman and her assailant when the assailant backed into the road and began firing. [...] Capt. Hayward said Miss Roberson was able to give the first deputies on the scene a good description of the suspect, his car and the license number. [...] When police arrived at the house they noticed blood inside the car. Also in the vehicle were handcuffs and an empty clip from a weapon later found in the attic. Officers also found an arsenal of weapons and ammunition in the house. [...] Some witnesses said the assailant was attempting to put handcuffs on one of the victims, Chief Deputy Hammon said."
    • Salt Lake Tribune, "Lawmen Find Weapons Cache, Nab Murder Suspect in S.L. Siege", 1977/05/11: "Throughout this time city and county officers probed Yoakams house and lot and his blue sedan, which matched the description given by the female victim. The interior was splattered with blood. Also in the car were handcuffs, rope, rubber gloves and a clip that could fit in the 9-mm weapon located in the house. One investigator, Salt Lake City Police Det. Don Bell, said it included "more automatic weapons than you need to equip an army with." Det. Bell told reporters that Yoakam is a licensed firearms dealer, but still to be determined is whether the license covers all the found weapons. There were machineguns, a sub-machinegun, automatic rifles, hunting rifles, shotguns, knives, pistols, a Luger, gun powder, bullet-proof vests and more, along with many boxes of assorted ammunition. There were also photographs of various dangerous weapons."
    • Ogden Standard-Examiner, "Gun Dealer Arraigned In 'Samaritan' Murder", 1977/05/13: "In response to questioning by the judge, Yoakam said he was unemployed and receiving $60 a week in disability benefits. He said his wife is expecting their second child and that they have a 15 month-old daughter. Officers said they anticipated no charges would be filed in connection with a large cache of weapons and ammunition found in Yoakam’s home."
    • Salt Lake Tribune, "Hearing in Slaying Reset for Aug. 12", 1977/06/18
    • Logan Herald-Journal, "SLC woman sues man for $758,500", 1977/08/04: "Karen Sue Roberson has filed a $758,500 Third District Court suit against a man she claims attempted to rape her, but then wounded her and killed the man who stopped the attack. Ms Roberson, 24, Salt Lake City, named Douglas A. Yoakam, 28, as defendant in the suit. She alleges Yoakam "willfully, maliciously and wrongfully physically restrained, handcuffed and battered" her without provocation. [...] Yoakam’s preliminary hearing on the murder and attempted murder charges has been continued while he undergoes a 90-day psychiatric evaluation at the Utah State Hospital."
    • Salt Lake Tribune, "Life Term Sought For Slayer", 1978/09/21 (pages B-1, B-8): "Psychiatric testimony Wednesday was nearly unanimous that Yoakam was "paranoid." Dr. Manya Atiya, Veterans Administration Hospital, said Yoakam was a "paranoid schizophrenic." describing that as a major mental disorder that would have qualified the defendant as criminally insane. She also said that an antidepressant drug prescribed to Yoakam on May 9 could possibly have set up a an "acute psychotic episode" that, combined with his paranoia, could have drawn Yoakam into a state in which his false perceptions led to firing his weapon at the pair. Dr. Louis G. Moench, LDS Hospital, chronicled the events of Yoakam's day on May 10. That account coincided with near exactness the accounts of the other three doctors. He told the court of two previous incidents in which Yoakam believed he was being shot at, setting up further paranoia. Yoakam, a licensed gun dealer, was to take his infant daughter, Sally, on a picnic in Millcreek Canyon. Yoakam had taken a number of pain pills for a back injury he suffered in an automobile accident in 1973 that was still bothering him. He also took antidepressants that morning. He told the doctor he received a phone call from a gun dealer he was acquainted with who said he had a rare rifle scope that he would like to sell to Yoakam. Yoakam believed the scope to be stolen and the caller did not trust him either, Dr. Moench said, so they agreed to meet in the canyon. As Yoakam drove up the canyon, he became increasingly fearful the meeting was a "setup." Yoakam had paranoi fantasies about the government crumbling, "leaving every man for himself." He drove past the point where the men were to meet but saw no one. He turned around to drive home and then reversed direction to check once more. Yoakam thought he heard a shot when he parked at the picnic ground, so he hit the ground and then crawled to a pistol he always kept in his car. Karen Roberson came into view and he told her to be still, that there was a sniper firing at them. "Do what I say and you won't get hurt," Dr. Moench quoted Yoakam. After placing her in his car, he believed her resistance was an indication of a larger "plot" to get him. Yoakam attempted to handcuff Ms. Roberson, an act she resisted. Threatening to shoot Yoakam's child after she wrested the pistol from him, she then bit is hand. During the struggle the pair fell from the car and Ms. Roberson called for help to a passing truck. The doctors agreed that it was then that Yoakam felt a conspiracy mounting against him in the canyon. He was angry at the woman but they agreed he wasn't trying to rape her, refuting police information at the time of the crime."
  • Unknown person Brent Olsen who the man at Viewmont High School in Bountiful UT was looking for
    • From the Bountiful Police Department file in the 1974/11/10 "Written Statement of Raelynne Shepherd": "I watched the play until I was supposed to help with a costume change, about 20 minutes later. I started back down the hall, my third trip, and again he was there (time about 8:50-9:00). He started coming towards me and said, “Hey, um, you really look nice.” I said “thanks.” He said “Are you sure you couldn’t help me out with this car, it’ll only take a few seconds.” I said “I’m in a hurry right now, but my husband might be able to help.” He said, “By the way,” and got too close, “do you know if Brent Olsen is around here?” I asked if he was a member of the cast or just a student and he said “It’s no big deal, I was just wondering if you knew him.” I left fast."
    • Deseret News, "Obituary: SHAW JR, WILLIAM BILL", 2013/06/18: "William (Bill) O. Shaw, Jr., beloved husband, father, and grandfather was reunited with his Heavenly Father and his children on Father's Day, June 16, 2013 after a minor nuisance with cancer.Born on Dec 12, 1934 to William Orley Shaw and Virgel Petty Shaw, in Ogden UT. Bill spent his childhood playing on the streets and wilds of Odgen UT with his cousins and friends. He graduated from Ogden High School in 1953 (Happy 60th), and Weber College before serving an LDS mission to the Western States mission. He completed his MBA at the University of Washington.Bill served in the Army Security Agency at Kagnew Station in East Africa. Always a hard worker, Bill found his home with First Security Bank, working in several capacities; retiring in 1996 after 32 years. He was also active in the Hailey ID and Bountiful UT Rotary Clubs for over 36 years.Bill married his sweetheart, Lynnette Kay Long, in the Salt Lake LDS Temple on Sep 8, 1961. They are the parents of Melanie (deceased), Gregory William, Stephanie (Tim) Pike, Tyler Brent (deceased), and Jennifer; proud grandparents of Derek Mitchell Pike and Chelsea Alisha Pike.Bill loved the temple and served as a temple worker for 8 years. He served a mission with his loving wife in the Utah Ogden mission. He also served for 3 years as the Executive Secretary in the same mission under President Brent Olson."
  • Melanie Cooley murder - on 1975/04/15 in Nederland CO
    • From p.13-14 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "Det. Thomas Shomaker of Boulder County Sheriff's Department then spoke about his case. On 4-23-75 Melanie Suzanne Cooley, (victim) was found clothed but with her jeans pulled down and unzipped, blouse torn in front, jean jacket with blood on sleeve. She had been struck at base of skull, probably not going fully unconscious, then struck a second time by a 35-45 pound rock which was dropped on her head. She had scratches on front of body where blouse was ripped open. It was speculated that this might have been the work of hippie-type individual due to the condition of a pillow case which was around her neck. Her hands were bound with green nylon cord in front of her body with this dirty pillow case rag around her neck. It is speculated that the rag had been used as a blindfold, which had slipped. A portion of the pillow case blindfold had been torn away. At first her father was a suspect as he had been having sexual relations with his daughter as well as the daughter's girlfriend. It was noted that the father one Eric (Mountain horse) Harris had spend 18 months of a two year sentence in the state penitentiary for bad checks. This case has not been solved to date."
    • From p.12 of the Pitkin County Sheriff's Office notes on the 1975/11/13-14 "Ted" summit in Aspen CO: "It was noted that Bundy and Harris were both in Aspen at the time of Campbell's abduction."
  • Alternate suspect William Cosden
  • Reddit post arguing that there was a substantial amount of reasonable doubt for Ted Bundy's guilt: "Copious amounts of evidence? Most people described someone that didn't even fit Ted's description. The person who picked him out of a line up was shown his picture three times before, and said it wasn't him. There are other people who were in the same places at the same time for some of the murders, but ruled out because they passed a lie detector. The fact that the jury in the first trial convicted him, not because of any evidence, but because he ran from the cops (they didn't know he was on the run). He was tedious in his case, and learned every fact from every murder. Is it unreasonable to think he falsely confessed to the crimes because he loved the attention? Did his confessions come before or after his prison rape? There are crimes he admitted to where the facts didn't line up, the last ones before he was executed. If you read a lot of the cases, you'll find that most of the evidence points to different perpetrators. The killings when he escaped prison, the only evidence was a bite mark. The descriptions of him were all wrong (a short guy). And the semen was from a "secretor" and bundy was a "non-secretor". I'm not saying the guy is innocent, because I haven't gone into any depth in the case. But when you see all the stuff that the books leave out, all the reasonable doubt, it makes you wonder. But the fact that someone can kill 30+ people, and the only evidence is a bite mark, that seems really suspect. And they should still have all the blood and semen evidence. But of course they'll never run DNA on any of it, because imagine if Ted Bundy was innocent!"
  • Jana Brubaker, "Mitigating Circumstances", 2017/05/22: "After my adventures through Idaho’s broken mental juridical health system, I have begun reading the multiple published accounts on Ted Bundy, and because I am healthy enough to listen to multiple perspectives without stomping my ignorant or abusive foot and insisting on my rightness, now I am wondering what if he didn’t do some or even all of the crimes for which he died accused? [...] In my mature, post-carceral reading, I am astonished by the paucity of evidence, much of it circumstantial or relying on psychologically unsound methods of inquiry. I note the absence of DNA match when compared with a sample found in Florida in 2011 against evidence from the Tacoma case of Ann Marie Burr, long assumed to be his first victim, thanks largely to the efforts of writers like his former friend and Seattle suicide hotline coworker Ann Rule. [...] Self-published author Rebecca Morris takes up the crusade for another generation, but while her account fails to connect Ted with Ann Marie with evidence beyond her book title and the coincidence of their childhoods in the same town, in multiple passages she unwittingly alludes to other suspects, describing Burr family members with sorted [sic] pasts and the sexual abuse, controlling fathers, and rigidly divided male/female roles common to both clans. Further, she cites one Florida juror and journalist who did not believe there was enough to convict him beyond a reasonable doubt, and in another passage, by the late 1970s a retired Tacoma detective still doggedly convinced policing is no place for women."
  • Bonnie Kernene, "Brittany Phillips murder 9/30/2004 Tulsa, OK *Still unsolved, 9 years later", 2006/10/23 - a 2007/04/03 comment by Steven Costello refers to "Clark Dawson, Ted Bundy’s accomplice (no! He did not work alone!)" whose nickname is "Silent"
  • Jerome Brudos serial killings (TODO: move to Serial killers page?)
    • Jim Stovall - the Salem cop most widely credited with solving the case; discussed above in relation to the Julie Cunningham murder, as his daughter was friends with her
    • Jerry Frazier - the Salem cop also involved in solving the case, to whom Brudos gave the knot
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Local lawman tracking mobsters", 1975/04/29: "Grand Junction already has had brushes with the mob. The valley's link to the rest of the world, I-70, also serves the mob in its frequent travels. So this week yet another member of the Grand Junction Police Department is being initiated into the select group of lawmen who keep track of the mobsters, the families and the rackets. Sgt. Jerry Frazier is spending time in Denver working with the states organized crime strike force. The object is to familiarize Frazier with how organized crime works and the mobs actions in Colorado, according to Capt. Robert Burnett. The anticrime force is under the jurisdiction of the Colorado Bureau of investigation. Another reason for the policeman's visit is to familiarize the states top crimefighters with him. The crime strike force and the nationwide net which keeps track of mobsters doesn't trust just anyone. The vast pool of inside information on the mob is entrusted to individuals, not police departments. [...] Frazier has been with the local department since the beginning of the year. He is a veteran of the Salem, Ore., force, the alma mater of Police Chief Ben Meyers. [...] Characterizing Grand Junction as being on a mainline route from the West Coast to Denver and points east, Burnett noted mobsters are adept at moving inconspicuously into a growing area. Within the last six months an individual attempted to set up an operation to sell bootlegged recording tapes in the city, Burnett noted. Police believe such complicated operations are mob-connected. [...] Other police personnel familiar with organized crime operation include Chief Meyers, Capt. Burnett, Capt. Ed VanderTook and Lt. Bob Evers."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Local policeman completes course", 1975/11/27: "Sgt. Jerry Frazier completed a 14-week course at the Southern Police Institute in Louisville, Ky., Friday. Frazier, 42, earned 15 college semester hours for courses which included police management, police administration, constitutional law, psychology and communications. He graduated with 60 other law enforcement officers from 19 states and the Panama Canal Zone. He is a 12-year veteran in police work, spending two and a half years with the Wichita, Kan., force before transfering to Salem, Ore. Frazier joined the Grand Junction department nine months ago and has been temporarily assigned to the detective bureau since returning from the institute."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Probe brings demotions, suspensions", 1976/02/20: "Two Grand Junction police officials have been suspended because an investigation determined they were involved in brawls. One, a lieutenant, has been demoted to the rank of sergeant. [...] The lieutenant is Ron Smith, 33. In addition to the demotion, he was suspended for 10 days. Sgt. Jerry Frazier, 32, has been suspended for three days. [...] The charge stems from two incidents involving Smith and one involving Frazier. According to Charles Teed, city information officer, an investigation conducted by police, and containing statements from witnesses showed that Smith was implicated in a disturbance at the Flamingo Lounge, 201 Colorado, on Dec. 25. The report cited Smith with acting in a "belligerent and aggressive manner." The investigation disclosed that Smith allegedly grabbed a man and pushed him over a table. The table broke, Teed said. [...] In another incident at The Timbers, 1810 North Ave., on Nov. 25, both Smith and Frazier were involved in a fight, the report said. Apparently Smith struck and pushed a man, while Frazier knocked a second man nearly unconscious," Teed said. During both incidents the men were off-duty. [...] Smith has been a city employe for the past 13 years and Frazier has been with the police department for the past year."
      • Fort Collins Coloradoan, "Policeman demoted", 1976/02/22: "Lt. Ron Smith, the third ranking officer in the department, was demoted to the rank of sergeant. A review board earlier ruled he was involved in the disturbances. Smith was also placed on departmental probation for six months, a police spokesman said. Another officer, Sgt. Jerry Frazier, was suspended for three days and placed on departmental probation for six months after allegedly being involved in a separate barroom altercation, the spokesman said."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "Police officer suspended in report probe", 1976/03/31: "Grand Junction Police Officer Stan Lumbardy was suspended without pay this morning until a police department inquiry board can determine if he lied about being shot at March 21 near the eastbound 1-70 ramp at Horizon Drive. Acting Police Chief Ed VanderTook announced the action came only after Lumbardy took a polygraph test Monday, the incident was re-enacted at the scene, lab test results were received and numerous interviews were conducted. Department charges Services Capt. Fred Becker said Lumbardy is facing departmental charges of making a false report and conduct unbecoming an officer. The captain said Lumbardy was first relieved of duty at 5 p.m. Monday after the polygraph test was given. Becker said that the board of inquiry members will be Lt. Robert Kibler, Sgt. Jerry Frazier and Patrolman Roger Thomas."
      • Salem Capital Journal, "Mob link feared in nursing homes", 1979/10/04: "The attorney general's office has agreed to a state legislator's request to investigate the possibility that organized crime has infiltrated Oregon nursing homes. Jerry Frazier, a former Salem policeman now serving as a state welfare investigator, will conduct the four-month probe sought by Rep. Sandy Richards, D-Portland. The chairman of the House Committee on Aging and Minority Affairs told the attorney general's organized crime unit that Oregon is one of 14 states named in a recent congressional study citing the possibility of underworld involvement in the industry. "We kept hearing testimony last session that whenever an out-of-state corporation takes over an Oregon nursing home, care declines suddenly and complaints rise sharply," Richards said. [...] Federal investigators believe crime syndicates use the homes as legitimate enterprises to launder illegal money."
      • Salem Statesman Journal, "D.A. investigator charged with hindering prosecution", 1983/09/14: "An investigator with the Marion County District Attorney's office was arraigned Tuesday in circuit court on charges he hindered the criminal prosecution of his son. Jerry Dean Frazier, 50, was indicted by a Marion County grand jury Aug. 31 on charges of hindering prosecution and tampering with physical evidence, said Benton County District Attorney Peter Sandrock, who is prosecuting the case. THE GRAND JURY was investigating the burglary of a Keizer residence from which jewelry and other property were taken, he said. "Mr. Frazier told his son that if he had any stolen property, he should dispose of it," Sandrock alleged. [...] Frazier, a former Salem police officer, has been suspended without pay by Marion County District Attorney Chris Van Dyke pending resolution of the case, Sandrock said. HE DECLINED to discuss evidence of the allegations or whether the son, Jerry Brent Frazier, 25, had been indicted or arrested. [...] [Frazier's attorney Paul] DeMuniz said afterward he intends to seek dismissal of the indictment. [...] "During the period leading up to the indictment, Mr. Frazier was never interviewed by any law enforcement people, never informed he was a target of the grand jury and never given the opportunity to tell his side of the story," he said. He said Frazier was subpoenaed to appear before the grand jury but never was called to testify. SANDROCK SAID Tuesday his office entered the burglary investigation at Van Dyke's request. The March 14 burglary, on Claggett Street NE, was reported to law enforcement officers that day by the victim. She told police a "shirttail relative" of hers possibly was involved, Sandrock said. Officers that night arrested two suspects Randy Leon Morris, 22, a distant relative, and Daniel L. Fleury, 23. On March 31, the lawyer for one of the men told a deputy district attorney Frazier's son might have been involved in the burglary, Sandrock said. VAN DYKE, DECLARING a conflict of interest, then sought an outside prosecutor to handle the case, Sandrock said. He said a state police officer was assigned to investigate the burglary, and after his work was completed, the case was presented to the grand jury. [...] [Frazier] was hired by Van Dyke in January 1980 as a criminal case analyst. Much of his work has involved preparation of cases for trial. He worked for the Wichita, Kan., police department and Multnomah County Sheriff's Office before joining the Salem police department in 1966. On April 7, 1971, he and another officer were wounded when they entered a downtown bar looking for a bank robbery suspect. Frazier, shot in the groin, was off work for several months. HE REMAINED with the Salem police another four years, then worked for the Grand Junction, Colo., police. He returned here in 1976, working as a welfare fraud investigator for the state before joining the district attorney's staff."
      • Salem Statesman Journal, "Marion investigator cleared of charges", 1983/10/20: "Charges were dismissed Wednesday against Jerry Dean Frazier, a Marion County District Attorney's office investigator accused of hindering the criminal prosecution of his son. "I am convinced Mr. Frazier did not commit a crime," said Benton County District Attorney Peter Sandrock, special prosecutor in the case. Frazier's intent when he questioned his son represented "an act of cooperation with the police, not one of hindering," said Sandrock at a press conference in Corvallis. The grand jury that indicted Frazier Aug. 31 did not have all the pertinent evidence before it, he said. Further investigation and interviews with witnesses led him to seek dismissal of the cases, Sandrock said. [...] The grand jury had been investigating the burglary of a Keizer residence from which jewelry and other property were taken. Frazier's son and daughter, Jerry Brent Frazier, 25, and Lisa Elaine Harrington, 20, were indicted on charges of burglary but have not entered pleas yet. Two others also were charged with the burglary. Sandrock said Wednesday the grand jury based its indictment on the testimony earlier in August of a woman who commented briefly on a conversation she overheard between Frazier and his son at the son's apartment. What the grand jury didn't know at that time nor in later sessions was that Frazier had gone to his son's apartment at the request of police investigating the burglary. "The kids denied to their dad they were involved in the crime," Sandrock said. Frazier asked them to take a polygraph examination and they agreed, Sandrock said."
      • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "DISTRICT COURT, MESA COUNTY, COLORADO Civil Action No. 88 CV 599", 1988/10/25: "SUMMONS
        now known as COLUMBIA SAVINGS, a Federal Savings and Loan Association,
        • Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, "CERTIFICATE NO. 65991", 1988/04/01: "CERTIFICATE NO. 65991 sold November 23, 1981, purchased by Jacquelyn Moran, Value $210.00; described as W 3OFT OF THAT PT DESC BEG NW COR TRACT A CASIMIR HTS SEC 31 IS IE N 89DEG26' E 102.85FT S 02DEG17' E 248.60FT S 89DEG56' W 118.47 FT N 01DEG29'24SEC E 247.63FT TO BEG; record owner at time of sale was NICK STREZA II, 935 Northern Way, Grand Junction CO 81501; also being notified-The Mutual Savings and Loan Association, 130 N 4th Grand Junction, CO 81501; CHARLES G O'BRYAN, 2654 Sharon Place, Grand Junction, CO 81503;"
        • US Bank Locations page for Mutual Savings and Loan Association - FDIC certificate 28206; located at 130 North Fourth Street, Grand Junction, CO 81501; established 1904/01/01; merged into Columbia Savings, A Federal Savings and Loan Association (30228) on 1980/06/30
        • US Bank Locations page for Pioneer Savings and Loan Association - FDIC certificate 30049; located at 145 South Cascade, Montrose, CO 81401; established 1919/01/01; became part of part of Columbia Savings, A Federal Savings and Loan Association (30228) on 1979/12/31 following a bank failure; acquired Mutual Savings and Loan Association (28206) on 1980/06/30; moved its headquarters from Montrose CO to Englewood CO on 1985/06/30
        • US Bank Locations page for Columbia Savings, A Federal Savings and Loan Association - FDIC certificate 30228; located at 5850 South Ulster Circle East, Englewood, CO 80111; established 1929/01/01; turned into Columbia, A Federal Savings and Loan Association (32628) on 1988/12/31 following a bank failure
          • Denver Post, "They Made The Deal Giving MCA Control Of Columbia Savings And Loan" (photo), 1961/12/04: "Holding the papers is Kenneth King, seated, president of Columbia Savings and Loan. In back are, from left, E. Warren Willard, managing partner to Boettcher and Co., Richard D. Gibson of Boettcher and Harold Taft King, Columbia vice president."
          • Denver Post, "The Jules Steins Feted At Black Tie Party" (photo), 1968/06/24: "Dr. and Mrs. Jules Stein of Beverly Hills, Calif., and New York City, center, were guests of honor at dinner given Monday evening by the Harold Taft Kings. The King's Polo Grounds home was lavishly decorated with floral blossoms for gala gathering."
          • New York Times, "MCA Earnings Up 33% in Quarter, Led by Universal Pictures Unit", 1978/05/09: "MCA Inc., a leader in television film production, reported yesterday a 33 percent increase in earnings in the initial three months this year on a 19 percent gain in revenues. The company's Universal Pictures unit had one of its best results on .record. Lew R. Wasserman, MCA chairman, added that the Spencer Gifts mail‐order business Columbia Savings and Loan and the recreation services division all had record first‐quarter results."
          • Washington Post, "Dr. Jules C. Stein, Giant of Entertainment Industry", 1981/05/01: "Dr. Jules C. Stein, 85, the ophthalmologist who founded who founded MCA Inc. and became one of the most powerful figures in the entertainment industry in the United States, died of a heart attack Wednesday at UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles. [...] Dr. Stein's career in entertainment began in 1924, when he left medicine to become a promoter and organizer and founded the Music Corporation of America. This later became MCA Inc. At first, the company was primarily a talent agency, booking bands throughout the Midwest. It no longer represents performers. Its principal activities now are producing and distributing films and television programs. It owns Universal Studios, Universal Tours and MCA Records. Other holdings include Columbia Savings and Loan Association, Spencer Gifts and the Sheraton Universal Hotel."
          • Kenneth King Foundation annual report from 2012: "In 1929 Kenneth King founded Columbia Savings and Loan Association in Denver, Colorado with offices in Denver, Fort Collins, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, and Littleton with field staff serving all of Colorado. In 1958, Kenneth with his brother, Harold Taft King, built the Petroleum Building at Sixteenth and Broadway in downtown Denver.

            In 1962 Columbia was sold to MCA, Inc. Kenneth remained on the Board until 1979, completing 50 years with Columbia Savings.

            Kenneth King continued his work as an active philanthropist, supporting such organizations as Goodwill Industries, the Leukemia Society, Easter Seal Society, and countless church, civic and social services organizations.

            While active with Columbia Savings, he hired a number of disabled employees and in 1963 was named Colorado Employer of the Year by then Governor John Love, and later received the Distinguished Service Award from President Lyndon Johnson, who cited him for “encouraging and promoting the employment of handicapped people.”"
          • Connections to the broader savings and loan scandals
            • Alliance For Capital Access member list - includes "Columbia Savings and Loan Association, Beverly Hills, California. Thomas Spiegel, President and Chief Executive Officer" (alongside "Enron Corporation, Houston, Texas. Kenneth L. Lay, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer" and "Gulfstream Land and Development Corporation, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Kenneth M. Good, Chairman of the Board" and "Occidental Petroleum Corporation, Los Angeles, California. Dr. Armand Hammer, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer")
            • Los Angeles Times, "Drexel, Milken Join Keating as Class-Action Defendants", 1990/02/10: "Drexel Burnham Lambert and the former head of its junk bond department, Michael Milken, were added as defendants Friday in a class-action lawsuit against Lincoln Savings Chairman Charles H. Keating Jr. that claims investors lost $200 million investing in worthless securities sold at the thrift’s offices. [...] The suit claims that through their illegal dealings with one another, Drexel aided Lincoln Savings in defrauding 22,000 investors who purchased worthless securities at Lincoln offices. [...] The investor suit charges that Milken knew that Lincoln’s parent company--American Continental Corp., also headed by Keating--was no longer able to issue debt through the traditional means of an underwritten public offering and instead chose to sell its debt illegally through its Lincoln branches in Southern California. [...] American Continental was part of the “vast intertwined financial network"--a “Drexel Daisy Chain"--through which the investment banking company had unrestricted access to government-insured deposits, which were funneled into billions of dollars of Drexel junk bonds, the suit said. [...] The suit said other companies in the Drexel daisy chain were MDC Holdings Inc., Southmark Corp., CenTrust Savings, Imperial Savings, Columbia Savings and Loan and San Jacinto Savings."
            • Washington Post, "THE S L-JUNK BOND LINK", 1990/02/18: "Silverado is affiliated with MDC Holdings, a Colorado real estate company that issued junk bonds through Drexel. MDC has already settled an SEC complaint charging it falsely inflated its earnings through land transactions with Lincoln. The House Banking Committee has issued subpoenas seeking to force Milken to testify about his transactions with savings and loans. Committee members plan to ask about such apparent conflicts of interests as Drexel's dealings with Columbia Savings and Loan of Beverly Hills, which is partially owned by Drexel, Milken and associates. [...] Drexel aggressively recruited thrifts to buy junk bonds, using Columbia Savings and Loan "as bait," said Reed Nagle, president of SNL Securities, a Charlottesville investment banking firm that specializes in S&Ls. "Milken saw the thrift industry as a potentially large reservoir of bond funding." Nagle said. "He used Columbia as his test case and ran the portfolio in a way that guaranteed profits." [...] investing in junk bonds has proven so risky that even Columbia -- long regarded as the most successful junk bond buyer in the business -- is in such severe financial trouble that Nagle, Thomas and Sheshunoff all expect it to fail."
            • UPI, "U.S. suit alleges sweeping Drexel conspiracy", 1990/11/15: "The sweeping accusations were contained in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court claim filed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. and the Resolution Trust Corp., which the U.S. agencies announced late Wednesday after the court's close. [...] The government alleges Drexel persuaded, coerced or bribed thrift operators to take on large investments in junk bonds. Also, the firm financed and aided in the acquisition, expansion and looting of thrifts by allies like Keating, former head of California's Lincoln Savings and Loan Association, and David Paul, who headed Miami's failed CenTrust Savings Bank. [...] Failed S&Ls concerned in the case also include Columbia Savings of Englewood, Colo.; Gibraltar Savings of Beverly Hills, Calif.; Imperial Savings Association of San Diego; and MeraBank of Phoenix. [...] Among other alleged violations, the government said, 'Drexel assisted Keating in orchestrating a complicated fraud involving CenTrust, Lincoln and others,' in which Lincoln-held stock was transferred to American Continental Corp., Lincoln's Phoenix-based parent, at an artifically low price, giving American Continental a $22.67 million profit."
            • Los Angeles Times, "Drexel’s Junk Network : U.S. Says the Firm Had Some Local S&Ls; on Very Sweet Strings", 1990/11/16: "Relationships between Drexel and local thrifts are described as so intertwined that former Drexel junk bond chief Michael Milken met once a month with senior executives at nearby Gibraltar Financial in Beverly Hills to review the thrift’s junk bond holdings. At one point, subsidiaries of Columbia Savings in Beverly Hills, Drexel’s biggest thrift customer, owned more than 8% of the stock in another thrift company with ties to Drexel, Imperial Corp. of America in San Diego. These and other allegations are contained in claims made in Drexel’s federal bankruptcy case in New York by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., which insures thrift deposits, and the Resolution Trust Corp., which is mopping up the nation’s savings and loan mess. [...] Although the FDIC alleges Milken and Drexel used more than 40 savings and loans nationwide, nearly all of the largest and most important members of the network operated in Drexel’s own back yard. They included Gibraltar Financial, parent of Gibraltar Savings & Loan; Imperial Corp. of America, parent of Imperial Savings & Loan; Financial Corp. of Santa Barbara, parent of Santa Barbara Savings & Loan; Lincoln Savings & Loan in Irvine, and Columbia Savings. All except Columbia were later seized by regulators, and Beverly Hills-based Columbia is expected to be taken over once it sells its junk bonds. [...] Drexel also helped Phoenix businessman Charles H. Keating Jr. gain control of Lincoln, and at one point Drexel owned more than 10% of the stock in Lincoln’s parent, American Continental Corp. [...] Lincoln improperly used Drexel to buy junk bonds issued by other thrifts, including Columbia Savings, the parent of Imperial Savings and the parent of San Jacinto Savings & Loan in Texas. [...] Here are the failed thrifts that government regulators allege were defrauded by Drexel Burnham Lambert Inc.: [...] Columbia Savings, Englewood, Colo."
            • San Bernardino County Sun, "U.S. blames Drexel for thrift crisis", 1990/11/16
            • Ronald B. Coleman, "Lincoln Savings and Loan Scandal: A Case Study of State-Corporate Crime", 2002/12: "In addition, Lincoln Savings swapped real estate between American Continental and Mizell Development Corporation (MDC) to avoid the equity rule. MDC was a real estate subsidiary of Denver's Columbia Savings & Loan Association, (an associate of Southmark subsidiary). American Continental and MDC worked together to trade land parcels back and forth. Lincoln's subsidiary AMCOR bought 6,000 undeveloped home sites from MDC. In turn, MDC received a $75 million line of credit from Lincoln Savings and bought nearly 4,000 undeveloped home sites from AMCOR (Wilmsen; 1991, p. 130). These procedures protected the value of bad loans known as "trading the dead horse for the dead cow" (Mayer; 1993, p. 70). These trades generated spurious profits and gave appraisers a pretext to increase appraised values of land in that neighborhood."
            • The Nation, "S&Ls, Big Banks and Other Triumphs of Capitalism", 2008/10/09: "Investigators keep dropping their buckets into the Drexel cesspool and coming up with ties to some of the most notorious failures (Silverado, Lincoln, CenTrust, San Jacinto S&L) and with such corporate raiders as Ronald Perelman and the Belzberg family and the Bass brothers, all of whom, with the very questionable and secret assistance of the bank board, now own giant junk-bond-encrusted S&Ls, which they bought from the government during its infamous “fire sales” of 1988. [...] The “plan” of the Southwest Plan was to entice, with fabulous favors, some of America’s rich folks to buy the ailing thrifts. They were guaranteed a prearranged profit (if their assets didn’t yield a minimum return the government promised to make up the difference) and marvelous tax advantages. [...] One of the neatest tricks of the Southwest Plan was turning two busted thrifts, Neil Bush’s alma mater Silverado and another Colorado thrift, Columbia Savings, into one of the most profitable thrifts in the country by merging and selling them to First Nationwide Bank of San Francisco for $96 million. The profits came from federal subsidies of more than half-a-billion dollars and tax breaks. In its first year of ownership, First Nationwide earned a profit of $48 million, or about half its investment."
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